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Othello

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David Adams

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of Othello

Othello
Shakespeare
1563-1616
Born in Stratford-on-Avon, England
Wrote 37 plays
Wrote about 154 sonnets
Started out as an actor then turned author
Shakespeare wrote:
Comedies
Histories
Tragedies
The Globe Theater
Facts
Original Globe was 3 stories and held about 3000 people.
Although most of Shakespeare’s plays were held there, he only owned 12% of the theatre.
Located in Southwark near the Thames River (just outside of London).
No roof so that they had sunlight so plays had to be during the day.
People often skipped work to go.
Was not allowed to be built in the city of London because crowds often became rowdy.
Why was it Built?
The Lord Chamberlain’s Men (Shakespeare’s acting troupe) needed a place to perform their plays so they could compete with other acting troupes.
Issues at the Theater
Fights
Spread of disease (the plague)
Drug dealing
Prostitution
Theft
Fruits and veggies thrown at the actors if the play was bad.
Standing Room Only (Floor View)
Poor people stood during the plays.
Called the “Groundlings”.
Plays often lasted 4-6 hours and they stood the entire time.
Second Floor
Middle to Upper class people.
Seats wrapped around both sides of the stage.
Third Floor
Only upper class people.
For extra money they could get a padded seat.
Key Facts
Full Title: The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice
Author: William Shakespeare
Genre: Play (Tragedy)
Setting (Time): 16th Century
Setting (Place): Venice and Cyprus
Tone · Dark, ironic, melancholy, passionate, desperate, violent
Protagonist: Othello?
Venice
Cyprus
Genre: Drama
A drama tells a story, usually of human conflict, through dialogue and action.

Definition
Story in dramatic form, typically emphasizing conflict in key characters and written to be preformed by actors.
Three necessary elements in a drama:
1. a story
2. told in action (movement on the stage)
3. by actors who impersonate the characters of a story
Purpose of Drama
Purpose of Drama
To entertain.
To provoke thought and emotion.
To present a visual and auditory experience for the audience.
Drama: Forms and Features
Dramatic Structure
Exposition (sets the tone, introduces the setting, gives background)
Rising Action or Complication (sets the action in motion)
Stages of Conflict lead to the Climax of the drama
Falling Action stresses the activity of the forces opposing the hero as actions moves to the Denouement (resolution)
Dramas may include flashbacks and/or soliloquies.
Soliloquy: speech you make to yourself; a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of internal thoughts and reflection
Tragedy
What ideas does this word bring to mind? Write down your own definition of a tragedy.
Tragedy: Definition
A drama or literary work in which the main character is ruined or suffers extreme sorrow, often because of a tragic flaw, moral weakness, or inability to cope with bad circumstances.
Background
Othello is one of Shakespeare's few plays that does not include sub-plots. All of the action is focused on Iago's plot to bring down Othello. As a result, it is a much more focused play.
The play revolves around Othello and his ensign (left hand man) Iago, who plots to destroy Othello throughout the play.
Characters
Othello
General for the armies of Venice
Desdemona
Othello's wife
Iago...
Emilia
...Nope.
It's this guy.
Iago
Othello's ensign and the villain of the play.
Michael Cassio
Othello's lieutenant (right hand man).
Emilia
Iago's Wife
and
Desdemona's
attendant.
Roderigo
"Friend" of Iago and in love with Desdemona
Bianca
A prostitute
(gasp! How inappropriate!)
Brabanzio
Desdemona's Father
Lodovico
Related to Brabanzio
and Desdemona
Montano
Former governor of Cyprus
Themes
Jealousy
In the play, Othello falls prey to the claws of jealousy.
What causes jealousy?

How do we react when jealous?

What are the consequences of jealousy?
Lies and Deceit
Why do people lie and deceive?

Can you tell when someone is lying or deceiving you?

What are the consequences of lying and deceiving?
Iago lies and deceives more than anyone else in the history of the world.
Fate vs. Choice
Do you believe in fate or choice?

What control do we have over our own lives?

How responsible are we for the mistakes we make?

Are our lives predetermined?
Critics often argue about how responsible Othello is for his downfall.
Loyalty and Trust
What does it mean to be loyal?

Are people rewarded for loyalty?

Is it important to be loyal?

How important is trust?

When do you trust someone?

When do you lose trust in someone?
Othello has some trust issues and Iago has some major loyalty issues.
Love
How strong is love?

What can love fall victim to?

Does love conquer all?
Othello and Desdemona put love to the test.
Married
General - Lieutenant
Lovers
Ensign - General
Stalker - Stalked
Married
"Friends"
Attendant - Attendee
Daughter - Father
Related
Related
Governor - Former Governor
Fight each other
Shakespeare
By William Shakespeare
Drama
Introduction to Othello
Full transcript