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Criminal Minds

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lovely valbrun

on 9 December 2015

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Transcript of Criminal Minds

Criminal Minds
Ex-Convicts
Society’s reaction
* When they find a job people are timid around those of ex-offenders

* People question their safety

* People believe that ex-cons are corrupted and distraught

* Some ex-cons are not eligible for financial aid opportunities

* Denied voting right rights and educational opportunities

o In 2010 an estimated 5.85 million people in the United States (2.5% of the nation's voting age population, excluding DC) could not vote due to a felony conviction

* Discriminated against housing and jobs, making it hard for them to find shelter and employment

* People will never let you forget you committed a crime

* Many acquire tattoos while incarcerated giving them a negative persona when they enter society after being released

* Society believes that once you’re a convicted felon that it will more than likely happen again.

o 23% of ex cons return to prison Twenty-three percent of adults exiting parole in 2010 – 127,918 individuals – returned to prison as a result of violating their terms of supervision, and 9 percent of adults exiting parole in 2010 - 49,334 individuals - returned to prison as a result of a new conviction.8

* Felons are grouped together and judge accordingly no matter their conviction

o About 20 million people have a felony conviction in Amerika. That works out to about 1 in 12 adult Americans.

o Note, those numbers are for 2010. Looking at the growth rate trajectory, we are probably up to around 24 million people today in 2014 with a felony conviction. This means we are probably pushing 10% of the adult population today.
Convict
(noun): a person proved or declared guilty of an offense; a person serving a prison sentence
Statistics/Lifestyle
inmates come out of prison no better equipped for a life without crime than when they went in
Prison has not been proven as a rehabilitation for behavior, as two-thirds of prisoners will reoffend
Inner city crime prompted by social and economic isolation
Crime/drug arrest rates: African Americans represent 12% of monthly drug users, but comprise 32% of persons arrested for drug possession
"Get tough on crime" and "war on drugs" policies
Mandatory minimum sentencing, especially disparities in sentencing for crack and powder cocaine possession
In 2002, blacks constituted more than 80% of the people sentenced under the federal crack cocaine laws and served substantially more time in prison for drug offenses than did whites, despite that fact that more than 2/3 of crack cocaine users in the U.S. are white or Hispanic
"Three Strikes"/habitual offender policies
Zero Tolerance policies as a result of perceived problems of school violence; adverse affect on black children.
35% of black children grades 7-12 have been suspended or expelled at some point in their school careers compared to 20% of Hispanics and 15% of whites
African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population
African Americans are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites
African American and Hispanics comprised 58% of all prisoners in 2008, even though African Americans and Hispanics make up approximately one quarter of the US population
According to Unlocking America, if African American and Hispanics were incarcerated at the same rates of whites, today's prison and jail populations would decline by approximately 50%
One in six black men had been incarcerated as of 2001. If current trends continue, one in three black males born today can expect to spend time in prison during his lifetime
1 in 100 African American women are in prison
Nationwide, African-Americans represent 26% of juvenile arrests, 44% of youth who are detained, 46% of the youth who are judicially waived to criminal court, and 58% of the youth admitted to state prisons (Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice).

One of the most primary challenges ex-offenders face is trying to find stable employment out of prison
* People do not trust them

* Their face on a business can be bad for the business

* Need to find a job within first 2 months of release earning more than minimum wage

o A large, three-state recidivism study found that less than half of released prisoners had secured a job upon their return to the community

* Many lack high school diploma’s

o Two in five prison and jail inmates lack a high school diploma

* If they don’t find a job, many return back to prison

* After being denied the job opportunity, they lose their character, may turn to substance abuse,

* Lack confidence in themselves

* Denied a chance for an interview because of the questions on the job applications (are you, or have been convicted of a felon)
Civil Rights of a Felon
Employment Rights of a Felon
Convicted felons lose many of the civil rights depending on what state the felon lives in.
Voting
Traveling abroad
The right to bear arms or own guns
Jury service
Employment in certain fields
Public social benefits and housing
Parental benefits



Federal and state laws may prohibit them from working in certain industries or may prevent them from being able to obtain a license to work in others

Statutes at the state level vary
Fair Credit Reporting Act, employers are allowed to use criminal history when making hiring decisions.
state sets guidelines for which information is made available to employers.
Some states allow employers to utilize arrest records even if it did not result in a conviction and vice versa

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