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Indian Classical & Pop Music
Transcript of Indian Classical & Pop Music
The Country of India
1.2 Billion People
Over 15 spoken languages
Most populus Democracy
Since ancient India
Art & Culture prized & funded
Indian Classical from Southern India
One of two sub-styles
From Hindu/Religious Traditions
A Drone (Tanpura), A Rhythmic basis, Vocalist
The Golden Age of Carnatic Music
Thanks to British Export
The "Trinity" of Carnatic Vocalists
D. K. Pattammal, M. L. Vasanthakumari and M. S. Subbulakshmi
Indian Classical from Northern India
Distinct from Carnatic due to Arab/Persian Influence
The Vedic Tradition + Persian Musiqi-e assil
"the science of art/music"
Ragas and Talas
Raga establishes melodic content
Tala establishes rhythmic content
A Life in Hindustani Music
Introduced the world to Indian music
Including Rock N' Roll!
Evolution for a Modern Age
Changed Indian music through collaboration and composition
Early Life and Career
Born in Varanasi, India 1920
1930's Paris, France
Toured with his brother's indian dance group
1934: The Maihar Court
Court Musician: Allauddin Khan
Became Shankar's "Guru"
1938 - 1944: Training
The Gurukul Tradition
Pupil and Guru living together
Shankar lived with Khan's family
Rigorous training and performance
Had to play and work almost constantly
Gave first public recitals
Becoming a Legend
Cultural Delegation to the USSR
Turned down a chance to play in NYC
Alli Akbar Khan
Toured the UK, Germany, US
Monterey Pop, 1967
A Changing Landscape:
Started working with musicians outside the Hindustani/Carnatic Traditions
Philip Glass - American Composer
George Harrison - The Beatles
Criticized heavily by "Purists"
Continued to play and educate until his death in 2012
Ravi and Annoushka Shankar
An Entertaining Amalgam:
Combination of Styles
Popular Music from around the world
American Rock 'N Roll
Ahmed Rushdi: "Ko Ko Korina", 1966
A Basis for a Style
Hindi-Language Film Industry
Molded after the "Golden Age" of cinema
Usually includes several popluar song numbers
Very elaborate dance sequences
"Jaan Pehechaan Ho"
Lata Mangeshkar: The Voice of Indian Pop Music
Her iconic voice takes Indian music out of India as used by Western electronic producer Four Tet