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SS 20 Chapter 6 Part D

Ultranationalism in Japan

Dawn Kissel

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of SS 20 Chapter 6 Part D

Hirohito became the emperor of Japan when his father died in 1926. He was worshipped as arahitogami, a god who is human. How might the idea of the emperor as a demigod - a being who is partly divine- feed into the development of ultranationalism? How did ultranationalism develop in Japan? During WW1, Japan supported the Allies, after the war Japanese exports to Europe and the US increased. But what happened in 1929? What did this do? The Great Depression caused countries to limit imports from Japan and people lost their jobs. Feelings of hostility began. 1932, massive failure of rice crops caused famine throughout the country. How are people beginning to feel? Finally, the US, Canada, and Australia shut out Japanese immigrants. 1937, the military controlled the Japanese government and Japan was at war with China. Military leaders brought back traditional warrior values:
obedience to the emperor and the state
cult was created around Hirohito What does this type of ultranationalism do to people? What are people willing to do? Ultranationalism worked to rid Japan of democracy and to make the country a one-party state ruled by the military. Hirohito (Son of Heaven) was not involved in politics. In 1941, General Tojo Hideki became prime minister and transformed Japan into a military dictatorship. Tojo worked his way up through the ranks. He had a long warrior family tradition behind him. Ultranationalists promoted a return to ancient values that were woven into the country's social and political fabric.
worship emperor as demigod
our people are superior to all others
mission ordained by heaven
foreign policy assuring world we are good :) See similarities between Germany ??
Students taught to idealize the past
take pride in race and culture
practise duty and obedience as the highest virtues
Western books, values and culture were scorned, ideals of Nazi Germany were praised. Militarism and national defence were priorities. Fanatic militarists preached a doctrine that included contempt for death, exaltation of victory, and blind obedience. What did we call Japanses soldiers willing to die by the thousands, in order to honour their nation, emperor, and values? Kamikaze pilots began crashing their planes into Allied ships. They were willing to die by the thousands, without question, for their nation. You are taught to question at every turn. Are you beginning to see how ultranationalism develops? Shinto, the national Japanese religion, was also used for ultranationalism. Shinto teaches that the souls of the dead remain in the land of their birth and that they protect the living. When you went to fight, you would be protected by thousands if not millions of others before you. Fight with the strenght of great warriors around you!
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