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Culture Information Systems and Digital Collections

Ideas for a public digital platform that provides open organized data concerning the culture of a country

Jose Murilo

on 26 November 2012

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Transcript of Culture Information Systems and Digital Collections

Culture Information Systems and Digital Collections In this last stage of process for the reform of the Brazilian Author’s Right Law, an important novelty was introduced by (ex)-Minister Ana de Hollanda.
(the Minister now is Marta Suplicy)

That is a proposal of a unified registry of works, aiming to establish a public database for authorship attribution, to be published as an open data platform. With the introduction of the unified registry of works as an open platform, there is an opportunity to implement:

(1) a set of public licenses, and

(2) an interoperable metadata model.
Is it a good moment for the development of a public protocol to support open integrated and qualified access to knowledge and culture? Those fundamental elements of the initiative -- the licenses and the metadata model -- are not included in the draft text of the act.

Our original proposal (by the Digital Culture Section) includes an open collaborative process to develop the licenses, which aims to incorporate specific aspects of the different sectors (music, video, books, etc.).

The main goal is to provide the rights holders the capabilities of easily defining specific levels of protection, and / or of fostering facilitate access to their works, at the moment of registration, according to their personal disposition. The platform for unified registry with public licenses is being designed to provide legal safety for authors and for producers seeking to explore new models of digital content distribution.

Thus, It will also be possible to generate the needed data for effective analysis of the different licenses and access models, providing valuable information for future investments in digital media applications and services. Here goes a key aspect of the proposal: THE GOVERNANCE MODEL for the unified registry database, which is designed for an open use by the society at large scale.

It should be designed in a multi-stakeholder format in order to facilitate an ongoing dialogue with the sectors directly involved in the use of the data.

In this sense, as a way to meet the concept of 'government as a platform’, the responsibility for decisions that affect the functioning of the ecosystem of applications must be shared by its main users.

The idea is to propose the creation of a new agency comprising a multi-stakeholder council to represent the myriad of interests related to this (what we would like to call) common pool of data. This proposal comes as result of an effort to reconcile social gains brought by the democratizing effects of the Internet, optimized by the access to information, with the due respect to author's rights over their works in digital forms over the net.

The principle is to integrate legal, technological and institutional elements in order to forge a capable arrangement of easy access to digital collections.

It is important for the unified registry platform to enable authorship attribution as a software feature, thus fomenting the emergence of new business models, as well as new provisions for the management of author's rights. Another principle that oriented the design process of the unified registry with public license was the broadly accepted conclusion that ACCESS CONTROL TO CONTENTS IS NO LONGER EFECTIVE, or even possible (or desirable), on the Internet.

In this era where contents are the more valued as they gain more visibility, we believe it is important to strengthen, legally and technically, the (1) authorship attribution and (2) the declaration of which rights the authors desire to be respected (licenses). In sum, new applications and services will be able to emerge from the establishment of this legal arrangement / technological model based on 'open data', be it for promotion, be it for monitoring the access to the content, according to the intention of its producers. How is Brazil's approach to Digital Culture unique?
And what can the rest of the world learn from it? LEADERSHIP: Minister of Culture and world musician Gilberto Gil -- who co-created such important mixed-culture innovations as the Tropicalia fusion movement in the 60s – brought his unique global voice to lead the government digital culture movement.

Later, Juca Ferreira, Gil’s like-minded second-in-command, followed him at the helm of the Ministry, resulting in 8 years (2003 -2010) of continuous program development.

Critically, there was also strong support from Brazil’s President Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, during this strategic period in the intersection of politics, technology and culture. FREE SOFTWARE: The Brazilian government as a whole, since 2003, has fostered a general public institutional atmosphere which advanced and implemented free software policies thus creating a favorable IT environment for understanding the fabrics of the Internet.

The 'Software Publico' (public software) program, developed by the Ministry of Planning, fostered the formation of communities of users of many different open source applications and programs, generating the right mood for adoption and investment inside public institutions. CULTURAL HOTSPOTS: A novel public program -- Pontos de Cultura / Cultural Hotspots – became a keystone to build upon and empower groups of artists to use digital technologies and free software to digitize their creativity, using alternative licenses (Creative Commons, Copyleft) to publish their content online which resulted in the emergence of innovative new cultural networks and linkages to the process of formulating policy.

An interesting example that emerged from an open conversation was the creation of the program Ação Griô (Griot Action), a sub-project designed to support the old masters of the oral tradition (the Griô *).

The interactions showed that we were not only dealing with a technological approach to culture. The reverse was also true -- the cultural approach to technology was capable of revealing the actual limitations and biases of the digital universe. OPENNESS, AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZED CULTURE OF USING IT: The initiative to create a digital culture department of the Ministry of Culture, as a specific 'locus' in a public institution, ready to receive, absorb and process the feedback from the diverse digital experiments of radical openness, through the intensive use of interactive interfaces, forums and collaborative platforms that promote open conversations on public policies and programs.

The CulturaDigital.br platform emerged initially as an open space and public place to support the Brazilian Digital Culture Forum. It was also anticipated to be the likely institutional location where the Digital Culture Department would function. The idea was to open a process that would poke and pull discourse and debate from the policy sectors that were showing digital impact: media, infrastructure, memory, art, economy.

The result was that the platform turned into a reference of general digital-related public policy (not only for the cultural sector), thus attracting connection with the core ongoing political processes that were formatting the Brazilian digital space located in various areas of the government. DIGITAL CULTURE IS A GLOBAL MOVEMENT

Digital culture took off in Brazil because it arrived at an opportune moment and was amplified by powerful personalities. There was sort of a crack in the institutional shell that opened and gave birth to an expanded narrative that brought broad awareness to the interconnectedness of culture, technology and politics. While there were clearly many elements that were uniquely Brazilian, many “attractions” were from the powerful novelties of a much more general movement.

Today, we see signs of digital culture initiatives and innovations all over the world. The difference that made such a difference in Brazil was an instance of public sphere openness that received warmly the movement’s messages, amplified, mixed and reverberated them to and fro, inside and out and gave us the special opportunity to be on the leading edge of world-changing events. Dancing (and wrestling) with the new connections has been our great challenge and great privilege ever since. The CulturaDigital.br, as an open space and public place, supported:

the open collaborative construction of a civil-rights based regulatory framework for the Internet, promoted by the Ministry of Justice

the participation in the 'Forum Brasil Conectado', through a 'political avatar' representing the network in the committee that evaluate the guidelines for the National Broadband Program, now hosted by the Ministry of Communications A public digital platform to provide open organized data concerning the culture of a country "Joint Programme on Culture between the European Commission and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil (2011-2014)," the National System of Information
and Cultural Indicators (SNIIC) "Open Data and Citizen Participation"
'social media' features
framework for identity management ("ID da Cultura")
interface for open collaboration with users (data crowdsourcing)
strong commitment with the open data model and protocols National Digitization Plan for Cultural Collections 1st articulated initiative for public Libraries, Archives and Museums
The goal is to implement a metadata architecture capable of integrating the many repositories, and to provide a platform that promotes the open development of apps and services on the digitized collections.
EDM (Europeana Data Model) and Linked Open Data Main Issues of Interest Metadata models for integration of various collections (libraries, archives and museums), focusing on open linked data (LOD-LAM) arrangements to provide integrated catalogues and foster innovative access services.
Arrangements for the inclusion of content licensing information in metadata architectures (micropayments ecossystem)
Arrangements for identity management (data maintenance, property rights and licensing, content recomendation, social participation) Digitization and Library Management Systems usability of library systems for end users (UX)
prototypes for surfacing library resources on the web (content enrichment, social bookmarking)
management of electronic resources (ERM)
open source platforms to foster institutional integration (CoCoCo, Dspace)
running community collection projects
new business models for digital content
technologies to create new forms of social inclusion and sustainable digitization The Hacker-Minister Grammy-awarded musician Gilberto Gil Pontos de Cultura
Cultural Hotspots a broadband connection;
digital multimedia infrastructure;
technical workshops on open-source audio and video-editing software, The idea is to enable the cultural groups to digitise their creativity and publish it under alternative licenses. The project mixes three things:
free software,
advanced concepts on copyrights, and
an awareness that the appropriation of technology by the people is the emergent social movement which supports the generative dynamics of the digital era. Digital Culture
Culture of Use The institution (the ministry) getting a hold of the many possibilities of interaction with its users

BLOGS, SOCIAL NETWORKS, INTERACTIVITY a permanent platform for policy design and for the facilitation of consensus through the broad participation of stakeholders from the state, the market, and from civil society. http://CulturaDigital.BR Prospecting and implementing innovative arrangements for access to digital content Art, Technology and Innovation Labs (Funarte - RNP)
Ecosystem for Digital Collections (SPC - PNBL) - Qualified access
Connected Digital Cinemas (SAV - RNP)
Platforms for Digital Video Networks (Cinemateca-EBC-RNP)
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