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Indian Classical & Pop Music

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by

Greg Lloyd

on 3 February 2016

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Transcript of Indian Classical & Pop Music

The Music of Indian: Classical, & Pop Music in the World's Largest Democracy
The Country of India
1.2 Billion People
Over 15 spoken languages
Most populus Democracy
Early Advancement
Since ancient India
Art & Culture prized & funded

Carnatic Music
Indian Classical from Southern India
One of two sub-styles
From Hindu/Religious Traditions
Common Traits:
A Drone (Tanpura), A Rhythmic basis, Vocalist
The 1930's
The Golden Age of Carnatic Music
Thanks to British Export
The "Trinity" of Carnatic Vocalists
D. K. Pattammal, M. L. Vasanthakumari and M. S. Subbulakshmi
Hindustani Music
Indian Classical from Northern India
Distinct from Carnatic due to Arab/Persian Influence
The Vedic Tradition + Persian Musiqi-e assil
"the science of art/music"
More Instrumental
Ragas and Talas
Usually monophonic
Raga establishes melodic content
Tala establishes rhythmic content
Ravi Shankar
A Life in Hindustani Music
World-Wide Popularity
Introduced the world to Indian music
Extreme Influence
Including Rock N' Roll!
Evolution for a Modern Age
Changed Indian music through collaboration and composition
Early Life and Career
Finding Music
Born in Varanasi, India 1920
1930's Paris, France
Toured with his brother's indian dance group
Uday Shankar
1934: The Maihar Court
Court Musician: Allauddin Khan
Became Shankar's "Guru"
1938 - 1944: Training
Continuous Training
The Gurukul Tradition
Pupil and Guru living together
Shankar lived with Khan's family
Rigorous training and performance
Had to play and work almost constantly
Solo Performance
Gave first public recitals
Becoming a Legend
The 1950's:
Extensive Touring
Cultural Delegation to the USSR
1954
The USA
Turned down a chance to play in NYC
Alli Akbar Khan
Left AIR
Toured the UK, Germany, US
Recorded
Three Ragas
in 1956
Performance Style
Very energetic
Educational
Monterey Pop, 1967
Later Years
A Changing Landscape:
Started working with musicians outside the Hindustani/Carnatic Traditions
Philip Glass - American Composer
George Harrison - The Beatles
Criticized heavily by "Purists"
Continued to play and educate until his death in 2012
Ravi and Annoushka Shankar
Indi-Pop!
An Entertaining Amalgam:
Combination of Styles
Carnatic/Hindustani
Folk Music
Popular Music from around the world
African Beat
American Rock 'N Roll
Ahmed Rushdi: "Ko Ko Korina", 1966
A Basis for a Style
Bollywood
Hindi-Language Film Industry
Molded after the "Golden Age" of cinema
Hollywood, USA
Usually includes several popluar song numbers
Like....a lot...
Very elaborate dance sequences
"Jaan Pehechaan Ho"
From
Gumnaam
, 1965
"Zoobi Doobi"
From
Three Idiots
, 2009
Lata Mangeshkar: The Voice of Indian Pop Music
Her iconic voice takes Indian music out of India as used by Western electronic producer Four Tet
Full transcript