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Effects of Music on the Body

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Maryclaire Baldon

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Effects of Music on the Body

By: Maryclaire Baldon The Effects of Music on the Body Music Ever wonder why people tend to listen to music, whether in a good mood, bad mood, or just bored? The Brain The Circulatory System The circulatory system includes the heart, blood vessels, and blood. The circulatory system delivers oxygen through the body to the individual body cells through the blood vessels. The Heart Heart Rate The Brain Well, music is known to soothe people, enhance emotions, trigger memories, and even strengthen immune systems. So how does music affect the body? The Brain However, music doesn't just magically have this affect on us. Music triggers our brain and heart to have these affects on our bodies. The brain is part of the nervous system, along with your spinal cord, and is located within the cranial cavity of your skull. The brain is about the size of a grapefruit and the shape of a walnut. It is made up of soft nervous tissue, and functions as the coordinating center of sensation and intellect. The brain is divided into two hemispheres; the right and left sides of the brain. The brain is also divided into smaller parts, which are called lobes; the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and the occipital lobe. An adult brain contains approximately 100 billion neurons (nerve cells) with branches that connect at many points. These neurons and branches make up a neuron forest. Signals that move through the neuron forest form the basis of memories, thoughts, and feelings. There are many different genres of music, such as pop, rock, R&B, country, jazz, classical, and heavy metal. Just like there are different types of music, music has different types of effects on our bodies. Music is sensed when sound waves of music travel through the ear canal and hit your ear drum. The information is sent to the temporal lobe of the brain, which is the part of the brain that specifies in hearing and memory. Listening to music is also thought to be a right brained activity, which is the part of the brain that deals with creativity. However, this is NOT TRUE. Listening to music is one of the most complex things you can do and involves so many areas of your brain that it cannot be categorized. FRONTAL LOBE
Planning and thinking
Rational control
Higher thinking and problem solving
Emotional system
Self-will and personality
Temporal memory (working memory) TEMPORAL LOBE
Sound and music
Face and object recognition
Long-term memory
Self-will and personality
Speech entered here on left side OCCIPITAL LOBE
Visual processing PARIETAL LOBE
Sense of direction (spatial orientation)
Calculation
Recognition Auditory cortex processes the pitch and volume of music
Frontal lobe and parietal lobe process the rhythm of music
Temporal lobe processes the tone of the music
Cerebellum processes the rhythm Arteries Carry blood away from the heart to the rest of the body
Oxygenated blood Veins Carry blood to the heart from the rest of the body
De-oxygenated blood Heart Keeps blood pumping throughout the body Heart Rate A heart rate is the speed at which a heart beats. When resting, your heart rate decreases
When exercising, your heart rate increases Music affects your heart rate depending on the tempo of the music. LEFT
Controls right side of brain
Deals with linear thinking (math, science, writing, language, logic) RIGHT
Controls left side of brain
Deals with holistic thinking (creativity, imagination, drawing, emotion, expression) CEREBELLUM
Controls motor movement coordination
Balance
Equilibrium
Muscle Tone Music stimulates the visual cortex of the brain, which cause us to conjure up images that match up with the music we are listening to. The temporal lobe of the brain is one of the main parts of the brain that associates with music. The temporal lobe is also the part of the brain that deals with long-term memory. When listening to music, we are able to remember it easily, whether it be the beat, lyrics or rhythm. If we associate a song to a memory, listening to the song could help to trigger the memory. Music affects our emotions by using the chemicals in our body, dependent on the tempo, melody, and even the phrasing of a song. For example, upbeat music stimulates the part of the brain that releases dopamine, the chemical released when exercising and eating. When listening to faster, upbeat music, the heart rate, as well as the breathing rate and blood pressure, increase. When listening to slow, meditating music, the heart rate, as well as the breathing rate and blood pressure, decrease. Due to its effects on heart rate, music is used as a type of therapy for physical and stress-relieving purposes, as well as physical rehabilitation. Music is used to help with physical wellness, pain alleviation and the reduction of high blood pressure. A decrease in heart rate means that the amount of oxygen delivered to the cells is also decreased. This is because the cells don't require as much oxygen to function when the body is in a relaxed state. An increase in heart rate means that the amount of oxygen delivered to the cells is also increased. This is because the cells need more oxygen for energy production. Music Therapy
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