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Train Security

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Connor Murphy

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of Train Security

Train Security
Current Passenger Security
There are multiple different train companies in Canada, each one has their own set of rules for passengers. The biggest two are Canadian Pacific Rail (CP) and Canadian National Railway (CN). These are some examples of rules that are common for train companies:
-No boarding a train without a ticket
-Passengers must show tickets when asked
-You can take up one seat per one person
-No entering or remaining on the train if you have a 'infectious or contagious disease or disorder'
-No entering or remaining on the train if you are intoxicated or in improper condition.
-At no time may you use rude, abusive,threatening, or offensive language or gestures, or behave in a indecent, rude, or offensive manner.
-You may not bother or assault other people.
-You may not pretend to be someone of authority
-No animals or annoying objects
-No Graffiti or dropping objects in front of trains
Subways have minimal security, just cameras and turnstiles, helps people get around faster

Freight Train Security/Safety
As freight trains do not carry passengers, they don't have rules so much as regulations.
Some regulations include that manifests must be kept of all cargo sent, and that all hazardous waste must be properly disposed of.
All trains must also go slower in towns and cities, but can accelerate dramatically in country.
Weight and size limitations
In event of spills (oil, Waste, etc.) special response teams
All trains expected to carry safety equipment
Working conditions monitored to ensure no accidents as result of fatigue, poor judgement, etc.
Control centers to monitor train positions on rails and prevent collisions
Breaches Of Security
Very few terrorist attacks on Canada involving trains
Only one ever succeeded
Attack on Montreal's Central Station on September 3, 1984.
Killed 3 people, wounded over 30
Several failed terrorist attacks, one in 2012
2 suspects caught and charged for attempting to derail a Via train running between Toronto and New York City.
Technical Problems
Most problems involving trains involve technical failures and/or accidents
2011, 169 crossing collisions in Canada, 25 fatal, 21 serious injuries,
67 trespasser incidents, 46 fatalities, 21 serious injuries
Approx. 37,000 railway crossings
50% vehicle-train collisions happen while signals are down
Trains take up to over 2 km to stop
Approx. 73,000 km of track
Several incidents involving derailment, chemicals, etc.
Recent accident in Quebec,
60 dead
Employee Problems
Working trains very tiring
If even one mistake is made, BOOM
May 15, 2001, CSX Transportation Freight train in Ohio gets loose, with 47 cars full of toxic and flammable chemicals
Train picked up speed, eventually stopped by other locomotive latching
on and pulling backward, slowing enough to let engineer climb aboard
and stop it.

Should It be Strengthened?
Plans For Security
Updating security for trains and subways been discussed multiple times
Many people would NOT like to see subway security increased, would take longer to board train, get to work, etc.
Many train companies considering airline-style security
Major improvements made since earlier failed attack
Improved cameras, security staff, etc.
Bullet Trains
Can reach speeds up to 200mph
Only carry passengers
Require different rails
Attacks far more devastating
ex. bomb blows up car, all cars behind moving too fast, derailment/ explosions
train derailing at 200mph slightly more damaging than train derailing at 60km/h
Plans for bullet trains in Canada, 100's of billions of dollars
Security measures will be
the same, should be better
This presentation will bring up;
-Background Info
-Current Security Protocols for passenger and freight trains, as well as subways
-Breaches of security and major accidents
-Planned developments and possible plans for security
Most companies have their own rail police force.
CP's Police force actually has legal permission to carry sidearms and arrest people on rail property, like normal police, whereas other companies can only detain people and wait for normal police to arrive.
The most commonly broken rules
are usually graffiti, boarding without a
ticket, and of course, swearing.
Of course, these are usually
unpunished, as officers are unable to
report every single person that
swears, or they aren't around when
graffiti artists are.
Now For The Quiz!
Background Info
Two groups of rail travelers- commuters and intercity
Commuters travel daily downtown for work and back at night
Intercity travelers go between cities
Intercity mostly done by Via Rail
12,500km of track for Via, 497 trains a week in 8 provinces
Carries approx. 4 million passengers each year
No figures for commuter trains (mostly subways), due to all statistics being composed of all transport for each city/company
Rail travel less used in Canada then other countries
12,500 km of track for Via (Canada) 16,500 km of track for UK
Via has 497 trips a week, UK 18,000
Airplanes, Cars more used in transportation In North America than in Europe
No high-speed rails set up in Canada
313 million tons of freight moved in 2011
Worlds largest aircraft carrier, USS Nimitz, weighs 100,000 tons
Equivalent weight of 3,130 Nimitz were transported in that one year
Many small railroads, major contributors CN and CP
Main governing body of all railroad corporations is Transport Canada
Sets standards for companies to create procedures to satisfy standard
Conducts reviews of standards and updates to reflect changes in the world
Ensure companies adhere to standards through periodic reviews
Has power to impose fines upon rail corporations
With such large quantities of people and cargo, safety is obviously a large consideration.
Is what we have now really enough, or should our safety measures be enhanced?
Lack of Security
Trains very dangerous
Nothing preventing people from breaking several rules
No extra screening or inspection into belongings and people
Thousands of kilometers of track, no surveillance on
of it
Nothing stopping pedestrians from walking over or along train tracks
Technology exists to solve all problems
Why not?
Full transcript