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US in World Affairs, 1865-1914

Overview of expansionism in world affairs
by

Mr. Michael Broach

on 9 February 2013

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Transcript of US in World Affairs, 1865-1914

Expansion in World Affairs, 1865 - 1914 What was the U.S. role in world affairs prior to the
Civil War? Monroe Doctine

Reactionary

Acquisition of territory for expansion Why did this change after the Civil War? Reasons for Interest in Foreign Affairs Trade
Industrial Revolution: need for markets, resources
Protection of the western hemisphere (enforce Monroe Doctrine)
European Age of Imperialism
Is this the new manifest destiny? 1865 - 1898
Focus in the western hemisphere; annex possessions for trade 1898
Spanish-American War

Catapults the U.S. on to the world stage 1899 - 1914

Dominance in World Affairs, beginning with "TR" World War I Alaska
1867 Midway Islands, 1867

Trans-Pacific Trade routes developing 1890s: Focus on Latin America and Building a Navy Pan-American Conference, 1889
Blaine's "Big Sister" Policy

Alfred T. Mahan's book:
The Influence of Sea Power =
New steel navy!

Then... Venezuela Border Dispute Invoked the Monroe Doctrine
Told the British to keep out!

Immediate result =
British-American tensions

Long-term: Better relations! 2nd Cuban War for Independence U.S. interest WAR 1898 Rough Riders depart from Tampa Jacksonville during the war The Results? Cuba becomes a protectorate
Gains independence 1901 (Constitutional government)

Platt Amendment: right to U.S. intervention Puerto Rico


U.S. Territory Philippines

U.S. helps revolution led by Emilio Aguinaldo
Free from Spanish rule

Then...acquire as U.S. colony, rule by military governors

Result: War in the Philippines. Guam Hawaii Kingdom of Hawaii

Revolt in 1893
(Cleveland denied annexation)

Annexed in 1898 - Hey, Why not? Results Dramatic new role in world affairs

Gets even more dramatic... Panama
Independence and Canal Treaty, 1903
Construction 1903-1913 Roosevelt Corollary:
preventive intervention The Open Door in China John Hay, Secretary of State to McKinley and Roosevelt

Overall themes:
keep the door "open" to free trade in China and preserve China as one (territorial integrity)

WHY? Access to millions of consumers Reaction: Boxer Rebellion Relations with Japan Japan Roosevelt asked to settle the Russo-Japanese War
Treaty of Portsmouth, NH (1906)
TR receives the Nobel Prize

Root-Takahira Agreement (1908):
respect holdings in Pacific and Open Door in China Taft's Foreign Policy "Dollar Diplomacy"

Economic/business investments in foreign countries Roosevelt's
"Big Stick Diplomacy" Wilson's Foreign Policy "Moral or Missionary" Diplomacy

The U.S. would not recognize undemocratic, hostile or violent nations - naive?

Problems and almost war with Mexico

Backed away by 1917 - Why? World War I Our next unit...
World War I and its implications for the United States
Full transcript