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Hot Topic Presentation

N4300 Fall 2013

Summer Alexander

on 14 October 2013

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Transcript of Hot Topic Presentation

By: Summer Alexander, Tyler Tate, Chelsey Tayon, Melissa Spurling
Prevention of
Youth Violence

Background of Youth Violence
Adolescents and young adults, ages 10-24, make up 21%
of the United States population
Out of the CDC's top 5 leading causes of death among youth, the top three can be attributed to violence
In 2011, more than 707,000 youth between the ages of 10-24 were treated in emergency departments for injuries sustained by violence. This accounted for 16 billion dollars in medical and work loss costs!
Among 10 to 24 year-olds, homicide is the leading
cause of death for African Americans; the second
leading cause of death for Hispanics; and the third
leading cause of death American Indians and Alaska

Health Disparities Among Youths
Homicide rates in 2010 among non-Hispanic, African-American males 10-24 years of age (51.5 per 100,000)
exceeded those of Hispanic males (13.5 per 100,000)
and non-Hispanic, White males in the same age group
(2.9 per 100,000).
Violence Effects Mental Health
Reasons That Youth Violence is a "Hot Topic"
Who is Affected By Youth Violence
One in four middle and high school students from around the U.S. report being a victim of violence at or around their school
Youth violence and crime are directly tied to the economic health, quality of health, and potential growth of a community.

For example: Reduced investment in community resources, including parks, recreation facilities, and food-related resources interferes with the growth of social capital and infrastructure that promotes healthy living.
Violence leads to:
physical inactivity
increased use of unhealthy food options d/t decreased access to healthy food choices
Parental restriction of children in relation to outdoor and extracurricular activities
Youth violence leads to unproductive community members and inability to develop in the workforce if they unable to learn.
Approximately 5% of high school students in the U.S. report that they did not go to school on one or more days because they felt unsafe.
8% report being threatened or injured by a weapon on school property
11% report being in a physical fight at school
20% of high school students report that they have been bullied at school

Positive early care and education
Adequate parenting skills
Positive youth leadership
Peer mentoring (i.e. Big Brothers, Big Sisters Program)
Street outreach programs (i.e. Chicago Cease Fire initiative)
Successful re-entry by having development of coping and behavioral skills
#3: Identify and Change Thinking...
Strong advocates to change the norms and behavior of high-risk youths. These change agents would act as mentors to many clients and see them multiple times a week.
#4: Changing the Norms of the Community...
To have lasting change, norms in the population have to be modified to discourage violence. Norms are changed if new norms are consistently heard and promoted.
Ways to Impact Youth Violence as a Public or Community Health Nurse
Evidence-Based Interventions
Violence Effects Learning
Violence creates stress and anxiety among children, affecting their ability to concentrate and focus on learning
Violence leads to decreased attendance related to fears of violent acts either before, during, or after school
Violence creates an environment of restrictiveness and fear that interferes with the learning process and encouragement of exploration and creativity
Violence also takes up resources to assure student and building safety/security and address discipline issues, resources that could otherwise be invested in academic agenda
Youth who are exposed to violent acts are at a higher risk of PTSD, MDD, and substance abuse
77% of children exposed to school shootings, and 35% of urban youth exposed to community violence develop PTSD as compared to 20% of soldiers deployed to combat areas in the last 6 years
Mental Health


Chronic Illness
Chronic Illness Associated with Violence
Children of mothers experiencing IPV have a two-fold increased risk of developing asthma than those not exposed
Disorders that are associated with youth experiencing violence:
Heart Disease/HTN
GI Disturbances (i.e. Ulcers)
Neurological & Musculoskeletal diseases
Lung disease (i.e. COPD, Asthma, etc.)
Individuals and Their Families
Thank you for viewing
Presented by: "The Future Nurses"
#1: Treat violence as an epidemic...
If violence could be understood through the lens of contagion as a disease, it can be treated and prevented as one
#2: Interrupt Transmission...
Deploy violence interrupters to locate potentially lethal, ongoing conflicts and respond with a variety of conflict mediation techniques
CDC. (2012). Fact sheet: understanding youth violence. Retrieved from http://cdc.gov/violenceprevention

Prevention Institute. (2011). Fact sheets: links between violence and chronic diseases, mental illness and poor learning. Retrieved from http://preventioninstitute.org

Prevention Institute. (2008). Overview of the UNITY Roadmap: A Framework for Effective and Sustainable Efforts. In UNITY roadmap. Retrieved from http://preventioninstitute.org/UNITY.html

Slutkin, G. (2013). The model. Retrieved from http://cureviolence.org/what-we-do/the-model/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (10 April 2013). Injury and Violence. In Healthy people 2020. Retrieved from http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Adolescent Health. In Healthy people 2020. Retrieved from http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview/

Yello Dyno. (2007). Violent Kids. In Statistics. Retrieved from http://yellodyno.com/Statistics/statistics_violent_kids.html
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