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Transcript of URBAN
Birth in 19th Century.
Ensure Quality of Life
Planning as layout
Land and urban relationship
New models of
BEFORE XIX CENT.
Comprehensive in advance
Functional and hygienist
Typical until 1930's
Owners agreement to give up land for infrastructures
On existing city
Real Estate Bussines
Household type: Dwelling
New Planning tools
Planning as a project
Began with the 73's crisis
Many factors affects it:
economic, social, mobility, environmental...
Many professionals are involved:
architects, engineers, geographers, sociologists...
European Commission guidelines
National Laws (e.g. Land Law)
Regional Laws (e.g. Environmental)
Due to land organization, many public authorities are involved in its development
Planned in 1859.
Inspired in the Plan Cerdá
Established diffent land uses
Gran Vía, Madrid 1899. José López Sallabery y Fco. Andrés Octavio Palacios
Ciudad Lineal. Arturo Soria. Madrid 1882
Human beings are social
Appearance of agriculture
Needs of relationship, learning...
Planned Grid pattern
Antic Greece and Rome
Location in function of basic needs
Prevision of public spaces: Agora and Foro
Organization by boroughs
Defense, Economy and Religion
Relation with the surroundings