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Shreya Yadav

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of Portugal

By: Shreya Yadav
Jessica Lam Portugal Portugal History of Portugal: Culture Major Landforms
>Serra de Estrela
>Cantabrian Mts
>Biera Baixa and Alantejo Capital of Portugal:

Lisbon When did Portugal gain its independence?

>October 5, 1910 Major Landmarks
>Belem Tower

Major language spoken:
Portuguese (official)
Mirandese (official, but locally used) Location? Western Europe! Early History (500 BCE-1000CE) Middle History (1000 CE-1800 CE)
>Bartolomeu Dias
>lived 1457 - 1500 CE
>born into a noble
Portuguese family
>the first European to
lead a voyage
around the Cape of Good Hope
>on the southern most tip of South Africa Modern History (1800 CE-2013 CE)
>Dom Miguel I
>King of Portugal
1828-1834 CE
>born on Oct. 26,
1802 in
Queluz, Portugal
>became a regent
>ruled the nation as a self
proclaimed king How did Portugal gain its independence? King of Leon granted Portugal to his daughter, Dona Teresa and her husband in 1095. Her husband died. She ruled as regent for her son. She married a Gaician noble. Don Alfonso Henriques defeated Teresa at the Battle of Sao Mamede. By 1140, Alfonso called himself "King of Portugal" because Portugal was independent of Leon. Major events during... Early History (500 BCE-1000 CE)
> Guimarães Castle
>built in the10th century by Mumadona Dias, "Countess of Portugal"
>defend its monastery from Moors
and Normans >Abd al-Rahman I (731-788 CE)
>was emir of Islamic Spain from 756-788 CE
>founder of the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba
>a Muslim dynasty Famous people during... Clothing
>changes with season
>mostly traditional dressing styles
>women=traditional dressing styles w/suits for work
>men=casual suits
>cold at night, so jackets are kept in handy

' .

. Major religions
>84.5% Roman Catholic
>2.2% other Christian
>0.3% other
>9% unknown
>3.9% none .

. National holidays
>Anno Novo (NY's)
> Dia da Liberdade (April 25)
Religious holidays
>Corpo de Deus, Corpus Christi
>Natal (X-mas)
>Dia de Portugal (June 1) Music :Mao Morta, Moonspell, Da Weasel, Silent 4, GNB Foods
North: caldo verde (kale, potato soup, flavored with spicy sausage)
South: gazpacho (soup, usually served with bread and smoked pork)
Bacalhou (salt cod): national dish since 15th century.
One of the most important ceremonies involves killing and preserving of pig (smoked ham, make sausage, and salt other body parts) Major Bodies of Water:
>Rivers:Tejo Tagus, Mondego
>Lakes: Reservoir of Casteiode Bode, Salamonde
>Oceans: Atlantic Ocean Major Cities:
#1 Lisbon (capital); 2.808 million
#2 Porto; 1.344 million
#3 Amadora; 175,872 General Weather Conditions:
Portugal has a temperate climate with hot summers and wet, windy winters. Portugal gets a lot of sun in the summer. Average Yearly Rainfall:
50-75 cm (20-30 in) in central Portugal. South is relatively dry. Average Yearly Temperature:
Southern Portugal: 71 degrees Fahrenheit (high)-53 degrees Fahrenheit(low)
Lisbon Region: 71 degrees Fahrenheit(high)-50 degrees Fahrenheit Currency: EURO Imports and Exports
Imports: agricultural products, modes of transportation, oil products, science instruments
Exports: food products, wine, plastics and rubber, wood/cork, paper materials Major Trading Partners:
Imports: Spain 31.8%, Germany 12.4%, France 6.9%, Italy 5.4%, Netherlands 4.8%
Exports: Spain 25.1%, Germany 13.6%, France 12.1%, Angola 5.5%, UK 5.1% Type of Government:
Republic: Parliamentary Democracy President: Anibal Antonio Caraco Silva Legislative Branch:
Unicameral Assembely (Assemblia da Republica): 230 seats, the members are elected by popular vote to serve 4 years #1 Portugul has one of the oldest universities in Europe
> University of Combra
> Established in 1290.
#2 Portugal and England have the oldest diplomatic alliance in the world
>The Anglo-Portuguese alliance was signed in 1373-modern day
>Both countries agree to defend each other, including the UK entering the Iberian Peninsula War + Portugal entering WWI.
#3 Portugal was the first colony power to abolish slavery. Portugal abolished slavery in1761
>Half a century before Britian, France, Spain, or the United States. How Climate Affects Portugal:
The Atlantic Ocean affects the Northern Climate because there are many cyclones. While the south and eastern parts are affected by the subtropical anticyclone from the Mediterranean. Modern History (1800 CE to 2013 CE)
>Jose Vianna da Motta
>famous composer and pianist
>Jose Vianna da Motta Music Competition was inspired by him
>wrote the program notes for Busoni's major series of piano concerts in Berlin. Middle History (1000 CE- 1800 CE)
>Belém Tower
>1515 (construction), 1519 (opening)
> built for a defense system for the Tagus River
+ a ceremonial gateway to Lisbon
>a famous tourist sight for architecture
> Manueline style Modern History
>The city of Rio de Janeiro was Portugal's capital from1808-1821 >After a war with the French
>Lisbon became the capitol after Brazil gained its indepedence in 1822 BIBLIOGRAPHY

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