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Influence of leadership styles of principals in schools

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Kazelyn de Castro

on 23 May 2014

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Transcript of Influence of leadership styles of principals in schools

Leadership Styles
Leadership is the process of influencing people to act for the accomplishment of specified objectives.
Establishing a positive relationship between principals and their teachers is a very important strategy in educational leadership.
Leadership practice of school principals not only affects teachers’ performance but also influences students’ achievements. The impact of principals on students’ achievements is not as direct and obvious as that of teachers; nonetheless, principals affect student’s achievement through their teachers by motivating teachers to be effective educators. Reaching a high level of achievement for students is a result of a positive interaction between teachers and principals. 
Laissez-Faire Leadership Style
Autocratic Leadership Style
In most cases, what the principal does is management. It is concerned with the running of the school system.
There is no significant influence of laissez-faire leadership styles on students’ academic achievement. Principals who use this style tend to fail to follow up on those they have delegated tasks to and consequently performance declines. They leave everything to the mercy of their teachers or partners, some of who may lack the necessary skills and competence to execute the work. Others may simply not like to work unless they are supervised. The groups were unproductive if their supervisors avoided exercising control over their subordinates. This indicates that laissez-faire leadership style allows neglect and lack of follow up on activities, which may water down concerns towards effective academic achievements. Laissez-faire leadership style is not the best style to use in a school organization because complete delegation without follow up mechanisms may create achievement problems, which are likely to affect the schools’ effectiveness. Laissez faire leadership is associated with the highest rates of truancy and with the slowest modifications in performance which leads to unproductive attitudes and disempowerment of subordinates. This style may work well when trying to build team harmony, increase morale, and improve communication or repairing broken trust among staff.
Democratic Leadership Style
Democratic leadership style influences students’ academic achievement positively. Democratic leadership styles affected students’ academic achievement and general school performance positively, because it motivated teachers to work with principals to achieve school objectives. Principals allowed teachers to take initiatives so as to improve student academic achievement. Through supporting and encouraging team work, good cooperation, good remuneration of all staff, motivation of staff and students. For a democratic oriented principal to perform better there must be good management who are eager to implement strategies that would lead to a good academic achievements and also a collaborative arrangement in decision making across all level in the school should be made available.
Autocratic Leadership Style
Influence of Leadership Styles of Principals in Schools
Kazelyn R. De Castro
A leader is a person who motivates a group of people to achieve its tasks and maintain team unity throughout the process.
Teachers’ view of principals’ leadership practices may have a direct impact on their performance and help improve students’ achievement.
Creating a positive leader-teacher relationship and interaction is an essential quality of educational leadership that principals can implement to motivate teachers to improve the effectiveness of their teaching practice.
In fact, school principals are solely responsible for acquiring necessary leadership competences to drive changes in their school’s performance.
The way teachers view principals’ leadership practices may determine the nature of the relationship between teachers and principals. In fact, teachers’ perceptions of principals’ leadership behaviors can provide a valid source of feedback principals can use to improve their leadership effectiveness. Furthermore, teachers’ perceptions of principals’ leadership behaviors contribute effectively to the process of selecting and recruiting principals for school leadership positions. Principals’ lack of essential leadership skills is one problem many school systems face. 
Educational leaders play important role with the intention to make teaching and learning more effective and to give quality education to students. Most educational experts consider administrators as the driving force and main source of the organizational development and academic growth of students.
Leadership style of a principal really depends on the leaders assumptions about human being, human nature and human learning. These assumptions consciously and unconsciously are the main foundation for decision making and choosing a leadership style.
Autocratic principal leadership style negatively influences academic achievement because they adopt harsh leadership style which are widely detested by the teachers and students alike. It implies that the more autocratic styles are used, the poorer it influences academic achievement. Principals who use strict control measures are likely to face students and teachers resistance and an increase indiscipline because the teacher and student tend to protest against dictatorial measures used. Students hate harsh administrators who make their academic record decline tremendously. Likewise, teachers do not want commanding authority. It makes them lose morale and they neglect their duty or even think of part-timing in other schools which increases the labour turnover. Autocratic leaders use force to get things done, this leads to low performance. They are too strict and they exert unnecessary authority which discourages teacher’s performance. They use a commanding language to ensure results. The autocratic leadership style cannot work in a school environment because it is too strict to ensure effectiveness.
Laissez-faire Leadership Style
Democratic Leadership Style
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