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Increase student retention in residence hall

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Leo Lin

on 6 July 2014

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Transcript of Increase student retention in residence hall

Literature Review
Helps students
with the academic environment better (Astin, 1973, 1993).

Helps students
persist and graduate
at significantly higher rates (Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991; Tinto, 1993).

with the collegiate experience (Blimling, 1993).
On-campus living and student retention
Applying Seven Vectors Theory for Increasing Student Retention
1. Developing competence

2. Managing emotions

3. Moving through autonomy toward interdependence

4.Developing mature interpersonal relationships

5. Establishing identity

6. Developing purpose

7. Developing Integrity
On-campus living and student retention (continued)
Have greater
personal growth
and more
intellectual and cognitive development
(Astin, 1993; Bliming, 1993; Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991; Schroeder & Mable, 1994).

Have more
social interaction and positive involvement
with peers, faculty, and communities (Ballou, Reavill, & Schultz, 1995).
Leo Lin,
Michigan State University

Student Retention and Residence Hall Living
Factors influencing students' decision to live on-campus
Convenient services
were primary reasons for students' living choice (Popovics, 1989; Twale and Damron, 1992).

, and
were perceived as advantages, although
visitation restrictions
, and
were perceived as negative elements of living in residence halls (Popovics, 1989).

Educational Benchmarking, Inc. (EBI, 2002) found
dining satisfaction
to be one of the foremost predictors of overall residence satisfaction.
The ability of residence hall students to
interact with other students
is one of the most important factors in predicting their overall satisfaction in residence halls (EBI, 2002).

Social elements
are important in shaping the perception of living in the residence hall and contribute to students' greater involvement in college activities (Aleman, 1997; Cooper, Healy, & Simpson, 1994; Thomas, 2000).

Luna (1998) found
room comfort
, and
to be primary concerns of students living in residence halls.

Factors influencing students' decision to live on-campus
Living-Learning Models
Factors Contributing to Student Decision-Making of Whether to Live
1. Ability to cook meals
2.Length of lease/contract
3.Proximity to campus town
4.Private bathroom
5.Parking accommodations
6.Ability to live with/near friends
7.Ability to study where you live
Li, Sheely & Whalen (2005)
Factors Contributing to Student Decision-Making of Whether to Live
1. Ability to cook meals
2.Length of lease/contract
Cost of room/apartment and/or board
4.Proximity to campus town
.Parking accommodations
Ability to live with/near friends
. Private bathroom
Li, Sheely & Whalen (2005)
Populations of Interest at Wayne State University
How do Living Learning Communities have the Potential to Increase Student Retention
Students live together tend to share the same academic interests.

Students enroll in a couple of courses together.

Intentional communities organized around specific learning objectives.

Students shape study groups and socialize together
Increased opportunities for faculty/staff with student interaction

Enhanced opportunities for meeting students' social needs and facilitating social networks

Greater leadership and personal growth opportunities

Facilitates a platform for students to explore interpersonal skill-building and student engagement

Greater academic achievement
Stassen (2003)
1. Ability to be on a dining plan
2.Leadership opportunities
3.Location is close to campus
4.Ability to choose where you live
5.Academic support available
6.High speed Internet connection
Q & A
Thank you for your attention!
Chickering & Reisser (1993)
About Me
Housing work experience:
Assistant Community Director at Michigan State University, 2013-2014

Higher, Adult, Lifelong Education, MA,
Michigan State University, 2012-2014

What am I going to present today?
Why this topic is important?
Baker & Pomerantz (2001)
Student Athletes-
Created the opportunity for athletes to become more integrated into the general student body via programming.

International Students-
Built up the International Peer Program, pairing with returning students so that they can get through their transition better and built up meaningful relationship.

Watt, & Moore (2001)
Abe, Talbot & Gellhoed (1998)
Abe, J., Talbot, D. M., & Gellhoed, R. (1998). Effects of a peer program on international student adjustment. Journal of College Student Development, 39, 539-547.

Aleman, A. (1997). Understanding and investigating female friendship's educative value. Journal of Higher Education, 68, 11 9-159.

Astin, A. W. (1973). The Impact of Dormitory Living on Students. Educational Record.

Astin, A. W. (1993). What matters in college.

Ballou, R., Reavill, L., & Schultz, B. (1995). Assessing the immediate and residual effects of the residence hall experience: Validating Pace's 1990 study of on-campus and off-campus students. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 25, 16-21.

Baker, S., & Pomerantz, N. (2001). Impact of Learning Communities on Retention at a Metropolitan University. Journal of College Student Retention, 2(2), 115-26.

Blimling, G. S. (1993). The influence of college residence halls on students. In J. Smart (Ed.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research. Volume IX (pp. 248-307). New York: Agathon.

Chickering, A., & Reisser, L. (1993). The seven vectors: An overview. Education and identity, 43-52.

Cooper, D. L., Healy, M. A., & Simpson, J. (1994). Student development through involvement: Specific changes over time. Journal of College Student Development, 35, 98-102.

Educational Benchmarking, Inc. (2002). Predictors of overall satisfaction for ACUHOI/EBI college housing studies: Changes over time. College and University Housing Perspectives (E-news). Received October 11, 2002 from http://www.webebi.com/Research/ACUHO/Enews/Trends/Trends.htm

Li, Y., Sheely, M. C., & Whalen, D. F. (2005). Contributors to residence hall student retention: Why do students choose to leave or stay. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 33(2), 28-36.

Luna, A. (1998). Measuring both importance and satisfaction to achieve a greater understanding of residence hall life. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 27(1), 25-33.

Pascarella, E. T., & Terenzini, P. T. (1991). How college affects students (pp. 3-7). K. A. Feldman (Ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Popovics, A. J. (1989). Reasons for satisfaction and dissatisfaction with campus housing at an undergraduate school for women. College Students' Journal, 23, 359-360.

Schroeder, C. C, & Mable, R (1994). Residence halls and the college experience: Past and present. In C. Schroeder & R Mable (Eds.), Realizing the educational potential of residence halls (pp. 3-21). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Stassen, M. L. (2003). Student outcomes: The impact of varying living-learning community models. Research in higher education, 44(5), 581-613.

Thomas, S. L. (2000). Ties that bind: A social network approach to understanding student integration and persistence. The Journal of Higher Education, 7?, 591-615.

Tinto, V. (1993). Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of students attrition (2nd ed.). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Twale, D. J., & Damron, J. (1992). The quality of residence life at Auburn University-An environmental assessment study. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 22(2), 14-18.

Watt, S. K., & Moore, J. L. (2001). Who are student athletes?. New Directions for Student Services, 2001(93), 7-18.
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