Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Jews and the Crusades

Explanation of Jewish involvement in the Crusades.
by

Olivia Murray

on 6 March 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Jews and the Crusades

Impact of the Crusades on Jews
The widespread massacre of the Jewish people during the Crusades fatally destabilized their economic and social position.
Christian anti-Semitism grew stronger; making the Jews less important.
Having lost control on trade and money, the Jewish people became extremely vulnerable.
Timeline of Important Events Regarding Jews and the Crusades
Their Perceptions
Possible Economic Means
The overall economy of Europe was poor: taxes were up. Add on to this, the Jewish people were persecuted constantly-forcing Jews to live as peasants or even leave their countries.
Their Cause
They were persecuted and pushed off their own land (as promised to them by God)
They were trying to protect not only their Holy Land, but just their homeland
In the fighting, synagogues were being burned and destroyed-with hiding Jewish families inside
It's only logical for the Jews to want to prevent this
Jerusalem's Significance
Jerusalem has been the central city of Judaism since 1000 B.C.E.
King David conquered a Canaanite town and made it the capital of his kingdom.
When David's son, King Solomon, built the Temple, the city became the focus of three annual pilgrimages for the Jewish people- celebrating the festivals of Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot.
Also, the Ark of the Covenant was installed in the Temple: making Jerusalem the center of worship of the God of Israel
Jews and the Crusades
Possible Economic Means
Jewish money was used to fund some Crusades, but not for their own cause:
Their Cause
The Jews were interested in the Crusades because of religious and social reasons, not so much economic reasons. The war was predominantly between Muslims and Christians; the Jews got thrown in the mix because they felt a religious obligation to the Holy Land (promised to them by God) and a social obligation to their homeland and home customs. Though it is arguable the Jew suffered the most from the Crusades.
Before the Crusades, Jews had a fairly decent relationship with Christians and Muslims. There was however prejudice due to a lack of understanding of the opposing religions (this caused tensions). These tensions sparked during the Crusades- Christians brought back their old greed for the Holy Land and absolute hatred of the Jews for crucifying Christ. In conclusion, the Jews were strongly persecuted leading to the probable solution of them seeing opposing religions as intolerant, ignorant, and brutally evil.
Jerusalem's Significance
The Jewish people base their claim to the Holy Land on at least these four ideas:
1) God promised the land to the patriarch Abraham
2) the Jewish people settled and developed the land
3) the international community granted political sovereignty in Palestine to the Jewish people
4) the territory was captured in defensive wars
The Crusaders thought The Jewish people were enemies to God.
When they plundered and killed them, the Crusaders believed it was a righteous deed, since the Jews' money could be used to fund the Crusade to Jerusalem
Possible Economic Means
AFTER THE CRUSADES (Economic Consequences):
The widespread massacre of the Jewish people during the Crusades fatally destabilized their economic and social position.
Christian anti-Semitism grew stronger; making the Jews less important.
Having lost control on trade and money, the Jewish people became extremely vulnerable.
To recap the economic effects:
Impact of the Crusades on Jews
During the Crusades and after the idea was started of a Jewish plot against the Christian world (leading to more anti-Semitism)
The massacre of thousands of innocent Jews
Synagogues, temples, and towns were destroyed- losing culture and religious symbols
Before the Crusades, Jews lived in relative peace in Christianized Europe and were explicitly protected by Papal edict, but the Crusades ended that peace and began a reign of terror and discrimination
December 1095- Anti-Semitic riots begin in Rouen, France
May 1096- Jewish residents of Trier, Germany were harshly persecuted with home invasions
May 18th- In the city of Worms, Germany, Jews were "killed like oxen and dragged through the market places and streets like sheep to slaughter". By May 20th, every Jew in Worms had been eliminated-approximately five hundred Jews
May 25th- In the city of Mainz, nearly a thousand Jewish people were slaughtered
May 27, 1096- 1,200 Jews commit suicide in Mayence to escape Count Emico, who tried to forcibly convert them.
1099- Crusaders (European Christians) capture Jerusalem and massacre tens of thousands of the city's Jews.
1115- After reconquering Toledo, Spain from the Muslims, Alphonso I invited all Jews to return.
1120 -Jews from Muslim countries begin to settle in Byzantium.

1144- Jews in Norwich, England, are accused of murdering a Christian child in what is believed to be the first ritual murder charge.
1187- Saladin, an Egyptian sultan, recaptures Jerusalem from Crusaders grants Jews permission to re-enter.
Devin, Kate^2, Thomas, Rylie, and Olivia
Full transcript