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Transcript of Trench Warfare
A single pair of rats could produce up to 880 offspring a year.
By the war's end, each side had dug at least 12,000 miles of trenches.
Soldiers often depended on impure water collected from shell-holes, which caused dysentery.
Extra Credit Opportunity
Create your own trench!
During the winter of 1914-1915, the British Army treated 20,000 soldiers for trench foot.
A lit candle was an effective way of removing lice, but the skill of burning the lice without setting yourself on fire was difficult to learn.
A total of 3,894 men in the British Army were convicted of self-inflicted wounds. A firing-squad offense. None were executed, but all served prison time.
Effect of Trench Warfare on Soldiers: Shell shock
~Hidden damage from shock waves
~Poisoning from gas
Emotional response to horrors of war
Long term effects:
A generation of damaged men
"In Flanders Fields"
by Lt. Col. John McCrae
The Nature of Warfare
World War I
How does the 'nature of warfare' change in WWI?
First "Technological" War
Science and Engineering Leads to 'Better' Weapons
Life in the trenches
Aerial Photography Changes the Game!
- used for firing/attacking.
- 50 yards to a mile from enemy FL trench
-Several hundred yards behind FL trench
-Men and supplies assist those in FL trench
-Sometimes referred to as "secondary trench"
-Several hundred yards behind support trench
-Men and supplies available in emergencies
4 Types of Trenches
"No Man's Land"
-Allowed movement of messages, supplies, men b/n trenches
-Some underground; connected trenches to each other.
Excerpt from "The Lost Battalion"
Source: The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century. pbs.org
"Dulce Et Decorum Est"
("it is sweet
"The Last Laugh"
"The Dug Out"
Suicide in the "Trenches"
"In Times of Peace"
Written in response to events witnessed
Colloquial language of the day
Virtues of honor, duty, heroism, glory
Late 1915-1918 Themes:
Futility of war
"Break of Day in the Trenches"
Not all of this information is horrible...