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Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi

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by

Henry Abramson

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi

Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi
The Alter Rebbe

The "Opponents"
Youth
Legacy
Dr. Henry Abramson
The Tumultuous Turn
of the 19th Century
Origins of Hasidism
Economic Aspects
ChaBad
Major Publications
Controversy
Imprisonment
Leadership
Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, "The Alter Rebbe"
(1745-1812)
Rabbi Aryeh Citron
BeShT
Magid of Mezerich
Schneur Zalman of Liadi
The Vilna Gaon, 1720-1797
Issues:
Fear of Sabbateanism
Antinomianism: Prayer, kosher slaughter, etc.
Attitude to learning; role of the Rebbe

Traditional rabbinic education, showed early promise

Married Sterna, devoted wife

Exposed to teachings of the Magid of Mezerich, impressed with harmonization of mystical and rational elements of Lithuanian-style Hasidism

"In Vilna you are taught how to master the Torah; in Mezerich you are taught how to let the Torah master you."
Despite youth, rose to position of prominence in rapidly expanding Hasidic movement

Tempted to emigrate to Israel, but acquiesced to followers to remain

Acknowledged erudition considered invaluable for positioning in Lithuania
1. Siddur
2. Shulhan Arukh
3. Tanya
Tendency of mitnagdic-hasidic controversy to erupt around publication dates
Unauthorized editions
Argument over doctrinal positions
1797 passing of Vilna Gaon

Mutual misunderstandings

Rabbi Schneur Zalman arrested 1798
Charges: espionage and treason

Highly unusual interrogations

Released after 53 days on 19 Kislev
The Rapprochement
Full transcript