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Cinematic Techniques

An introduction to cinematic techniques

Dane Di Cesare

on 21 August 2012

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Transcript of Cinematic Techniques

Cinematic Techniques FRAMING ANGLES SOUND LIGHTING EDITING CAMERA MOVEMENT long shot medium shot close up extreme close up two shot high angle eye level low angle diagetic non-diagetic low key neutral high key front/back lighting bottom/side lighting dolly/tracking zoom tilt pan boom/crane cut fade dissolve wipe flashback shot-reverse-shot cross-cutting eye-line match sound that could logically be heard by the characters in the film sound that CANNOT be heard by the characters, but is designed for audience reaction only a person's whole body fits in the frame this shot shows people from the waist up the person (or object) takes up roughly 80% of the frame
this is usually used for head shots to show facial expressions this shot features part of a whole: an eye, a hand, a key on a ring a scene between two people shot exclusively from an angle that includes both characters more or less equally.

It is most often used in love scenes where interaction between the two characters is important. a shot taken from a normal height- a character's eye level.
90-95% of shots are taken at eye level because it is the most natural angle. the camera films the subject from below. this USUALLY has the effect of making the subject look larger than normal, and therefore strong, powerful, and threatening. the camera is above the subject. this USUALLY has the effect of making the subject look smaller than normal, giving him or her the appearance of being weak, powerless, and trapped. a shot from some distance. if filming a person, the full body is shown. it may show the isolation or vulnerability of the character. (also called a full shot) the most common shot. the camera seems to be a medium distance from the object being filmed. a medium shot shows a person from the waist up. the effect is to ground the story. the image takes up at least 80% of the frame the image being shot is a part of a whole, such as an eye or a hand a stationary camera moves from side to side on a horizontal axis a stationary camera moves up or down along a vertical axis a stationary camera where the lens moves to make an object seem to move closer or further away from the camera. with this technique, moving into a character is often a personal or revealing movement, while moving away distances or separates the audience from the charcter. the camera is on a track that allows it to move with the action. the term also refers to any camera mounted on a car, truck, or helicopter. the camera is on a crane over the action. this is used to create overhead shots. the scene is flooded with light, creating a bright and open-looking scene. the scene utilizes lighting that is neither too bright or too dark. neutral lighting is between high and low key lighting. this is often used for indoor environments. the scene is flooded with shadows and darkness, creating suspense or suspicion. soft lighting on the actor's face or from behind gives the appearance of innocence or goodness, or a halo effect. direct lighting from below or to the side, which often makes the subject appear dangerous or evil. the most common editing technique. two pieces of film are spliced together to "cut" to another image. can be to or from black or white. a fade can begin in darkness and gradually assume full brightness (fade-in) or the image may gradually get darker (fade-out). a fade often implies that time has passed or may signify the end of a scene. a kind of fade in which one image is slowly replaced by another. it can create a connection between images. a cut or dissolve to action that happened in the past. a shot of one subject, then another, then back to the first. it is often used for conversation or reaction shots. a new image wipes off the previous image. a wipe is more fluid than a cut and quicker than a dissolve. cut into action that is happening simulatneously. this technique is also called parallel editing. it can create tension or suspense and can form a connection between scenes. cut to an object, then to a person. this technique can show what a person seems to be looking at and can reveal a character's thoughts. there are quite a few examples eye-line match in this commercial.

1) the camera shows: the husband, then the car outside.
2) the camera shows: the husband, then the cut window rope, then the husband again.

see how many you can find. check out this re-enactment from mean girls for some cross-cutting fun! there are many fades in this movie trailer. notice how the fades are used to show the transition between one scene and other. notice how the fade to black enhances the already dark imagery and low lighting to create suspense. 1) the dissolve is at the start of the clip, notice how the image is slowly replaced with another.

2) there are numerous flashbacks in this clip- notice how the "fade to white" is used along with a swooshing sound when the flashback (action happening in the past) occurs you'll find (2) editing techniques in this clip: dissolve and flashback watch this clip of "scrubs" to see high
and low angle shots put into action did you see how the low angle shots made the nurse appear intimidating and the high angle shots made the delivery man appear weak and powerless? camera
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