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Introduction to research methods in psychology

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Meng Estacio

on 2 September 2014

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Transcript of Introduction to research methods in psychology

Introduction to
Research Methods in Psychology

Why am I taking Research Methods 1?
The Research Process
What is research?
Research Approaches
Examples of Psychological Research
In the lab today...
Psychological research is a systematic attempt to generate information to answer a question about human cognition, emotion, behaviour or experience
The research process involves formulating a research question, theorising, hypothesising (if applicable), collecting and analysing data, and sharing of findings.
Data Analysis
This semester...
We will focus on basic descriptive and inferential statistics:
T-tests (related and unrelated)

More advanced statistical analyses to come in Semester 2 and Qualitative analyses in Year 2.
Dr Emee Vida Estacio

Short ice-breaker task
In a piece of paper, write down words or phrases that you associate with the word 'research'.
is the systematic attempt to generate information to answer a question.

Psychological research
is a systematic attempt to generate information to answer a question about human cognition, emotion, behaviour or experience.

What is research?
I am studying Psychology...
Mixed Methods
Involves the collection and analysis of numerical data to answer the research question
Involves the collection and analysis of non-numerical data (e.g. text, images) to answer the research question
Involves the use of various methods to collect and analyse data to answer the research question
Laboratory experiment
Correlational studies
Case studies
Psychometric testing
Discursive studies
Action research
Systematic reviews
Longitudinal studies
We will explore these methods in more detail in the practical lab session later...
T-tests (related and unrelated)
Correlation (Pearson’s R)
Regression analysis
Friedman’s test
Mann-Whitney U
Wilcoxon test
Spearman’s rho
Thematic analysis
Grounded theory
Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)
Conversation analysis
Discourse analysis
Research methods are used as tools for specific research aims and questions
There are three general research approaches in psychology: 1) quantitative; 2) qualitative; and 3) mixed methods
There are various ways to collect and analyse data. It is important that you recognise and select the most appropriate method to address your research questions
Explore: What is it like to be a migrant nurse in the UK?
Describe: What kinds of social bonds are formed through active musical engagement?
Researcher: Emee Estacio
Researcher: Alex Lamont
Test: Can swearing alleviate pain?
Researcher: Richard Stephens
Explain: How do individuals switch from one task to another?
Researcher: Jim Grange
Predict: Can brand names create false memories?
Researcher: Sue Sherman
Evaluate: Can medication, phenotype or a combination of the two influence memory performance in Parkinson's Disease?
Researcher: Nicky Edelstyn
Action research on health literacy
and diabetes management
Project lead: Emee Estacio
Aim: to develop a set of interventions to help individuals develop skills that can enable them to better understand health information and to navigate the healthcare system more effectively.

The Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults was used to measure baseline numeracy and reading comprehension levels.

This is a standardized test that involves the use of actual health-related materials such as directions on prescription labels, appointment slips and blood glucose values to measure health literacy.

A Photovoice exercise was facilitated with people with diabetes to explore their lived experience of managing this condition.

This was supplemented by semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals to explore how health literacy can impact upon communication with patients and their understanding of diabetes management.
Full transcript