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The Iliad

The characteristics of Iliad, short Bio of Homer, Characters of Iliad and their characteristics, gods and goddesses, Plot Analysis or a short summarized part of Iliad, Themes, and Symbols.
by

Mikhaela Chan

on 14 September 2015

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Transcript of The Iliad

The Iliad
Author's Bio
Background Info
Epic Story by Homer
Characteristics of the Iliad
>Longest epic
>Represent role of the characters as a paradigm for mortals
>Heroes have their own 'Heroic Code' - Aim every hero to achieve honor
>Noted Homer's depiction of the godsy
Key Facts
CHARACTERS
Major and Minor
Greek Characters
Achilles
Agamemnon
Menelaus
Helen
Odysseus
Ajax
Patroclus
Diomedes
Prophet Calchas
Nestor
Briseis
Chyseis
Peleus
Trojan Characters
King Priam
Hector
Paris
Chryses
The gods and goddesses present in Iliad
Xanthus: God of the River
Iris: Messenger Goddess
Thetis: Sea-nymph, goddess of sea, mother of Achilles
Plot Analysis
Setting (Time)
Bronze Age (around the twelfth or thirteenth century B.C.); The Iliad begins nine years after the start of the Trojan War
Setting Place

Troy (a city in what is now northwestern Turkey) and its immediate environs

Major Conflict
Agamemnon’s demand for Achilles’ war prize, the maiden Briseis, wounds Achilles’ pride; Achilles’ consequent refusal to fight causes the Achaeans to suffer greatly in their battle against the Trojans.

Rising Action
Hector’s assault on the Achaean ships; the return of Patroclus to combat; the death of Patroclus.
Climax
Achilles’ return to combat turns the tide against the Trojans once and for all and ensures the fated fall of Troy to which the poet has alluded throughout the poem.

Falling Action
The retreat of the Trojan army; Achilles’ revenge on Hector; the Achaeans’ desecration of Hector’s corpse.
Conclusion
The funeral of Hector.

Themes
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
The Wrath of Achilles
Glory and Honor are everything
Revenge
Persistence pays
Women play important roles in motivating & shaping future
Symbols
Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.
Armor
Burial
Fire
The Shield of Achilles
The Achaean Ships
Full transcript