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Copy of Copy of Pollution in Kazakhstan

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by

Bako Alibekova

on 9 March 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Pollution in Kazakhstan

In Balkhash copper is produced without purification and utilization of disulphide. The main polluting substances are the following: dust, sulphur and nitrogen dioxides, etc.
The car pollution in Almaty is one of the most serious problems in the city. There are so many cars and many cars are old and make so much smoke.

The problem is that the city is located on a hillside and this slope leads the winds in the direction where there are mountains and can’t pass. People of Almaty go to the countryside and the mountains during weekend to catch up a little fresh air and clean out the lungs.


Air pollution eats life
Kazakhstan, like other former Soviet Republics, inherited a number of serious environmental problems. Air pollution is one of these serious problems.
Threatened species include the argali, Aral salmon, great bustard, snow leopard, and tiger. The mongolian wild horse has recently become extinct in the wild.


The Caspian Sea is in serious environmental danger. Iran has a small share from polluting point of view. Russians are the greatest polluters. They create 80% of the Caspian pollution. After that, Azerbaijan is producing some of the worst kinds of pollutions. Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan are after Azerbaijan in the pollution production.
Pollution in Kazakhstan

Air Pollution
77.94
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility
42.65
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal
70.83
Dirty and Untidy
63.89
Noise and Light Pollution
40.28
Water Pollution
56.94
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City
63.24
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City
31.94

The most high level of air pollution is registered in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Almaty, Zyryanovsk, Aktau, Shymkent, Taraz, Petropavlovsk and Temirtau. One of the problems in Balkhash is air pollution by disulphide.
Pollution in Kazakhstan
Scientists estimate that each year an average of 60,000 metric tons of petroleum byproducts, 24,000 tons of sulfites, 400,000 tons of chlorine and 25,000 tons of chlorine are dumped into the sea.
Effects on Kazakhstan
Mortality rate increased from 8.1 in 1991 to 10.2(up by 20.6%)
Higher morbidity rates have been linked to increasing incidences of conditions such as respiratory disease, nervous system and sensory organ disturbances, gastrointestinal disease, and
circulatory disease.
For example, birth
rates decreased
from 19.9 in 1992 to
14.9 in 1997 (down by 25.2)
Pollution has been found to have a chronically damaging impact on the health of the general population of Kazakhstan (cancer, respiratory
diseases, damage of organs and systems, reduction of total
resistance, and cardio-vascular diseases)
In the areas where pollution is the most severe, 11 species of mammals and 19 species of birds and insects are already extinct. As of 2001, 15 mammal species, 15 bird species, 5 types of freshwater fish, and 36 species of plant are listed as threatened.

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