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Rock and Roll History ala School of Rock

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Brian Clements

on 6 November 2015

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Transcript of Rock and Roll History ala School of Rock

Fats Domino
Little Richard
Chuck Berry
Ray Charles
Bo Diddley
Ike & Tina Turner


Carl Perkins
Gene Vincent
Kingston Trio
Joan Baez
Peter, Paul & Mary
Everly Brothers
Buddy Holly
Roy Orbison
Eddie Cochran
The Platters
The Coasters
The Drifters
The Temptations
Brit Invasion
Folk Rock
Bob Dylan
The Band
Pop Rock
Hard Rock
New Wave
Hard Punk


Southern Rock

Parliment Funkadelic
Isley Brothers
Rick James
Bee Gee's
The Village People
Donna Summer
KC & The Sunshine Band
LL Cool J
Sugar Hill Gang
Beastie Boys
Ice T
Ice Cube
Snoop Dogg
Dr. Dre
The Ghetto Boys
Public Enemy
Salt n Pepa
Doug E. Fresh
Boogie Down Productions
David Bowie
Alice Cooper
T Rex
Roxy Music
Allman Brothers
Lynyrd Skynyrd
ZZ Top
Ozark Mt. Daredevils
Black Oak Arkansas
Molly Hatchet
The Doors
Jefferson Airplane
Grateful Dead
Psychedelic Furs
Jethro Tull
Pink Floyd
King Crimson
Dead Kennedys
The Replacements
Sonic Youth
Butthole Surfers
Husker Du
Meat Puppets
Patty Smith
Richard Ifell
Souixshee and the Banshees
Sex Pistols
The Clash
Black Sabbath
Judas Priest
Iron Maiden
Elvis Costello
Talking Heads
Pearl Jam
Sound Garden
Alice in Chains
Ted Nugent
Grand Funk
Jimi Hendrix
Van Morrison
Dave Mason
Creedence Clearwater Revival
Jackson Browne
Simon & Garfunkel
Neil Young
Crosby, Stills & Nash
The Byrds
Beach Boys
Elton John
Neil Diamond
Bonnie Rait
The Go-Gos
Fleetwood Mac
The Beatles
The Kinks
Rolling Stones
Iggy Pop
Gladys Knight & the Pips
Otis Redding
Sam Cooke
Marvin Gaye
Stevie Wonder
Diana Ross
James Brown
Aretha Franklin
Isaac Hayes
Al Green
Sly & the Family Stone
Blackboard Extension
Duke Ellington
Modern Interpretations of Classic Rap & Hip-Hop
LL Cool J – I’m Bad
Run DMC – Beats to the Rhyme
Crazy Calls - Wait for the Beep
Beastie Boys – Fight For Your Right
Tone Loc – Wild Thing
DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince - Fresh Prince Theme
Salt N’ Pepa – Whatta Man
Positive K – I Got A Man
The Notorious B.I.G. - Big Poppa
Dr. Dre feat. Snoop Dogg - Dre Day
Warren G feat. Nate Dogg - Regulate
N.W.A. – Straight Outta Compton
Ini Kamoze - Hot Stepper
Outkast - So Fresh, So Clean
Busta Rhymes feat. P. Diddy & Pharrell – Pass the Courvoisier, Part II
Kris Kross - Jump
Skee-Lo – I Wish
Jay Z - 99 Problems
Ludacris – Move Bitch (Get Out the Way)
Drake – Started From the Bottom
Kendrick Lamar – Swimming Pools (Drank)
Kanye West feat. T-Pain – Good Life
Run DMC – Walk This Way
History of Rap:
Sugarhill Gang - "Rapper's Delight"
Run-DMC - "Peter Piper"
Beastie Boys - "Paul Revere"
A Tribe Called Quest - "Award Tour"
Digital Underground - "The Humpty Dance"
Snoop Dogg feat. Dr. Dre - "Nuthin' but a 'G' Thang"
Tupac Shakur - "California Love"
The Notorious B.I.G. - "Juicy"
The Roots - "The Seed"
Eminem - "My Name Is"
Missy Elliott - "Work It"
Soulja Boy Tell 'Em - "Crank That (Soulja Boy)"
T.I. feat. Rihanna - "Live Your Life"
Kanye West feat. Jamie Foxx - "Gold Digger"
Jay-Z feat. Alicia Keys - "Empire State of Mind"

History of Rap, Part 2
Kurtis Blow - "The Breaks"
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five - "The Message"
N.W.A - "Express Yourself"
Public Enemy - "Bring the Noise"
Rob Base and DJ E-Z Rock - "It Takes Two"
Salt-N-Pepa - "Push It"
Vanilla Ice - "Ice Ice Baby"
Fatman Scoop - "Put Your Hands Up"
Cypress Hill - "Insane in the Brain"
DJ Kool - "Let Me Clear My Throat"
DMX - "Party Up in Here"
Nelly - "Hot in Herre"
50 Cent - "In Da Club"
OutKast - "Hey Ya"
Lil Wayne - "A Milli"
DJ Khaled - "All I Do Is Win"
Cali Swag District - "Teach Me How to Dougie"
Rick Ross - "B.M.F."
Biz Markie - "Just a Friend"
Kurtis Blow - "The Breaks"

History of Rap, Part 3
Run-DMC - "King of Rock"
LL Cool J - "Mama Said Knock You Out"
DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince - "Parents Just Don't Understand"
De La Soul - "Me, Myself and I"
JJ Fad - "Supersonic"
Sir Mix-a-Lot - "Baby Got Back"
Young MC - "Bust a Move"
House of Pain - "Jump Around"
Ice Cube - "It Was a Good Day"
Coolio - "Gangsta's Paradise"
The Fugees - "Killing Me Softly"
Beastie Boys - "Sabotage"
Jay-Z - "I Just Wanna Love You (Give It 2 Me)"
OutKast - "Ms. Jackson"
Snoop Dogg - "Drop It Like It's Hot"
Kanye West - "Stronger"
Nicki Minaj -"Super Bass"
Naughty By Nature - "Hip Hop Hooray"

History of Rap, Part 4:
Sugarhill Gang - "Apache (Jump On It)"
Grandmaster Melle Mel - "White Lines (Don't Do It) "
Kurtis Blow - "Basketball"
Fat Boys - "The Fat Boys"
Run-DMC - "It's Tricky"
Beastie Boys - "No Sleep Till Brooklyn"
LL Cool J - "Going Back to Cali"
Slick Rick - "Children's Story"
2 Live Crew - "Me So Horny"
A Tribe Called Quest - "Scenario"
Cypress Hill - "Hand on the Pump"
Wreckx-N-Effect - "Rump Shaker"
Salt N Pepa - "Shoop"
Snoop Doggy Dogg - "Gin and Juice"
Busta Rhymes - "Woo-Ha! Got You All in Check"
The Notorious B.I.G. - "Hypnotize"
Missy Elliott - "Get Ur Freak On"
Jay-Z - "Izzo (H.O.V.A.)"
Nelly - "Ride Wit Me"
50 Cent - "P.I.M.P."
Chamillionaire - "Ridin Dirty"
Wiz Khalifa - "Black & Yellow"
Trinidad James - "All Gold Everything"
Macklemore & Ryan Lewis - "Thrift Shop"
Eminem - "Lose Yourself"

The Best Summation of Rap & Hip-Hop History Ever Recorded.
Jimmy Fallon & Justin Timberlake featuring The Roots
Alan Freed, Radio DJ
Memphis & Cleveland
White DJ playing black music
Popularized the term "rock 'n' roll"
Promoted mixed race concerts
Sixty Minute Man
Billy Ward & The Dominoes
First record to use the term "rock 'n' roll"
Rocket 88
Jackie Brenston
with Ike Turner & the Kings of Rhythm
First "rock 'n' roll" record
Opened in 1950 by Sam Phillips.
Considered the birthplace of Rock 'n' Roll
Signed Elvis Presley in 1953
The "Million Dollar Quartet" record an impromptu session in 1956. Elvis, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins & Johnny Cash.
Other notable artists: The Dixie Cups, Merle Haggard, Conway Twitty, & Roy Orbison
Under the Covers...
Rock Riots
March, 1952: Moondog Coronation Ball
May, 1955: Elvis Presley "Girls, I'll see you backstage."
April, 1956: Nat "King" Cole rushed by racists in Birmingham, AL during boycott call of "bop and negro music."
June, 1956: Elvis Presley on the Milton Berle Show "Elvis the Pelvis"
September, 1956: "Rock Around the Clock" in Britain
November, 1956: Fats Domino in North Carolina
February, 1957: Bill Hay & the Comets play Britain
Rock & Roll
Hank Williams
I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry (1949)
Your Cheating Heart (1953)
Elvis Presley
Heartbreak Hotel (1956)
Hound Dog (1956)
33 Feature Films
Little Richard
Tutti-Frutti (1955)
Lucille (1957)
Jerry Lee Lewis
Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On (1957)
Great Balls of Fire (1957)
Chuck Berry
Rock and Roll Music (1957)
Johnny B. Goode (1958)
Hits by Year
"Mona Lisa" by Nat King Cole
"Goodnight Irene" by Gordon Jenkins & The Weavers
"How High the Moon" by Les Paul & Mary Ford
"Cry" by Johnnie Ray & the Four Lads
"Wheel of Fortune" by Kay Starr
"Auf Wiedersehn Sweetheart" by Vera Lynn
"The Doggie in the Window" by Patti Page
"The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where is Your Heart)" by Percy Faith
"Vaya Con Dios" by Les Paul & Mary Ford
"Sh-Boom"by The Crew Cuts
"Mr. Sandman" by The Chordettes
"(We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets
"Sixteen Tons" by Tennessee Ernie
"Only You" by The Platters
"The Great Pretender" by The Platters
"Heartbreak Hotel" by Elvis Presley
"Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" by Elvis Presley
"Love Me Tender" by Elvis Presley
"Roll Over Beethoven" by Chuck Berry
"All Shook Up" by Elvis Presley
"(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear" by Elvis Presley
"That'll Be the Day" by The Crickets
"Wake Up Little Susie" by The Everly Brothers
"Jailhouse Rock" by Elvis Presley
"You Send Me" by Sam Cooke
"Bye Bye Love" by The Everly Brothers
"Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On" by Jerry Lee Louis
"Peggy Sue" by Buddy Holly"
"At the Hop" by Danny & the Juniors
"Tequila" by The Champs
"Witch Doctor" by David Seville
"All I Have to Do is Dream" by The Everly Brothers
"The Purple People Eater" by Sheb Wooley
"To Know Him is to Love Him" by The Teddy Bears
"La Bamba" by Ritchie Valens
"Chantilly Lace" by The Big Bopper
"Johnny B. Goode" by Chuck Berry
"Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" by The Platters
"The Battle of New Orleans" by Johnny Horton
"Mack the Knife" by Bobby Darin
Rhythm & Blues
Howlin' Wolf
Smokestack Lightning (1956)
Spoonful (1960)
Muddy Waters
Rollin' Stone (1948)
Hoochie Coochie Man (1954)
Bo Diddley
Bo Diddley (1955)
Who Do You Love (1956)
Ray Charles
I Got a Woman (1954)
What'd I Say (1959)
Johnny Cash
Folsom Prison Blues (1955)
I Walk the Line (1956)
Buddy Holly
That'll Be the Day (1957)
Peggy Sue (1957)
Payola & The Rock and Roll Backlash
Jerry Lee Lewis
Alan Freed
Chuck Berry
Leaving the Business
Elvis Presley
Little Richard
The Bobby-Soxers
Pat Boone
Ricky Nelson
Country Music
"POP" vs "ROCK"
...vs "FOLK" & "R&B"
...& "SOUL"
Pop Music
Surf Music
"Pipeline" by the Chantays (1963)
"Wipe Out" bt The Surfaris (1963)
"Surf City" by Jan & Dean (1963)
The Beach Boys
I Get Around
Good Vibrations
Surfin USA
Fun Fun Fun
Barbara Ann
California Girls
Phil Spector
"Wall of Sound"
Responsible for producing:
"You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" by The Righteous Brothers (1965)
"River Deep - Mountain High" by Ike & Tina Turner (1966)
"To Know Him is to Love Him" by The Teddy Bears (1958)
"He's a Rebel" by The Crystals (1962)
"Da Doo Ron Ron" by The Crystals
"Then He Kissed Me" by The Crystals
"Be My Baby" by The Ronettes
"Baby I Love You" by The Ronettes


Began in America as an off-shoot of Jazz with home-built instruments and improvisation. Became popular in the UK in the 1950s.
Skiffle players like Lonnie Donegan inspired a
whole generation to pick up the guitar...
...including a few lads from Liverpool.
The Quarrymen
First Full Show
Clubs and
dance halls filled
with new groups playing
American Rock 'n' Roll, dance
crazes and even show tunes. On
the fringes and in the underground,
bands created their own takes on American
rhythm & blues. When the Beatles debuted in
1963, the Beat Boom was born. From it came groups like:
Gary & the Merchants
The Searchers
The Hollies
Herman's Hermits
Freddie & the Dreamers
The Moody Blues
The Animals
St. Albin's
The Zombies

"Ain't She Sweet" 1961
"Love Me Do" 1962
"Please Please Me" 1962
"P.S. I Love You" 1962
"I Want to Hold Your Hand" 1963
"She Loves You" 1963
"Do You Want to Know a Secret" 1963
"Twist and Shout" 1963
"I Saw Her Standing There" 1963
"All My Loving" 1963
"Roll Over Beethoven" 1963
"A Hard Day's Night" 1964
"Can't Buy Me Love" 1964
"Eight Days a Week" 1964
"I Feel Fine" 1964
"She's a Woman" 1964
"And I Love Her" 1964
"Help!" 1965
"Ticket to Ride" 1965
"We Can Work It Out" 1965
"Yesterday" 1965
"Nowhere Man" 1965
"Day Tripper" 1965
"Yes It Is" 1965
"Act Naturally" 1965
"Paperback Writer" 1966
"Yellow Submarine" 1966
"Got to Get You into My Life" 1966
"Eleanor Rigby" 1966
"Rain" 1966
"All You Need Is Love" 1967
"Hello, Goodbye" 1967
"Penny Lane" 1967
"Strawberry Fields Forever" 1967
"Baby, You're a Rich Man" 1967
"I Am the Walrus" 1967
"Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" 1967
"With a Little Help from My Friends" 1967
"Hey Jude" 1968
"Lady Madonna" 1968
"Revolution" 1968
"Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da" 1968
"Come Together" 1969
"Get Back" 1969
"Let It Be" 1969
"Something" 1969
"The Long and Winding Road" 1969
"The Ballad of John and Yoko" 1969
"Don't Let Me Down" 1969
"Free as a Bird" 1995
"Real Love" 1979 (1995)

Beatles Hits
In December, 1963, the Beatles' music arrived in America. The nation was desperate for something bright and hopeful after the assassination of JFK in
November. The four "Moptops" from Liverpool gave America something to,
for a time, unite behind. 73 Million people watched their appearance on the
"Ed Sullivan Show" in February, 1964 and Beatlemania swept the nation. For the first time, merchandising became a major part of a band's promotion. It was the music, however, that made the Beatles' impact so great.
Within three years of their debut in America, the Beatles had quit performing live. Their records were being burned in the American South by religious fanatics. Drugs became a mainstay
for the band. Their focus on creativity
over commercialism even garnered
the attention of the FBI and MI5.

The Beatles disbanded in 1970, after only 10 years together.
Their legacy lives on.
The Greatest Rock 'n' Roll Band in the World
It's hard to decide which is more important:
The Rolling Stones' contribution to the rock
revolution of the 1960s or their longevity. The band still
tours and plays today. Even after drug busts, the death of founder Brian Jones and the break-up of their greatest rivals, The Stones weathered it all, producing a seminal work of rock: Exile on Main Street (1972).

"I Can't Get No Satisfaction" (1965)
"Jumpin' Jack Flash" (1968)
Other "Merseybeat" US Successes
The Kinks
"You Really Got Me" (1964)
"Lola" (1970)
The Animals
"The House of the Rising Sun" (1964)
"It's My Life" (1965)
The Other British Invasion
The Peaceful Invaders
Petula Clark
Peter & Gordon
Chad & Jeremy
Dave Clark Five
Herman's Hermits
Manfred Mann
The Who
"My Generation" (1965)
"I Can See for Miles" (1967)
"Tommy" (1969)
"Won't Get Fooled Again" (1971)
Protest Music
In the face of the cultural shifts caused by rock music, politicians and conservatives branded the music "un-American" or even "Communist." The Folk movement in the 60s captured the spirit of individual expression and turned their talents towards the Civil Rights movement and other causes of the mid 1960s.
Woody Guthrie
Bob Dylan
Pete Seeger
Joan Baez
Determined to take up Woody Guthrie's legacy, Dylan released four folk albums. After hearing The Animals' "House of the Rising Sun," Dylan went electric, much to the consternation of his folk fans. The change, however, helped move pop/folk into true rock.
Blowin' in the Wind (1963)
Like a Rolling Stone (1965)
America had an answer to the immense popularity of The Beatles, but it wasn't a band - it was a single record label. Berry Gordy ran Motown out of Detroit, MI, creating a powerful force for integration and civil rights. Between 1961 and 1971, Motown notched 110 Top 10 hits. A combination of carefully groomed stars, a signature sound created by Phil Spector, simple compositions and an amazing group of studio musicians, the label released some of the most memorable hits of the 1960s.
"Shop Around" by The Miracles (1960)
"Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes (1961)
"Baby Love" by The Supremes (1964)
"I Heard it Through the Grapevine" by Marvin Gaye (1968)
"What's Goin' On" by Marvin Gaye (1971)
"Papa was a Rollin' Stone" by The Temptations (1972)
The Mamas & The Papas
Simon & Garfunkel
Sonny & Cher
Jefferson Airplane
The Turtles
The Lovin' Spoonful
Buffalo Springfield
Neil Young
Ravi Shankar & Raga Rock
As the 1960s waned, musicians searched for new, more exotic sounds to match the new psychadelic direction of rock and culture. The sitar and its most famouguru, Ravi Shankar, provided that sound. Used by The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, David Crosby and more, the sitar opened up Rock to eastern music including its unique scales and modes.
Gospel + R&B = Soul
Booker T. & the M.G.'s
Green Onions (1962)
Sam & Dave
Hold On, I'm Comin' (1966)
Isaac Hayes
Theme from "Shaft"
The Staples Singers
Otis Redding
I've Been Loving You Too Long (1965)
Try a Little Tenderness (1966)
Sittin' On the Dock of the Bay (1968)
Aretha Franklin
Respect (1967)
Chain of Fools (1967)
Think (1968)
Sly & the Family Stone
Dance to the Music (1967)
Everyday People (1968)
Acid Rock
San Francisco was the center of the Acid Rock movement. The advent of LSD gave way to bands foregoing the 3-minute pop song for endless "freak outs" and jam sessions at concerts, trying to replicate or enhance the acid trip their audience (and sometimes they) were on.
Jefferson Airplane
The Grateful Dead
Somebody to Love (1967)
White Rabbit (1967)
Dark Star (1968)
Truckin' (1970)
The Doors
Light My Fire (1967)
Riders on the Storm (1971)
Jimi Hendrix
All Along the Watchtower (1968)
Star Spangled Banner (1969)
Voodoo Child (1970)
Sunshine of Your Love (1968)
A Return to Form
The Band began backing Bob Dylan before breaking out on their own with Dylan's blessing. Contrasting with the LSD-fueled Acid Rock style, The Band went back to basic rock, featuring story-telling over lengthy jam sessions. After the release of their debut album, The Beatles and The Rolling Stones both made back-to-basics albums and guitarist Eric Clapton left Cream in pursuit of a more rootsy appeal.
Bubblegum Pop
The Monkees
I'm a Believer (1966)
Daydream Believer (1967)
The Lemon Pipers: "Green Tambourine" (1967)
Ohio Express: "Yummy Yummy Yummy" (1968)
The Archies: "Sugar Sugar" (1969)
ABBA: "Dancing Queen" (1975)
Spice Girls: "Wannabe" (1996)
The Jackson 5
Discovered by Diana Ross (supposedly) and with several years led off their ages, The Jackson 5 hit Motown in 1968 after and audience with Gladys Knight. Within two years they had 4 No. 1 hits including: "I Want You Back," "ABC" and "I'll Be There." They were money makers for Motown and for their father and manager, Joe Jackson.

Even at the young age of 11, Michael was being groomed for a solo career and superstardom. A break from the group and a connection with the great Quincy Jones skyrocketed Michael past his brothers for good.
Janis Joplin
Piece of My Heart (1968)
Me & Bobby McGee (1971)
Black Magic Woman (1970)
Oye Como Va (1971)
The Band
The Weight (1968)
Up on Cripple Creek (1969)
Top Songs of the 1960s
"The Twist" - Chubby Checker
"Georgia On MY Mind" - Ray Charles
"Are You Lonesome Tonight?" - Elvis Presley
"Blue Moon" - The Marcels
"Runaway" - Del Shannon
Hit the Road Jack" - Ray Charles
"Runaround Sue" - Dion
"The Lion Sleeps Tonight" - The Tokens
"Duke of Earl" - Gene Channel
"Hey! Baby" - Bruce Channel
"Breaking Up is Hard to" - Neil Sedaka
"Sherry" - The Four Seasons
"Big Girls Don't Cry" - The Four Seasons
"Walk Like a Man" - The Four Seasons
"I Will Follow Him" - Little Peggy March
"Surf City" - Jan & Dean
"So Much in Love" - The Tymes
"I Feel Fine" - The Beatles (+4 other #1s this year!)
"Downtown" - Petula Clark
"My Girl" - The Temptations
"Mr. Tambourine Man" - The Byrds
"I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch) - Four Tops
"Over and Over" - The Dave Clark 5
"I Want to Hold Your Hand" - The Beatles (+5 other #1s this year!)
"Chapel of Love" - The Dixie Cups
"The House of the Rising Sun" - The Animals
"Come See About Me" - The Supremes
"The Sound of Silence" - Simon & Garfunkel
"We Can Work it Out" - The Beatles (+2 other #1s this year!)
"Monday, Monday" - The Mamas and the Papas
"Paint it Black" - The Rolling Stones
"Cherish" - The Association
"Penny Lane" - The Beatles (+2 other...you get it)
"Respect" - Aretha Franklin
"Light My Fire" - The Doors
"Incense and Peppermints" - Strawberry Alarm Clock
"Hello, Goodbye" - The Beatles (Only 1 other #1 this year)
"Mrs. Robinson" - Simon & Garfunkel
"People Got to be Free" - The Rascals
"I Heard it Through the Grapevine" - Marvin Gaye
"Everyday People" - Sly & the Family Stone
"Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" - The 5th Dimension
"Get Back" - The Beatles
"Come Together" - The Beatles (Last #1 until 1995)
"Na Na Hey Hey" - Steam
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