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Transcript of Israel/Palestine Conflict
Ethan Graupmann and Josh Mekonnen
Conflict Location: Middle East
1. This is a land conflict which rooted from theological differences. Abraham in the bible had a child with Hager first and (his slave) called Ishmael but later gave birth to a child with Sara (his wife) second because she couldn’t give birth before Hager. A majority of Jews are from Israel while Muslims and Christians are from Palestine. Both of these religions are children of Abraham; they just branch to either Ishmael or Isaac. In early 19 centuries, the Jews were in Europe and believed they should move to their own state: Zionism- a nationalist and political movement of Jews and Jewish culture that supports the reestablishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel. These people moved into this land called Palestine but were later dispersed because of the diaspora. A few years later, 1967, the Hebrews came back to Palestine and fought the Egyptians and neighboring states for their land: 6 Day War- Israelis won bordering countries too. (map on slide 1). The UN came to a decision as the Camp David Accord after the war saying Israel had to withdraw from neighboring countries & Gaza strip and West Bank and would have to be recognize as both a Palestinian and Israeli state
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Shape of States involved
Israel is an elongated state. Because such a shape can lead to poor communication, it can lead to rebellion or lack of immediate action
Egypt is a compact state, which can lead to easy communication within the country, and quick action.
Syria could be considered both an elongated state or a compact state. Because its capital is close to the area of which the conflict occurred, it had communication advantage.
Lebanon is an elongated state, which could lead to poor communication, but this had no effect in this conflict
Jordan is considered a preforated state. But, since this country had little input on this confllict, its shape obviously had no effect on the events that took place.
Palestine, in present time, is a scattered enclave state, which can lead to poor unity, lack of communication, and lack of proper leadership for the state as a whole.
The Border Dispute: Sinai, Suez, Golans, West Bank
1917: Balfour Declaration gives Jews a homeland
1936-9: Arab Revolt: 5000 Arabs killed, several hundred Jews
1948: Israeli War of Independece. Israel declared an independent state. Surrounding states declare war on Israel: NO INTRUSIONS
1949: Israel and Arab states declare armistice; Israel now 50% larger than alotted by UN
1956: To prevent Egyptian use of newly acquired Soviet arms in war, Israel invades the Sinai peninsula
1964: Palestinian Liberation Organization is formed, with the goal of destroying Israel.
1967: Egypt closes Starits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, dismisss UN peacekeeping force. Following is the 6-day war. Israelis gain control of the Sinai Peninsula and conquers the West Bank. Resolution 242 calls for peace and Israeli withdrawl
Ethan: I believe that the invasion of Palestine by Israel was wrong choice on Israeli's side, but was it really neccessary for the countries surrounding Israel to all declare war on the Jews? I know that some people feel a bit territorial and don't like foreign objects in their AoO, but I think human nature could've lead them to be a bit more hospitable? To me, both sides are in the wrong. The British, too, didn't do very well in this scenario. Following the Israelis to kill Arabs? I think this conflict could have been settled much more easily if Britain and the UN had done something to stop the fighting, not catalyze it and make the situation more dangerous. I would hope that this situation ends with peace but I doubt it. I think Israel will come out on top because of Palestine's shape. Since Palestine is so scattered at this point in time, communication can be dangerous as Israel is surrounding the state and could be spying on communications. In addition, Israel controls much more land and a larger population than Palestine, which means that they have the advantage when war rages. Maybe attacking each other wasn't the best idea. How about not bombing each other FOR ONCE?!?
1973: Surprise attack on Jewish holiday. Syria reclaims Golan Heights, Egypt reclaims Sinai.
1979: Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel
1981: Israel destroys Iraqi Nuclear Reactor. Egyptian President assasinated.
1982: Israel attacks PLO
1983: Declaration of Principles; PLO & Israel reach mutual recognition
1997-8: Agreements reached on Israeli redeployment
2000:Israeli-Syrian peace negotiations fail.
2001:Ariel Sharon elected Prime Minister; 9/11
2005: Ariel Sharon visits GWB. Next month Abbas visits, showing US Backing of Palestine. In June, riots in Gaza lead to negotiations over withdraw from Gaza, which occurs later in August
This entire conflict began when Israel became a state that had taken Palestine's land. This is a territorial dispute; Jerusalem, a city given to the Jews as part of their land, and has become a holy city, is also a holy city of the Palestinians, and both sides claim the city to be theirs, which lead to this conflict.
Britain: The catalyst; Britain, by allowing Israel to become an independent state, has caused this border dispute between the two countries
France: The supporter; France collaborated with Israel in occupying the Sinai Peninsula, as a result allying themselves with Israel.
US & UN: Problem Solvers; The United States and the United Nations were constantly at work attempting to create negotiations between the conflicting countries to reestablish relations amont the Middle East. The UN deployed a peacekeeping force, and signed Resolution 242 to stop the conflict. US also attempted to help by calling for negotiations between the leaders of Palestine and Israel and assuring the proper withdrawl of Israeli forces from Gaza in order to ensure peace.
People with very different backgrounds, but desiring to create the state of Israel were attracted; were helped by a common religion (Ottoman Empire). Many went for the land.
The dispute starting this conflict is about the land; whether the Israelis or Muslims own it. This land was decided to be fairly equally separated until the Jews built a wall around west bank. This wall was protection from the Palestinians but they saw it as crossing illegal ground.
Type of State
Israel is a multinational state with having Christians, Muslims, and Jews in an area. Palestine is not considered a state to neighboring countries but is recognized as a state to the UN.
Josh: Honestly, from the beginning, the British started this problem between Israel and Palestine because they gave up these people to the yet developing UN. Before anyone moved to this area, the British promised the Meccans, French, and the Israelis for this land. A majority of the blame should go to the British since they were greedy and they did not equally separate this area. Look at it, it looks like a Jigsaw Puzzle! I believe this will continue because in every war between the Israelis and Palestinian, the Israelis brutally won. The Israelis could easily destroy Palestine. Israel is very powerful today so there would be no such thing as sharing the land.
1995-6:Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin assassinated by Israeli fanatic. Benjamin Netanyahu elected
Middle East Countries: The Warmongers; Starting a full scale war on Israelis wasn't the wrong, thing to do, but is wasn't right either. Their forces were obliterated on the invasion of Israel, resulting in large-scale death. Maybe attacking them wasn't your best idea. How about not bombing each other for once?