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Introduction to Music
Transcript of Introduction to Music
Part I: Elements of Music
Sound: Pitch, Dynamics, and Tone Color
Pitch: Highness or Lowness of Sound
*Often referred to as timbre.
The Firebird, Scene 2 - Igor Stravinsky
How do we listen to music?
Why should we listen to the music of previous generations?
Pitch Range (
do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do
C-Jam Blues - Duke Ellington
Performing Media: Voices and Instruments
*Voice - refers to any instrument used to produce sound in a musical setting; NOT just the human "voice"
The Human Voice
alto (or contralto)
The Magic Flute - Mozart
Queen of the Night Aria
- dramatic soprano
C.P.E. Bach: Magnificat in D major, Wq. 215 (Alto) [~32:00]
- from The Barber of Seville
Rossini: "La Calunnia" aria - bass
*Includes all instruments that utilize strings to produce sound.
*These instruments are played by plucking, striking, or bowing the strings.
Plucked Stringed Instruments
Bowed Stringed Instruments
Plucked String Instruments
Bowed String Instruments
"Eine kleine Nachtmusik" I. Allegro
Small String Orchestra
Concerto in Re -Vivaldi" - Allegro
"Corelli Guitar Consort
*Instruments that are made of wood and/or use a reed to produce vibrations.
*The pitch of these instruments are controlled by lengthening or shorten the instruments through the use of tone holes or keys.
Example of Woodwind Instruments
*There are many instruments included in these families. These instruments vary in size.
*Uses a single piece of wood (reed) against a mouthpiece. Forcing air between the reed and mouthpiece creates vibrations and produces sound.
*Uses two pieces of wood pressed against each other. Forcing air between the two reeds creates vibration and produces sound.
Toccata and Fugue in d-Moll
Thriller - Double Reed Ensemble
William Tell Overture - Clarinet Ensemble
J. S. Bach. Fugue in G minor Saxophone Quartet
*These instruments produce sound by the vibrations created by the musicians lips into a cup-shaped mouthpiece.
*The highness and lowness of the pitch depends on the speed of the vibrations. Faster vibrations result in higher pitches; Slow vibration result in lower pitches.
Example of Brass Instruments
*Similar to the woodwind instruments; each family of brass instruments come in a variety of size.
Festive Overture, Op.96
Vienna French Horn Ensemble
Festive Overture, Op.96
Definite Pitch - these instrument produce a definitive tone/pitch
Indefinite Pitch - these instruments produce a "noiselike sound"
Instruments that are struck to produce a sound.
Example of Percussion
Definite Pitch Indefinite Pitch
*timpani *snare drum
*glockenspiel *bass drum
Toccata & Fugue in d minor
*These include instruments that require electricity to produce sound.
"Jump" - Van Halen
The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra, Op.34 - Benjamin Britten