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Transcript of The Iliad
Epic Story by Homer
Characteristics of the Iliad
>Represent role of the characters as a paradigm for mortals
>Heroes have their own 'Heroic Code' - Aim every hero to achieve honor
>Noted Homer's depiction of the godsy
Major and Minor
The gods and goddesses present in Iliad
Xanthus: God of the River
Iris: Messenger Goddess
Thetis: Sea-nymph, goddess of sea, mother of Achilles
Bronze Age (around the twelfth or thirteenth century B.C.); The Iliad begins nine years after the start of the Trojan War
Troy (a city in what is now northwestern Turkey) and its immediate environs
Agamemnon’s demand for Achilles’ war prize, the maiden Briseis, wounds Achilles’ pride; Achilles’ consequent refusal to fight causes the Achaeans to suffer greatly in their battle against the Trojans.
Hector’s assault on the Achaean ships; the return of Patroclus to combat; the death of Patroclus.
Achilles’ return to combat turns the tide against the Trojans once and for all and ensures the fated fall of Troy to which the poet has alluded throughout the poem.
The retreat of the Trojan army; Achilles’ revenge on Hector; the Achaeans’ desecration of Hector’s corpse.
The funeral of Hector.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
The Wrath of Achilles
Glory and Honor are everything
Women play important roles in motivating & shaping future
Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.
The Shield of Achilles
The Achaean Ships