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Copy of Copy of The Parts of Speech

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andrea osorio

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of The Parts of Speech

The Parts of Speech
Galaxy When writing, it is useful to be
able to identify the parts of speech
and their functions within the

In doing so, you will be able to
ensure that your writing is correct. Verb Function: expresses action or a state of being. When analyzing a sentence, look for the verb FIRST. Mr. Bernal forced the entire class to annotate the book. 1. Adonis is way to tall. 2. This group seems to not know what thier doing. 3. Omar LOOKS really irritated right now. 4. Alyssa and i ARE really really close friends. Adjectives Adverbs A word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause Prepositions Connectors of words, phrases or clauses; may be either coordinating or subordinating Conjunctions The Parts of Sentences
Galaxy Describe or modify a noun or a pronoun Take the place of nouns. SHE drank all the mustard. THEY fell on the poop. The student realized that THEIR teacher was an under cover cop. Subject Verb Direct Object Indirect Object Modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
They end in -ly often. The extremely HANDSOME men posed for the picture. The goal of the PEACEFUL Jedi is to vanquish the EVIL Sith from the universe. The CURVY and SEDUCTIVE woman ate the strawberry. Ryan EASILY lifted his girlfriend. Frequently Used Prepositions:
about beneath in to
above beside into toward
across between like under
after beyond near underneath
along by next to until
along with down of up
around during off upon
at except on with
before for outside within
behind from over without Often, prepositions introduce PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES.
Prepositional Phrases are easily confused with the subject of the sentence because sometimes they come between the subject and the verb. Remember these rules about prepositional phrases and you will be able to recognize them.

1. Prepositional Phrases always begin with a preposition.

2. Prepositional Phrases always end with a noun or pronoun. This is called the Object of the Preposition. Activity! Identify the prepositional phrase and the object of the preposition in the following sentences: The Death Star in the sky next to Alderaan is a menacing image. Luke Skywalker lives in a hut in the desert on Tatooine with his aunt and uncle. Han Solo hides his smuggled goods in the secret compartment under the floor in his ship, the Millennium Falcon. The ships of The Empire's soldiers crashed. The senators from the planets in The Galactic Republic vote to settle disputes. The people in the pod race spent many months preparing for the race. REMEMBER THAT A PREPOSITION BEGINS A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE. These verbs are also called linking verbs. Placing a dependent word in front of an independent clause makes it a dependent or subordinate clause (one that can no longer stand on its own as a complete, correct sentence).

Some subordinate conjunctions:
because if what
although when where
after as as soon as
while until which
since who that When analyzing sentence structure, find the verb FIRST! Activity! Find the verb in these sentences. Padme will have twins. Obi Wan knows about Anakin and Padme's secret marriage. Qui Gon Jin could be a Master on the Jedi Council but he will not follow the Jedi Code. Jedi run, fight with light sabers, read, and learn to control the Force during their training. The VERB of a sentence carries the action, if any, and directs that action to and from other words in the sentence. LINKING VERBS function as connectors for related words. The SUBJECT is what the sentence is about. Subjects are usually nouns or pronouns, but they can also be clauses or phrases. Find the subject after you find the verb and cross out all of the prepositional phrases. Activity! Find the verb, prep. phrases, and subject in the following sentences. Luke Skywalker lives in a hut in the desert on Tatooine with his aunt and uncle. Han Solo hides his smuggled goods in the secret compartment under the floor in his ship, the Millennium Falcon. The senators from the planets in The Galactic Republic vote to settle disputes. Don't forget to underline the HELPING VERB too! VERY IMPORTANT! Subjects and Verbs MUST agree in number:
A SINGULAR subject requires a SINGULAR verb.
A PLURAL subject requires a PLURAL verb. Darth Vader (destroy / destroys) Alderaan. The members of the Jedi Council (discuss / discusses) whether they should permit Anankin's training. Padme and Anakin (marry / marries) on Naboo. Han Solo and the Rebel Forces (go / goes) to Endor. The receiver of the action To find the D.O. find the verb and the subject and then use them in a question ending with "what" or "whom." Remember! Direct Objects can be compound (connected with and). Direct Objects can be clauses. Direct Objects are nouns or pronouns. The recipient of the action To find the Indirect Object, ask yourself "for whom" or "to whom." REMEMBER! Only sentences with Direct Objects can have Indirect Objects. Common verbs that take indirect objects:
bring give lend send
buy offer sell Parts of Speech....Comma, semi colon, and Colon
Yendri Dinarte
Adonis Barcenas
Omar Munoz
Andrea Osorio Remember the Cat and the box! people= Places= Things= PRONOUN NOUN The girls QUICKLY responded to how amazing Mario Lopez looked in the picture. Semicolons use a semicolon between independent clauses that are closely related in thought and that are not joined by and, but,for,nor,or,so, or yet. Use a semicolon between independent clauses joined by a conjusctive adverb or a transitional expression. for example:

1. 2 chainz failed the test; he only answered true. WHEN TO USE A COLON? 1.Use the colon to punctuate the end of a sentence when a list of items follows
2.Use a colon between two sentences when the the second sentence elaborates or explains the content of the first sentence.
3.The colon is the punctuation to reach for when you're writing a business or formal letter
4.Use a colon to separate an independent clause from a quotation that the clause introduces THE END !!!!!!! 1.Use a comma to separate the elements in a series (three or more things)

2.Use a comma + a little conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, or, so) to connect two independent clauses

3.Use a comma to set off introductory elements

4.Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives

5.Use a comma to set off parenthetical elements

6.Use commas to set off phrases that express contrast COMMAS ! He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. Running toward third base, he suddenly realized how stupid he looked. That tall, distinguished, good looking fellow. The Founders Bridge, which spans the Connecticut River, is falling down. It was her money, not her charm or personality, that first attracted him.
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