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Immediate Constituent analysis

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jane bautista

on 28 July 2014

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Transcript of Immediate Constituent analysis

Immediate Constituent analysis
What is UC?
The final divisions or cuts of a phrase are the ultimate constituents (UCs).

The definition of IC analysis
American Linguist Leonard Bloomfield
Immediate constituent analysis is a system of grammatical analysis which divides sentences into successive layers or constituents until, in the final layer, the ultimate constituent consists of a word.
Poor John ran away



Poor John ran away

Poor John
ran away
The first divisions or cuts of a sentence or a smaller construction such as a phrase are immediate constituents (ICs).
What is IC?

Varied Presentations of IC Analysis Utilizing Binary Strings
(Immediate Constituent)
(ultimate constituent)
The witness can tell who was at fault

The witness can tell who was at fault

The witness can tell who was at fault

can tell who was at fault

was at fault

at fault
The analysis starts with the whole sentence being divided into its principal parts, in this case, the subject and the predicate. They make up the immediate constituents of a sentence.
IC analysis utilizing diagonal binary strings (Bloomfield, 1993)
IC analysis utilizing horizontal and vertical lines to indicate layers and immediate constituents in each layer

Horizontal line highlights the layer and the short vertical lines point to the immediate constituents in the layer.
The witness can tell who was at fault

The witness can tell who was at fault

The witness can tell who was at fault


can tell who was at fault

was at fault

at fault
IC analysis utilizing horizontal lines to show layers (Gleason, 1955)


The young lady who lives next door has left for her parents’ house.
John Lyon’s (1968) IC analysis model utilizing tree diagram
Lyons indicated what made up each level in the hierarchical structure of the sentence. By indicating what made up a given layer and by coming up with a tree-like diagram, Lyons may be said to be employing a model similar to what Chomsky used for his transformational generative grammar.
“Industrious workers work hard.”
{ NP (A[Industrious]+(N[workers])}+ {VP(V[work])}+ ADV [hard] }

S


NP VP

A N V ADV

S = Sentence A = Adjective V = Verb
NP = Noun Phrase N = Noun ADV = Adverb
VP = Verb Phrase
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