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Transcript of French
MARIANNE SYMBOLE DE LA REPUBLIC
Is a national symbol of the French Republic a personification of liberty and reason and a portrayal of the goddess of liberty.she symbolizes the triumph of the republic.
Marianne is displayed in many places in France and holds a place of go out in town halls and law courts .revolutionaries often contained a reference to a certain Marianne wearing a Phrygian cap . The pretty girl of the legend inspired the Revolutionaries and looked after those wounded in many battles across the country. That's were they found there name .
LA MUSEE DE LOUVRE
The louvre is the worlds largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris France.
It is a central landmark . In 2016 it was the most visited art museum, receiving 7.3 million visitors
It is housed in the louvre palace originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip 2 . Louis XVI chose the palace of Versailles for his household leaving the louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection . During the French Revolution the National Assembly decreed that the louvre should be used to display the nations masterpieces. During the Revolution the louvre was transformed into a public museum. In may 1791 the assembly declared that the louvre would be a place for bringing together monuments of all the sciences and arts. On 10 august 1792 Louis XVI was imprisoned and the royal collection became national property . Because of fear of vandalism on 19 august the national asssembly prounounced the prepation as urgent . In October a commitee began assembling the collection for display .
CAUSES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
There was political conflict between the monarchy and the nobility over the reform of the tax system.
The financial strain of servicing old debt and the excess of the current royal court caused dissatisfaction with the monarchy, contributed to national unrest , and culminated in the French Revolution of 1789. the French king from 1774 to 1792 who was removed during the French Revolution and executed in 1793. Louis XVI inherited the debt problem left by his grandfather,louis XV
French Revolution began in 1789 and reached it climax in 1793
FLAG OF FRANCE
Early in the French Revolution , the Paris militia wore a cockade of blue and red, the city traditional colors. According to French general white was the ancient French color and was added to the cockade to create a tricolour . A modified design by jaques Louis David was adopted in 1794 the tricolor was brought back after the July revolution and has been used ever since 1830 .
Last queen of France before the French Revolution , she was only 14 when she married Louis XVI , she had 4 kids . A lot of gossip targeted Maria Antoinette ,circulated newspapers spread outlandish there was even pornographic rumors about her , before long it had became fashionable to blame Marie for all France problems.
In fact, The nations problems were not the queens fault ,18th century colonial wars partially the American revolution, in which the the French had intervened on behalf of the colonists had created a tremendous debt for the French state. The people that owned most of France property like the Catholic Church and nobility did not have to pay taxes. Louis XVI and his advisors tried to impose a more representative system of taxation but the nobility resisted. Conditions also worsened for ordinary French people and many became convinced that the monarchy and the nobility were conspiring against them. Marie Antoinette continued to be a target they could use for there rage. Cartoonist described her as an Austrian white doing everything she could to undermine the French nation. In June 1791 it seemed to many there was proof that the queeen was not just a foreigner she was a traitor. After they put Louis XVI on trial for treason in July 1793 she lost custody of her young son who was forced to accuse of sexual abuse before revolutionary tribunal , in October she was convicted of treason and was executed at 37 years old .
LES DEPARTMENTS FRANCAISE
Before the French Revolution France gained territory gradually through the annexation.
Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a days ride of the capital of a department. The measure was inspired by the great terror during which the government had lost control.
The number of departments initially 83 increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the republic of the first French empire . It later on returned to it pre war size and the number reduced to 86 .
96 departments and 5 overseas.
CURRENCY IN FRANCE
In 1795 the Franc was decimilized by the French revolutionary convention 1franc=10 decimes =100 centimes
In 1999 the French franc was partially replaced by euro
In 2002 the euro became the official currency.
France is considered a moderetly free economy mixing private enterprise , state enterprise, and government intervention .
The Metric system
The first practical realization of the metric system came in 1799, during the french revolution when the existing system of measure, which had fallen into disrepute, was temporarily replaced by a decimal system based on the kilogram and the metre.
FRENCH ARMY WAS THE FORCE THAT FOUGHT THE FRENCH REVOLUTION WARS FROM 1792-1802
THE REVOLUTIONARY ARMIES SUCCESSFULLY EXPELLED FORGIVEN FORCES FROM FRENCH SOIL AND THEY OVER RAN MANY NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES.
It is the 3rd biggest city in France , it is know for being the biggest port in France
It was found by Greek sailors from the city of phoceee and was called masalia
It's citizens embraced the revolution sending 500 volunteers to defend Paris in 1792 .