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Civil War Women Spies

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Teya Franks

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of Civil War Women Spies

Union Spies Harriet Tubman
Sarah Emma Edmonds
Pauline Cushman
Elizabeth Van Lew
Mary Edwards Walker
Mary Elizabeth Bowser
Mary Touvestre CIVIL WAR WOMEN SPIES By Teya Franks Essential Question: Were there women spies during the Civil War? Guiding Questions: -What were the strategies and techniques that the women spies used?
-What were the consequences if they got caught?
-Were all of the spies dressed like women? Did they disguise themselves?
-Did they travel in groups or solo?
-Did women spies bring supplies to the soldiers?
-To whom did the women spies deliver information to? Did they have a commander? First Question: What were the strategies and techniques that women spies used? Answer: 1)Disguising weapons, such as guns, in a tube of lipstick
2)Looking beautiful so that men would give up information
3)Hiding messages in another woman's hair (bun)
They also seemed more motherly and therefore more trustworthy. Women had three major strategies that men could not pull off: Second Question: What were the consequences if the spies were captured? Answer: The punishments for getting caught could be: -Banishment
-Imprisonment (of the captive and/or her family
-Hanging (death) Third Question: Were all the women spies dressed like women? Did they disguise themselves? Answer: There were pros and cons in looking like a woman, and there were pros and cons of looking like a man. Some of the women wanted to look like men, some didn't and wanted to try to convince men to give up information by looking pretty. Some switched back and forth. It pretty much varied. They didn't have to do anything. It was the spy's choice. Fourth Question: Did they travel in groups or solo? Answer: The spies traveled by themselves, usually at night. But sometimes they would travel with other spies or enemy soldiers to gain information, or in the case of other spies, to exchange information. Fifth Question: Did the women bring supplies to or work for the soldiers? Answer: Sometimes the women would work for officers and soldiers as cooks, nurses, and other positions that women would have that wouldn't be conspicuous. But they were spies at the same time. For example, Harriet Tubman was working for the Underground Railroad while she was a cook, a nurse, and a spy for the Union. Last (sixth) question: To whom did women spies deliver information to? Did they have a commander? Who? One of the people that the women spies gave their information to was their commander, Lafayette Baker. He was the commander of both the male and female spies. Other people that recieved information from spies were generals in the army, agents that were to give out the information, and other spies. More Information About Women Spies -Belle Boyd (La Belle Rebelle) shot a Union soldier just because he had insulted her mother.
-Mary Touvestre was a freed slave in the Union navy. She worked as a servant for the Confederates, but was really a spy for the Union. She saved the Union navy by stealing the plans for their ironclad Virginia and, by doing so, reminded the Union navy to get a move on on their ironclad, the Monitor.
-Some spies were spying because they wanted the country to be free, but some of them had a paycheck and were just spying for the money.
-The best Union spies were the black men and women because they were able to sneak around pretending to be slaves while they gained information. If there were white people sneaking around, they would have gotten caught.
-Rose O'Neal Greenhow was put under house arrest, but was still able to get information in and out of her house. First, she used her 12-year-old daughter, until she was put under house arrest too because the person who arrested Greenhow, Allan Pinkerton, found out that she was using her. Then her agents brought her information that was supposed to be smuggled to generals in the war. Photos Union flag Confederate flag Belle Boyd Harriet Tubman Lafayette Baker Confederate Spies Belle Boyd
Rose O'Neal Greenhow
Nancy Hart
Antonia Ford
Laura Ratcliffe
Loreta Janeta Velazquez Answer: Video: Citations http://womenspies.blogspot.com/p/women-spies.html

http://www.defense.gov/News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=45683

http://www.americancivilwarstory.com/american-civil-war-spies.html#gallery[pageGallery]/1/
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