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Ancient Eygpt Nile River
Transcript of Ancient Eygpt Nile River
Environment & Culture
Facts about Ancient Egypt!
Akhenaten was the 10th king of the 18th dynasty. His name before he changed it was Amenhotep. Akhenaten made a huge change during his time in being a Pharaoh. He declared that all the other gods did not exist. That only one god existed and that was Aten (The sun god). He abandoned the temples of other gods and started everything all over. After his death the religion didn't last. The temple was abandoned and so was his city
The Nile river was a distance of 4184 miles long!
It drained in the Mediterranean sea.
Was worshiped by the egyptians as one of their gods (Hapi) .
It is the longest river in the world.
The river is in a shape of lotus flower which in Egypt the flower resembled a regeneration of life.
The Nile river got its name from the Greek Neilos which means a river valley.
Facts About The Nile River!
The god Amun
Most Worshiped Gods
Ancient Egypt: Nile River
The Nile River was the most important resource in Ancient Egypt's community. It helped the egyptians transport goods, provided well fertilized soil, as well as drinking water. The river would flood from June-September , October was when they sowed the fields and March is when they harvested the plants. Ancient Egypt had 2 lands. the Black land was where the fertilized soil deposited after the flood while the red land was deserts that divided near by countries & invading armies. Overall the land was suitable for the egyptians.
Both men a women wore make-up they believed it had healing powers.
Egyptian children did not wear clothes until they were in their teens
Ancient Egyptians had three calendars. There was the everyday farming calendar, a astronomical calendar, and a lunar calendar
They used math and science to make there buildings or any other big projects.
Religion was a big aspect in Ancient Egypt. Their religion was based on polytheism (The belief in worshiping more then one god.) The Egyptians had as many as 2000 gods and goddesses. Some of the gods like Amun Or Ra were worshiped throughout the whole country, while others had only a local following. The gods & goddesses that were worshiped in temples by pharaoh's & priest's were 'official gods'. On the other hand gods & goddesses that were not "official" were usually worshiped at home by the egyptians.
(servant of the aten)
(The god amun is satisfied)
He created himself in the beginning of time and was beileved to be the father of the pharaohs. His name means the hidden one and wears a feathered crown. At times he is shown with a ram head.
The god Geb
He was a bearded man with a goose on his head. If earthquakes were to occur Egyptians believed the reason for them was he was laughing. He was also the healer and provider of crops.
The goddess Mut
She is mother of all living things. She wears a vulture headdress at times. The crown she wears symbolizes motherhood and the two crowns she wears represent the upper & lower Egypt.
The god Ra
He is the god of sun, life and heat. Egyptians believed he created the world. Ra has a sun disk around his head which symbolized creator of the world.
The god Osiris
He was one of Geb & Mut's 5 Children. He was inherited the throne of Egypt. Out of jealousy his brother Seth drowned him & he became god of the undead.
The god Anubis
He was known for mummification. He was the original god of the dead until Osiris took over. He has the head of a jackal.
Ancient Egypt's type of government was Theocracy. Government and religion were inseparable in Egypt for they both went hand in hand. The Pharaoh, Vizier, Governors & Scribes were the people who played a HUGE part of the Government mostly the Pharaoh. Although the government was based mostly on religion everybody was treated equally at the courts, by their actions & by their consequences.
a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god
The Pharaoh; The Pharaoh was the most powerful person in ancient Egypt. He represented the gods on earth and performed rituals for the gods in temples. The Pharaoh held the titles "Highest priest of every temple" & "Lord of the two lands"
The Vizier; He was the Pharaohs special & trusted advisor. He as well was the second most powerful official. He heard cases in the high court & made sure that local governors were doing their job.
The Nobles;Were responsible for making local laws and keeping order in the region.
The Priests;The priest acted as an intermediary between people and gods. His main job was to do rituals & offerings in the temples and keep the gods happy. He was also in charge of festivals and was only allowed to wear clothes made from plants.
Scribes;They were the only people that knew how to read and write. They attended school and it took them 4-5 years to master it. Their Jobs were Recording history writing contracts,calculating taxes, court cases and much much more!
Soldiers; They went through much training before officially becoming a soldier & were responsible for the defense of the country. It was also an opportunity to rise in society.
Craftsmen; The craftsmen were well respected in the community. They usually worked in workshops with other craftsmen or in temple workshops.
Farmers & Slaves? ; Slaves were usually captured enemies and did the same job as the farmers and servants. Farmers planted and harvested the food while the servants served the Pharaoh and other powerful Egyptians.
Ancient Egypt's culture was very different to ours today. The people of Ancient Egypt valued family life, to have a child it was a great blessing, If they couldn't have one they would actually give the gods gift so they can send them a child. Marriage was at a young age for peasant girls. They usually married around the age of 12 & although some young girls/boys chose their own spouse most of the marriages were arranged by the parents of the children. In the kitchen Regular citizens in ancient Egypt had clay dishes and did their cooking in clay ovens. The wealthy as well cooked in clay ovens BUT used dishes made of bronze, silver, and gold instead of clay. In jewelery the poor wore cooper while the rich wore gold. The jewelry was usually worn for keeping evil spirits away or preventing injury.
Egyptian clothing styles did not change much throughout ancient times. The men usually wore a short skirt called a kilt. Women wore a straight fitting dress held up by straps. The wealthy men wore pleated kilts, and the older men wore a longer kilt. When doing hard work, men wore a loin cloth, and women wore a short skirt. The Children usually ran around nude during the summer months, while in the winter, wraps and cloaks were worn. Clothing styles were chosen for comfort in the hot, dry climate of Egypt.
The Egyptian houses were made from bricks of sun dried mud. A regular house had 3 rooms. The windows and doors on the house were covered with mats to keep out the flies, dust, & heat. The inside walls were decorated with wall hangings made of leather, and the floors were covered with tile & sometimes there was a room on the roof with three walls where the family slept on hot summer nights.
Festivals held in Ancient Egypt were usually holidays in honor of the gods. The important gods had festivals in their honor that were held by the priests. A statue of the god was carried through the streets. Other gods that were not so popular had festivals but were held by the regular citizens and not the priest. Egyptians did have fun times as well. It included fishing, river boat outings, swimming, hunting crocodiles and hippopotamuses, and boat games where two teams of men in boats with long poles would try to push each other into the water. Hunting in the desert was another great pastime. Other favorite pastimes included board games like Hounds & Jackals, and Senet. Children kept themselves entertained with toys like carved ivory animals, wooden horses on wheels, and balls. The wealthy Egyptians often entertained themselves by holding extravagant parties with plenty of food to eat and beer and wine to drink. Singers, dancers, acrobats, and musicians were hired to entertain.
The Egyptians Entertainment!
Women in ancient Egypt were ahead of their time. They could not only rule the country, but also had many of the same basic human rights as men. Egyptian women could have their own businesses, own and sell property, and serve as witnesses in court cases. The political and economic rights Egyptian women enjoyed made them the most liberated females of their time
Men had the same rights as the woman's BUT had the most power in ancient Egypt by becoming someone high in society such as becoming a Pharaoh Priest or Vizier.
Ancient Egypt was a glorious civilization which lasted approximately 3,000 years. Upper and Lower Egypt were unified by King Menes, and he ushered in the 1st Dynasty. The Nile River benefited the egyptians so much & was their most important resource, the reason they stayed. Their kings were seen as the son of a god & many temples, pyramids, sphinxes, obelisks show how much they believed and how huge their expectations were. The Egyptians were very unique & diffrent.