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Paragraph Sandwich

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by

Karen Henry

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of Paragraph Sandwich

Anatomy of a sandwich Example Review The health of family and friends can be harmed by secondhand smoke. The smoke contains harmful chemicals. Terry Martin at About.com says that smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals, 200 of which are poisonous, and about 60 of which cause cancer. Secondhand smoke can also cause a number of diseases. The American Cancer Society lists heart disease, lung cancer, breast cancer, and emphysema as being caused by second hand smoke. Finally, secondhand smoke harms children. The Environmental Protection Agency points out that secondhand smoke is responsible for many breathing disorders children experience as well as middle ear infections. Clearly, secondhand smoke is harmful and people would do well to avoid it. Method for building paragraphs
by
Karen Collins What do you already know about paragraphs? Let's Review Take the Paragraph Quiz Quiz Answers Q 1: A paragraph is a series of sentences that focus on a single topic. Q2. A paragraph has 3 parts Q3. A paragraph contains a topic sentence,
a body, and a closing sentence. A paragraph is like a sandwich. A sandwich contains a top, filling, and a bottom. Similar to the sandwich, a paragraph has three main parts including a topic sentence, a body, and a conclusion. A paragraph does not perform it's function if it is missing any of it's components; just as a peanut butter & jelly sandwich looses it's charm if the bread or filling are missing. A topic sentence has two essential parts:
1. The TOPIC, which names the subject or
main idea of the paragraph
2. The CONTROLLING IDEA, which makes
a specific comment about the topic. The explanation tells how or why the controlling idea of the topic is true. Subject Controlling Idea Subject Controlling Idea Why is this true ? How is this true ? Explanation Explanation The Explanation The Topic Sentence Subject Controlling Idea Why is this true ? How is this true ? Explanation Explanation Example Example The Example Examples provide the answers to the following questions:
who? which one? where? when? how many? who? which one? where? when? how many? who? which one? where? when? how many? Here is where we incorporate the use of sources such as journal articles, documents, books, etc...so we can provide specific examples of the main point. This paragraph is all about me! This paragraph describes someones opinion of me! The Conclusion Concluding sentences have three crucial roles in paragraph writing.
They filter together the explanations and examples to reiterate your controlling idea by: Subject Controlling Idea Why is this true ? How is this true ? Explanation Explanation Example Example who? which one? where? when? how many? who? which one? where? when? how many? all in all, altogether, certainly, clearly, consequently, definitely,due to,

in conclusion, indeed, in fact, obviously,

surely, therefore, thus, to sum up,

ultimately, overall,

truly Conclusion summarizing the explanations and examples.
repeating words or phrases linking the examples to the controlling idea
qualify the information Anatomy of a paragraph sandwich The topic sentence Explanations Examples To build a paragraph sandwich you need all the ingredients Subject Controlling Idea Topic It's all about me! This paragraph is all about someones opinion of the subject! Why is this true ? Explanation How is this true ? Explanation Example who? which one? where? when? how many? all in all, altogether, certainly, clearly, consequently, definitely,due to,

in conclusion, indeed, in fact, obviously,

surely, therefore, thus, to sum up,

ultimately, overall,

truly Conclusion 1. What is the definition of a paragraph? 2. How many components does a paragraph contain? 3. Name the components of a paragraph. Anonamus. (2011, December 23). Developing Body Paragraphs. Retrieved from http://www.english-utah-us.org
Cage, K. (2004). How to structure a paragraph. Auckland.
King, S. (2000). On Writing: The Memoir of the Craft. New York: Pocket Books.
Strunk, W. (1918). Elements of Style: The Original Addition. New York: Kindle Edition.
University of Sidney. (2012). 5. Concluding sentences - Page 1. Retrieved from The Write Site: http://writesite.elearn.usyd.edu.au/m3/m3u2/m3u2s5/m3u2s5_1.htm Thanks to all these really good people 2013
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