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Transcript of Othello
Born in Stratford-on-Avon, England
Wrote 37 plays
Wrote about 154 sonnets
Started out as an actor then turned author
The Globe Theater
Original Globe was 3 stories and held about 3000 people.
Although most of Shakespeare’s plays were held there, he only owned 12% of the theatre.
Located in Southwark near the Thames River (just outside of London).
No roof so that they had sunlight so plays had to be during the day.
People often skipped work to go.
Was not allowed to be built in the city of London because crowds often became rowdy.
Why was it Built?
The Lord Chamberlain’s Men (Shakespeare’s acting troupe) needed a place to perform their plays so they could compete with other acting troupes.
Issues at the Theater
Spread of disease (the plague)
Fruits and veggies thrown at the actors if the play was bad.
Standing Room Only (Floor View)
Poor people stood during the plays.
Called the “Groundlings”.
Plays often lasted 4-6 hours and they stood the entire time.
Middle to Upper class people.
Seats wrapped around both sides of the stage.
Only upper class people.
For extra money they could get a padded seat.
Full Title: The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice
Author: William Shakespeare
Genre: Play (Tragedy)
Setting (Time): 16th Century
Setting (Place): Venice and Cyprus
Tone · Dark, ironic, melancholy, passionate, desperate, violent
A drama tells a story, usually of human conflict, through dialogue and action.
Story in dramatic form, typically emphasizing conflict in key characters and written to be preformed by actors.
Three necessary elements in a drama:
1. a story
2. told in action (movement on the stage)
3. by actors who impersonate the characters of a story
Purpose of Drama
Purpose of Drama
To provoke thought and emotion.
To present a visual and auditory experience for the audience.
Drama: Forms and Features
Exposition (sets the tone, introduces the setting, gives background)
Rising Action or Complication (sets the action in motion)
Stages of Conflict lead to the Climax of the drama
Falling Action stresses the activity of the forces opposing the hero as actions moves to the Denouement (resolution)
Dramas may include flashbacks and/or soliloquies.
Soliloquy: speech you make to yourself; a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of internal thoughts and reflection
What ideas does this word bring to mind? Write down your own definition of a tragedy.
A drama or literary work in which the main character is ruined or suffers extreme sorrow, often because of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with bad circumstances.
Othello is one of Shakespeare's few plays that does not include sub-plots. All of the action is focused on Iago's plot to bring down Othello. As a result, it is a much more focused play.
The play revolves around Othello and his ensign (left hand man) Iago, who plots to destroy Othello throughout the play.
General for the armies of Venice
It's this guy.
Othello's ensign and the villain of the play.
Othello's lieutenant (right hand man).
"Friend" of Iago and in love with Desdemona
(gasp! How inappropriate!)
Related to Brabanzio
Former governor of Cyprus
In the play, Othello falls prey to the claws of jealousy.
What causes jealousy?
How do we react when jealous?
What are the consequences of jealousy?
Lies and Deceit
Why do people lie and deceive?
Can you tell when someone is lying or deceiving you?
What are the consequences of lying and deceiving?
Iago lies and deceives more than anyone else in the history of the world.
Fate vs. Choice
Do you believe in fate or choice?
What control do we have over our own lives?
How responsible are we for the mistakes we make?
Are our lives predetermined?
Critics often argue about how responsible Othello is for his downfall.
Loyalty and Trust
What does it mean to be loyal?
Are people rewarded for loyalty?
Is it important to be loyal?
How important is trust?
When do you trust someone?
When do you lose trust in someone?
Othello has some trust issues and Iago has some major loyalty issues.
How strong is love?
What can love fall victim to?
Does love conquer all?
Othello and Desdemona put love to the test.
General - Lieutenant
Ensign - General
Stalker - Stalked
Attendant - Attendee
Daughter - Father
Governor - Former Governor
Fight each other
By William Shakespeare
Introduction to Othello