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Trench Warfare

Honors History
by

Michele Goostree

on 1 March 2017

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Transcript of Trench Warfare

By the end of 1914, nearly 6,250 miles trenches constructed in Europe.
A single pair of rats could produce up to 880 offspring a year.
By the war's end, each side had dug at least 12,000 miles of trenches.
Soldiers often depended on impure water collected from shell-holes, which caused dysentery.
Extra Credit Opportunity
Create your own trench!
During the winter of 1914-1915, the British Army treated 20,000 soldiers for trench foot.
A lit candle was an effective way of removing lice, but the skill of burning the lice without setting yourself on fire was difficult to learn.
A total of 3,894 men in the British Army were convicted of self-inflicted wounds. A firing-squad offense. None were executed, but all served prison time.
Effect of Trench Warfare on Soldiers: Shell shock
Physical?
~Hidden damage from shock waves
~Cerebral lesions
~Poisoning from gas
Psychological?
Emotional response to horrors of war
(PTSD)
Long term effects:
A generation of damaged men
"In Flanders Fields"
by Lt. Col. John McCrae
The Nature of Warfare
World War I

How does the 'nature of warfare' change in WWI?
First "Technological" War
~Killing Machines~
Science and Engineering Leads to 'Better' Weapons
WWI may be full of tomatoes, but...
TRENCH WARFARE
Life in the trenches
Aerial Photography Changes the Game!
Front-line trench
- used for firing/attacking.
- 50 yards to a mile from enemy FL trench
Support Trench
-Several hundred yards behind FL trench
-Men and supplies assist those in FL trench
-Sometimes referred to as "secondary trench"
Reserve Trench
-Several hundred yards behind support trench
-Men and supplies available in emergencies
4 Types of Trenches
"No Man's Land"
Communication Trench
-Allowed movement of messages, supplies, men b/n trenches
-Some underground; connected trenches to each other.
Excerpt from "The Lost Battalion"
Fun Facts!
Source: The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century. pbs.org
Trench Poets
Wilfred Owen
"Dulce Et Decorum Est"
("it is sweet
and honorable")
"The Last Laugh"
Siegfried Sassoon
"The Dug Out"
Suicide in the "Trenches"
John Agard
"In Times of Peace"
Written in response to events witnessed
Colloquial language of the day
1914-1915 Themes:
Virtues of honor, duty, heroism, glory
Late 1915-1918 Themes:
Skeptical
Question morality
Futility of war
Horrific depictions
Isaac Rosenberg
"Break of Day in the Trenches"
Full transcript