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Methods of socialization

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Brenda Montrose

on 10 November 2013

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Transcript of Methods of socialization

Methods of socialization
What is Socialization?
Socialization is the process of learning appropriate behavior from other people.
Parents
Teachers
Friends
Church members
Siblings
community members

Anyone that a child has contact with.
How are children socialized?
Children are socialized by six methods:
Affective
Operant
Observational
Cognitive
Sociocultural
Apprenticeship
Affective
Refers to emotions that emerges from a person to person interaction.

When people have a connection to others, they have an emotional tie that binds them together in space and can endure over time.
(Ainsworth, 1973, p1)
Who can socialize children?
Operant
Refers to producing an effect by:
Observation
Modeling is learning by watching others do a behavior.
Positive or negative reinforcements.
When you shape a behavior, you gradually have the child do more of the task until the child can accomplish the task independently.
Punishment of physical or psychological means or the temporary removal of pleasant stimuli.
Learning by doing

"I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, I do and I understand."
Chinese Proverb
Cognitive
Focuses on how a person processes information or how they abstract meaning from an experiences.

This can be done by instruction,
setting standards, reasoning,or by giving explanations, or causes for an act.
The probability that children will imitate a model is a function of their:
Attention
level of cognitive development
retention
type of activity being observed
motivation
ability to reproduce the behavior
repertoire of alternative behavior
Sociocultural
The sociocultural expectations can influence behavior by using group pressure, tradition, rituals, routines, and symbols.
Apprenticeship is learning a behavior from someone who has already mastered it. This can happen by structuring, collaboration or the transferring of information.
To know oneself is to study oneself in action with another person
Bruce Lee
Berns, R. (2010). Child, family, school, community. (8th ed., pp. 55-69). Belmont: Wadsworth. DOI: www.cengage.com/wadsworth
Shaping
Extinction
Extinction is when the adult quits paying attention to the behavior that is undesirable. When the behavior does not get the child what he/she wants, the child will usually try something else
Extinction is when the adult quits paying attention to the behavior that is undesirable. When the behavior does not get the child what he/she wants, the child will usually try something else.
Feedback is a powerful tool that adults can use to give either positive or negative information about the child's behavior. Telling a child "good job or try again" can go a long way to changing or encouraging a desired behavior.
Here is the fun stuff:
Please write a 1 to 2 paragraph journal entry about how you as a teacher can encourage socialization in the classroom.
Full transcript