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TJ Martin

on 6 June 2014

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Communication Methods
Robert Owen
Issues with Utopian Societies
Brook Farm was a Utopian Society that prospered for two years. However, in the society young people had to do all the hard jobs. Many young people left which changed the society. The community later caught fire and burnt down.
Emerson spread thoughts through sermons, other forms of public address, public articles, and his lectures.
Boston's working class was targeted as part of this reform movement.
Issues with Transcendentalism
Transcendentalism
BY: TJ Martin (Henry Thoreau)
Leah Bernstein (Ralph Waldo Emerson)
Maggie Lejeune (Margaret Fuller)
and Matt Moran (Robert
Owen)
Definitions
Transcendentalism was a 19th Century philosophy that focused on the belief that nature is more important than the materialistic world.

Utopian Societies were "perfect" communities that were common in the 1840s. They were based of the ideals that nobody had any possessions, they shared everything.
A writer named Nathaniel Hawthrone wrote "The Blithedale Romance." The book criticized Transcendentalism.
Many transcendentalists opposed the law. Henry Thoreau for example, was thrown in jail when he opposed a poll tax. Many transcendentalists decided that if they disagreed with a law, they would simply not obey it. Obviously, this did not go over well with the majority of the outsiders.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
1803-1882 born in Boston
"Waldo"
Came from large and poor family, dad died when he was 8
after 1st wife died, left Church and started formulating Transcendentalist faith.
Known as leader of Transcendentalist Movement.
was for equal rights for everyone.
1st novel was "Nature".
"Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.”
Henry David Thoreau
Margaret Fuller
Early in the movements history, critics thought it was beyond sanity and reason.
Another society, Fruitlands, was a failure. In the society, they weren't allowed to eat animals. They also could not use animal products or labor. Not eating animals lead to a lot of sickness and many died or left the society. In January 1844, the community collapsed.
“This whole earth in which we inhabit is but a point is space.”
― Henry David Thoreau

“Very early, I knew that the only object in life was to grow.”
― Margaret Fuller
A major problem with utopian societies was that everyone had a different utopia. A perfect place for someone could be terrible for someone else.
Utopian Societies
AND

“Science does not know its debt to imagination.”
― Ralph Waldo Emerson
"Boldness and decision command, often even in evil, the respect and concurrence of mankind."
Robert Dale Owen

Given modern technology,
how would these reformers most likely communicate their message?
Well...
Ralph Waldo Emerson, the cool cucumber that he is, would have a facebook account...
Also, many thought it was an early form of socialism.
Reformers!
came from a Unitarian family
First introduced to Transcendentalism in 1836 by Emerson
Held "conversations" for women to attend
Helped found "The Dial" with Emerson and others
famous essay, "The Great Lawsuit: Man vs. Men and Woman vs. Women" (later became "women in the 19th Century)
Became editor of "The Tribune"
And Margaret Fuller would have a Twitter account...
margaretfuller Margaret Fuller
Got back from the West and almost finished my newest book Summer on the Lakes.
#writing
1844

margaretfuller Margaret Fuller
Just helped found The Dial with Emerson and some other great minds. Stuck with the editors job.
1840

margaretfuller Margaret Fuller
I am about to attend my first Transcendentalist meeting. Can’t believe Emerson talked me into this.
#nervous
1838

margaretfuller Margaret Fuller
Expanded my essay on The Great Lawsuit… into Women in the 19th Century. Excited to see how people react!
#womens rights
1845

henrythoreau Henry Thoreau
Like spending time in the forest and being one with nature.

ralphemerson Ralph W. Emerson
I am considered one of the most important Transcendentalist of my time.

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I am a big supporter to the transcendentalist movement and love to write about things going on in the world.

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margaretfuller Margaret Fuller
Just finished my manuscript on the Italian Revolution. Getting on the boat to come back to America!
#coming_home
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2 people like this

Margaret Fuller replied with: If you need anyone to talk to…

Ralph Waldo Emerson changed his relationship status from “in a relationship” to “single” and unliked The 2nd Church
February 1831

Ralph Waldo Emerson created the group “Transcendentalist Club”
September 1836

Ralph Waldo Emerson I wish we could all get along like we used to in middle school. I wish I could bake a cake filled with rainbows and smiles and everyone would eat and be happy.
April 1836

Margaret Fuller, Henry D. Thoreau, and 10 others joined the group “Transcendentalist Club”

Ellen

Ralph Waldo Emerson Thanks for the support, everyone! Just sold 500 copies of the new book Nature!
1836

Amos

Robert

Brook

Henry

Margaret

Friends

Networks:
America!
Birthday:
May 25, 1803
Interests
Transcendentalism
Hometown:
Boston, Mass.

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Current Location: Concord, Mass.

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The Transcendentalist Club
Updated two months ago

2 Albums

Selfies
Updated last Tuesday

Activities: Writing essays and poems, Leading the Transcendentalist movement, lecturing (not to brag or anything, but I have done more than 1,500 lectures across the US!)
Interests: Writing, lecturing, Transcendentalism, Individuality, abolition, freedom, nature
Favorite Jam: Mozart’s Symphony no. 40
My well-known Essays: Self-Reliance, The Over- Soul, The Poet, Experience, and of course, Nature

Networks: America!
Sex: Male
Birthday: May 25, 1803
Hometown: Boston, Massachusetts
Relationship Status: Married to Lydian Jackson
Political/ Religious Views: Transcendentalism, yo
Current Location: Concord, Mass.

Photos

Networks:
America!
Birthday:
May 25, 1803
Interests:
Transcendentalism
Hometown:
Boston, Mass.

Information

Basic Information

Boxes

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Info

Wall

Poke message

Send Waldo a message

View photos of Waldo (5)

Logout

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Boxes

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Ralph Waldo Emerson is preparing a lecture at Harvard University

facebook

Personal Information

Profile Pictures
1 photo

The Transcendentalist Club
5 photos

Selfies
5 photos

Waldo’s Albums 2 Photo Alums

Photographs of Waldo 5 Photos

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Ralph Waldo Emerson

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A utopian society called New Harmony was successful for 3 years. It failed due to the overwork of citizens since all people had to work equally.
2 people like this

Margaret Fuller replied with: If you need anyone to talk to…

Ralph Waldo Emerson changed his relationship status from “in a relationship” to “single” and unliked The 2nd Church
February 1831

Ralph Waldo Emerson created the group “Transcendentalist Club”
September 1836

Ralph Waldo Emerson I wish we could all get along like we used to in middle school. I wish I could bake a cake filled with rainbows and smiles and everyone would eat and be happy.
April 1836

Margaret Fuller, Henry D. Thoreau, and 10 others joined the group “Transcendentalist Club”

Ellen

Ralph Waldo Emerson Thanks for the support, everyone! Just sold 500 copies of the new book Nature!
1836

Amos

Robert

Brook

Henry

Margaret

Friends

Networks:
America!
Birthday:
May 25, 1803
Interests
Transcendentalism
Hometown:
Boston, Mass.

Information

Share

Write something…

Boxes

Photos

Info

Wall

Poke message

Send Waldo a message

View photos of Waldo(5)

Logout

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Boxes

Flair

Photos

Wall

Ralph Waldo Emerson is preparing a lecture at Harvard University

facebook

Current Location: Concord, Mass.

Contact Information

The Transcendentalist Club
Updated two months ago

2 Albums

Selfies
Updated last Tuesday

Activities: Writing essays and poems, Leading the Transcendentalist movement,
lecturing (not to brag or anything, but I have done more than 1,500 lectures across the US!)
Interests: Writing, lecturing, Transcendentalism, Individuality, abolition, freedom,
nature
Favorite Jam: Mozart’s Symphony no. 40
My well-known Essays: Self-Reliance, The Over- Soul, The Poet, Experience, and of course, Nature

Networks: America!
Sex: Male
Birthday: May 25, 1803
Hometown: Boston, Massachusetts
Relationship Status: Married to Lydian Jackson
Political/ Religious Views: Transcendentalism, yo
Current Location: Concord, Mass.

Photos

Networks:
America!
Birthday:
May 25, 1803
Interests:
Transcendentalism
Hometown:
Boston, Mass.

Information

Basic Information

Boxes

Photos

Info

Wall

Poke message

Send Waldo a message

View photos of Waldo (5)

Logout

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Boxes

Flair

Photos

Wall

Ralph Waldo Emerson is preparing a lecture at Harvard University

facebook

Personal Information

Ralph Waldo Emerson is preparing a lecture at Harvard University

Profile Pictures
1 photo

The Transcendentalist Club
5 photos

Selfies
5 photos

Waldo’s Albums 2 Photo Alums

Photographs of Waldo 5 Photos

Boxes

Photos

Info

Wall

Logout

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Boxes

Flair

Photos

Wall

facebook

Henry Thoreau's would have made an Instagram.
Transcendentalism
Utopian Societies
Robert Owen would have a blog...
http://robertowen123.blogspot.com/2013/05/biography-of-me-robert-owen.html
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Henry David Thoreau

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Born on July 12, 1817 in Concord, Massachusetts.
Statistics
Over 100,000 men and women across America searched for Utopian Societies from 1820-1860
More than 80 Utopian societies were set up in the 1840's
The longest lasting utopian community are the Shakers, they were founded in the 18th century and some still exist today

Attended the university of Harvard.
Wrote the famous novel Walden
Wrote another famous novel called Civil Disobedience
One of his famous quotes is, "If a man does not keep pave with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however far away.
Robert Owen was born in 1771, Newton, Mid-Wales, but later moved and grew up in London
He was incredibly smart for his age and was considered a pupil-teacher at age seven.
He eventually was introduced to the cotton industry by Ernest Jones and there, marked the beginning of the utopian trials for him.
His first few steps of this movement, was improving the mills he owned, and creating a better environment with a miniature government, he created plans for his ideas on utopias.
He made the community New Harmony, which failed after 3 years, and where it was later turned into a regular town and tourist attraction by his son.
Thoreau wrote and presented a number of lectures. Some were on Transcendentalism, but many were also on Abolition. Thoreau also wrote many books about his beliefs and Transcendentalism.
Over 100,000 men and women across America searched for Utopian Societies from 1820-1860
More than 80 Utopian societies were set up in the 1840's
The longest lasting utopian community are the Shakers, they were founded in the 18th century and some still exist today
Transcendentalism was greatly influenced by European philosophy
Concept started as a protest against the general state of culture and society
For example: a tree would no longer be a tree, it was an organic being coexisting with the observer (human)
Fuller held seminars for women to attend discussing many topics including transcendentalism.
Robert Owen lectured about his new plot of land in Indiana, and encouraged people to settle there.
Another problem with utopias were the fact that they took individualism away from the citizens. If everyone had to conform to certain laws and live in the same conditions, then life would be repetitive and boring.
Facts and Stats, yo
Henry Thoreau has a hot and spicy Insta
hot and spicy!
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