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URBAN

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by

José Luis Juan Moratiel

on 23 December 2013

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Transcript of URBAN

PLANNING
CHARACTERISTICS
URBAN
Birth in 19th Century.
Ensure Quality of Life
Complexity
Multidisciplinary
Hierarchy
Governmental
CURRENT PLANNING
Planning as layout
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Technical advances
Historic Evolution
Multimanagement
Land and urban relationship
Migration
Social changes
Capitalism's birth
New models of
City Expansion
Tension
Center-Periphery
SETTLEMENTS
BEFORE XIX CENT.
EVOLUTION
Comprehensive in advance
Punctual Planning
Functional and hygienist
Typical until 1930's
Global outlook
Scientific Planning
"Spatial" Planning
Ensanche
Expansion
Orthogonal layout
Owners agreement to give up land for infrastructures
"Stage Plan"
City-beautiful
On existing city
Monumental character
Barroquisme
Real Estate Bussines
Garden city
Expansion
Landscape character
Household type: Dwelling
In Spain:
Working-class colonies
Garden colonies
New Planning tools
based on
hierarchy
Global Plan

"Small Plans"

Planning as a project
Began with the 73's crisis
Interior reorganization
Complexity
Many factors affects it:
economic, social, mobility, environmental...
Multidisciplinary
Many professionals are involved:
architects, engineers, geographers, sociologists...
Hierarchy
Global Protocols
European Commission guidelines
National Laws (e.g. Land Law)
Regional Laws (e.g. Environmental)
Master Plans
Special Plans...
Institutions
Due to land organization, many public authorities are involved in its development
PLAN CASTRO
Planned in 1859.
Inspired in the Plan Cerdá
Established diffent land uses
Gran Vía, Madrid 1899. José López Sallabery y Fco. Andrés Octavio Palacios
Ciudad Lineal. Arturo Soria. Madrid 1882
Human beings are social
Appearance of agriculture
Neolithic
Needs of relationship, learning...
Planned Grid pattern
Antic Greece and Rome
Location in function of basic needs
Prevision of public spaces: Agora and Foro
Organization by boroughs
Defense, Economy and Religion
Middle Ages
Relation with the surroundings
Full transcript