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Westward expansion

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hayley myers

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Westward expansion

By: Hayley Myers & Cadie Malloy Westward Expansion Louisiana Territory (Purchase) The Alamo Between 1821- 1880 the Santa Fe Trail was mostly used for used as a highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe Missouri. From 1821- 1846 the trail was used as highway for American and Mexican traders. The Mexican- American war began in 1846, the Army of the West used the Santa Fe Trail to invade New Mexico. Lewis & Clark Expediton Lewis & Clark's expedition started in 1803, when the United States made the Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson asked Meriwether Lewis to guide an expedition to the west to find a water route to the Pacific ocean and to explore the newly bought land. Lewis then chose William Clark to be his co-captain of the expedition. Together they created a diverse military called the Corps of Discovery. On April 30, 1803 France sold 828,000 square miles of land to president Thomas Jefferson. France sold the land because after the French Indian wars France lost their grip on the Americas. The Louisiana Purchase stretched from the Mississippi River to the beginning of the Rocky Mountains. The Alamo was a abandoned mission located by San Antonio that later became an important battle site in the Texas revolution. Volunteers from the United States joined the Alamo's defense. On March 6th the Mexican battle attacked. The Alamo had lost the battle to the Mexican army, but overcame the Texans. All of the defenders of the Alamo were killed. Mountain Men The American Fur Company was started by a American merchant named John Jacob Astor. The American Fur Company bought their skins from fur traders and trappers who also were known as mountain men. Most mountain men often lived very dangerous lives, trapping their own animals far away from towns and settlements. Some mountain men were Jedediah Smith, Manuel Lisa, Jim Bridger, and Jim Beckwourth. Santa Fe Trail Oregon Trail The Oregon Trail is one of the most important events in American History. It was a 2,170 mile route from Missouri to Oregon.This route was the only known route to the West Coast sense Lewis & Clark's Expedition. The first emigrants to make the trip were Marcus and Narcissa Whitman in 1836. However, the first mass migration was in 1843, approximately 1,000 pioneers made the journey. Mormon Trail Mormon Trail started in 1846, over 70,000 Mormons had to leave their home town and start heading West because they were being faced with religious persecution. Since the Mormon Trail was close to the Oregon Trail it didn't change American history much, but it did bring a lot of people to the West. Manifest Destiny The Manifest Destiny was a belief that American settlers were destined to expand throughout the continent. In 1845 John L. O'Sullivan started this belief. Without the manifest destiny it wouldn't have pushed the Americas to move farther west, and America wouldn't be the size it is today. California Gold Rush In January of 1848 James Wilson Marshall discovered gold while constructing a saw mill. People abandoned their jobs for the gold fields. People from everywhere would travel to California to get their hands on the gold. When people heard the news of the Gold Rush in California, thousands of gold miners traveled to San Francisco. The California Gold Rush was one of the most significant events in American history during the first half of the 19th century. A total of 2 million dollars of metal was extracted from the area in the Gold Rush. Expanding West The Westward Expansion Started in 1803 when Thomas Jefferson made the Louisiana Purchase from France. The Louisiana Purchase was a big deal in America, because it meant more land to explore. The first people from America to explore into west were Lewis, Clark, and Corp Discovery. Later on several others joined the Westward Expansion such as, Mountain Men, The Alamo, Manifest Destiny, and more. Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal act took place in 1830. Many Native Americans lived in settlements from Georgia to Mississippi. But some people, including President Jackson and other political leaders wanted to use this land for American Farmers. In 1830 the Indian Removal Act took place, which was authorizing the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River and lands to the west. Second Great Awakening The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival that occurred in the late eighteenth until the middle of the nineteenth century, in the United States. It was very strong in the Northeast and Midwest. In the late 1700's many Americans did not regularly attend church service. Some thought that God did not play an important role in their everyday life, and others were too busy earning a living to have the time to worship. As a result from declining religious convictions, religious revivals were sponsored. Charles Finney was a very important person in the Second Great Awakening. Mexican- American War - Between 1846- 1848 Mexico and the United States went to war. This war transforming a new continent. Mexico had lost nearly all of its territory by the end of the war, which was present day California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico. After the war, the United States had became a continental power. This war had also marked the first armed conflict fought on foreign soil. The battle of San Jacinto was fought on April 21st, 1836, in present day Harris County, Texas. The battle was led by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army had defeated General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna's Mexican forces in a battle that lasted under 20 minutes. Around 630 Mexican soldiers were killed, and 700 captured, while only 9 Texans died. The president of Mexico, Santa Anna, was then captured the next day, and held as a prisoner of war. Three weeks later he signed the peace treaty, and it dictated that the Mexican Army had to leave the region. Battle of San Jacinto Texas Revolution The Texas Revolution began with the battle of Gonzales in October 1835. It was a political and military insurrection by settlers. Mexican forces attempted to crush the rebellion, but in the end they were defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto. Stephen F. Austin was imprisoned and that started the Texas Revolution. General Santa Ana gave permission for Americans settle in Texas, then overthrew the constitutional government and then declared himself dictator. Work cited "Texas Revolution". www.tshaoline.org. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. "Second Great Awakening". www.ohiohistorycentral.org. Web. 1 Jul. 2005. "War (1846-1848)" www.pbs.org. Web. 14 Mar. 2006. "Westwar Migration". www.nps.gov/oreg/. Web. 8 Mar. 2013.
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