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Japan and Indonesia

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kevin samudra

on 27 February 2017

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Transcript of Japan and Indonesia

Indonesia and Japan
1941 - Japan launches a surprise attack on US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. US and main allies declare war on Japan.

1942 - Japan occupies succession of countries, including Philippines, Dutch East Indies, Burma and Malaya. In June, US aircraft carriers defeat the Japanese at the Battle of Midway. The US begins a strategy of "'island-hopping", cutting the Japanese support lines as its forces advance.

1944 - US forces are near enough to Japan to start bombing raids on Japanese cities.

1945 - US planes drop two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August. Emperor Hirohito surrenders and relinquishes divine status. Japan placed under US military government. All Japanese military and naval forces disbanded.

1945 - US planes drop two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August. Emperor Hirohito surrenders and relinquishes divine status. Japan placed under US military government. All Japanese military and naval forces disbanded.

1947 - New constitution comes into force, establishes parliamentary system with all adults eligible to vote. Japan renounces war and pledges not to maintain land, sea or air forces for that purpose. Emperor granted ceremonial status.

1951 - Japan signs peace treaty with US and other nations.

1952 - Japan regains independence. US retains several islands for military use, including Okinawa.

1955 - Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) formed. Apart from brief interludes, party governs into 21st century.

1956 - Japan joins United Nations.
Indonesia's Timeline
1151 - portugese came

1602 - Dutch entered indonesia through banten under the rule of Cornelius de Houtman

1602 - Dutch wanted to take over the indonesia’s market in spices by building Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) in banten

1800 - VOC was dismissed

1670-1900 - Dutch colonists bring the whole of Indonesia under one government as the Dutch East Indies.

1980 - Budi Utomo was formed

1928 - A youth conference pledges to work for "one nation, one language, one people" for Indonesia.

1942 - Japan invades Dutch East Indies. They surrendered unconditionally through the kalijati agreement

1945 - BPUPKI was created in order to help indonesia in their independence

1945 - 1 day before the independence, soekarno was kidnapped and this event was called the rengasdengklok.

1945 - The Japanese help independence leader Sukarno return from internal exile and declare independence.

1949 - The Dutch recognise Indonesian independence after four years of guerrilla warfare.
How Japan and Indonesia achieved Independence
Indonesia achieved independence after hundreds of years of being conquered by other countries such as Netherlands and Japan. Indonesia had to fight for its independence. It's last fight was against the Dutch and had to go through 4 years of guerrilla warfare to defeat them
Japan's Timeline
Ir.Soekarno
Hirohito
Hirohito was the emperor that led Japan during WW2

He was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death on January 7, 1989

Soekarno was the 1st president of Indonesia

He declared Indonesia's independence on 17 august 1945

He was the first to invent the concept of Pancasila as Indonesia's ideology which is still used till this day

He ruled for 22 years before passing away on the 21 of June 1970 at the age of 69
Emperor Hirohito did not affect the liberation of Japan in any way
Governments before and after WW2
How WW2 affected each country
Economy after WW2
Japan
New Constitution
The emperor was only given ceremonial status
More power in the parliamentary system
Emperor was the supreme ruler
Emperor was head of state
Prime Minister was the actual head of government
Dutch controlled the Indonesia’s government
They can’t really do anything




On the 21st century, indonesia rose to be the largest economy in southeast asia

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