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Conserving textile

Textile conservation lecture for a Conservation class in Iceland

Þuríður Harðardóttir

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of Conserving textile

Conserving Textile What is textile? The most basic definition of a textile is a material that has been fabricated by some type of weaving process (Bittner, E., 2004, 2) what is it made out of? All textiles are made of fibres.
There are three major factors that determine the final characteristics of any textile- the fibre form, the source of the fibre, and the method of constructing the final product
Animal Fibres
Plant Fibres
Man-Made and Metal Fibres deterioration forgotten Þuríður Elísa Harðardóttir conservation on field Light is usually the greatest threat to textiles and dyes photograph
lift with surrounding matrix
do not wash on site
black polythene box & Melinex
store in a cool place
call a conservator! storage what to look out for textile’s condition and size
methods 1 & 2 rolling storage flat storage example 1 silk cloth found during an excavation
good preservation and good on-site conservation
then cleaned with wet-cleaning, dried and fixed example 2 textiles preserved on bodies
found at Vác in a dominician church
example 3 child mittens found here in Iceland at Heynes and made out of Vaðmál exposure likely to survive in... waterlogged environment
anoxic environment
desiccated environments decay factors 1. organic
2. physical
3. chemical linen, cotton, wool, and silk professional conservation vacuuming
dry-cleaning thanks conclusions
utilizing basic knowledge about textile structure and deterioration can effectively preserve flat textile objects
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