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Transcript of research proposal
involving massage therapy treatments.
Population: 1 Ice Hockey Goalie, at an elite competitive level.
Time Frame: 8 massage treatments
2 treatment sessions per week
4 weeks in total Literature Review The role of a ice hockey goalie as stated by Callaway is that "the goaltender in ice hockey has one main responsibility: keeping pucks out of the goal" (Callaway, 2011).
One technique used to stop the puck is the butterfly flare stop technique.
"To do this move, the goalie must push the feet out to the sides to cover the maximum amount of goal width possible, while dropping the knees directly down under the middle of the body" (Alexander. M., & Shackel. B., n.d., p. 6). Can an Ice Hockey Goalies
Butterfly flare technique
be improved through using
Massage Therapy soft tissue techniques? Data Collection
1- Videography of goalie performing the butterfly stance
2- Measure the range of motion ROM of the butterfly flare; before and after each treatment session. (by using the videography i will be able to take measurements of the goalies joint angles from the still frame shots and compare results)
3- Time the butterfly stance technique (down and back up to standing)
4- Improve the goalie stopping pucks from entering the net (average pucks caught in one game before the case study experiment V's after the experiment). Qualitative; Limitations/ Variables * Elite ice hockey goalie willing to participate
* The goalies performance on the day (each different day)
* Conditions of the ice rank
* Treatment days schedule (post game DOM's)
* Permission to conduct research experiment with the use of the Ice Arena. Quantitative; Interview:
Example questions that may used:
1: How dose the goalie rate their butterfly technique?
2: Has there been improvements or not to the butterfly technique?
3: What worked well?
4: What didn't work well? References: The biomechanics of the butterfly flare consists of; hip flexion and medial rotation, knee flexion and medial rotation and ankle eversion.
*Repetitive movement of this technique will potentially have a shortening effect of the muscles that are constantly contracting.
Shortened muscles could effect the goalies technique and performance. Massage therapy has numerous benefits and are defined by the application methods or techniques used; mechanical methods or reflexive methods.
"massage techniques that use isometric and isotonic muscle contraction to relax or lengthen muscles are helpful for normalizing short muscles and associated soft tissue" (Fritz, S. 2009, p. 139). A great example of the effects made from massage therapy is the research case study by Derek N. Tan, who tested the effects that massage had on the performance of a cyclist.
Tan used a time trail and flexibility test as a measurement tools.
The cyclist received massage twice a week for six weeks with no stretching program used.
Results showed quicker time trial times, increased measurements with the flexibility test and no muscle soreness post exercise (Tan & Smith, 2009, p.1). Figure 2: Goalie Sequence in standing from the butterfly (Alexander. M., & Shackel. B., n.d., p. 8). Figure 3: Basic Ready Position of professional goalie (Alexander. M., & Shackel. B., n.d., p. 8). Ethical Considerations 1. Contract to participate
- Right to withdraw from case study.
- Outline of treatment plans, videography sessions.
- Consent for massage and
- Confidentiality; consent of participants identity to
be exposed due to the videography exposure.
2. Professional boundaries and scope of practice
3. Self insurance; for legal cover. Benefits of the Research
Ice hockey goal tenders,
Ice hockey players (elite and novices),
Massage therapists. Expected Results & Dissemination of Results Expected outcome
- Improved range of motion of the butterfly flare technique
- Faster time of performing the butterfly flare
- Improvement of the amount of puck stopped from entering the goal net Figure 1: Ice Hockey Goalie Butterfly Flare Stop (Mountain, M. n.d., p. 1). Dissemination of Results
- Results will be shared with the participant
- Results used in a research case study essay
- Results will be displayed on a research poster and presented to the SIT massage students and lectures
- Access to the research information at SIT campus; research department. Alexander, M., & Shackel, B. (n.d.), Hockey Goalie Analysis. Retrieved from http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/kinrec/research/media/HockeyGoalieAnalysis.pdf
Figure 2. Goalie sequence in standing from the butterfly. Sourced from "Hockey Goalie Analysis", by Alexander. M., & Shackel. B., n.d., http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/kinrec/research/media/HockeyGoalieAnalysis.pdf
Figure 3. Basic Ready Position of professional goalie Sourced from "Hockey Goalie Analysis", by Alexander. M., & Shackel. B., n.d., http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/kinrec/research/media/HockeyGoalieAnalysis.pdf
Callaway, C. (2011). Ice hockey goalie basics. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/260330-ice-hockey-goalie-basics/#ixzz29VUOSJIJ
Fritz, S. (2009). Mosby's fundamentals of therapeutic massage. (4th ed). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Mosby Elsevier.
Figure 1. Ice Hockey Goalie Butterfly Flare Stop. Sourced from "Hockey training pro", by Mountain. M., n.d., http://hockeytrainingpro.com/wordpress/2010/08/any-goalies-want-a-wider-butterfly-flare/
Tan, D. N. & Smith, J. M. (2009). The effect of massage on flexibility, comfort, efficiency and aerodynamic performance in time trial cycling: a single case study. Retrieved from http://sitjar.sit.ac.nz/publications/Effect_of_massage.pdf