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Transcript of Animation techniques
For this prenstation I had to research the following animation techniques
The zoetrope was invented in the 19th century by a man called William Horner. It was first brought into England in 1834.
When you place a strip of drawings inside the zoetrope's drum, spin it and look through the slots, you will see the images come to life.
The zoetrope will give you hours of fun.The faster you spin the wheel the smoother the picture will be.
The kinetoscope was Invented by Thomas A. Edison and William Dickson in 1891. A strip of film was passed rapidly between a lens and an electric light bulb while the viewer watched, through a peephole. Behind the peephole was a spinning wheel with a narrow slit that acted as a shutter, permitting a momentary view of each of the 46 frames passing in front of the shutter every second.
A flip book is a collection of pictures that need to be flicked page by page to give the illusion of movement and create a story from a small book without a machine.
The flip book became very popular at the end of the 19th and early 20th century.
The rotoscope was invented in 1915 by Max Fleischer. Rotoscoping is a animation technique that animators use to go over live film action frame by frame. Rotoscoping was also used to make the 1978 Lord of The Rings cartoon.
Here is a example of a advenced flip book
Still photography uses still images and is also known as promotional stills. In the studio someone would sit and click a camera taking photos of the actors during a film and sound recording, rather then doing it at separate times
claymation was made and Will Vinton and he owns a claymation studio. The effect is taking loads of pictures so he can make it look like a movie. The most famous claymation film is Wallace and Gromet.
The first ever digital application was Toy story 1 (1995). It was made purely using computers, since then animation techniques have advanced at a fast rate and now there are several major studios whom release several animations per year.
Stop frame animation is where a picture or a scene are captured by a camera. For each image you move a little bit so when you play the scene it looks like it is moving. A good example of this animation is Coraline.
Cel animation (drawn on film)
Cel animation is the simple process of drawing straight onto a cel and then placing the cel over a static background. Cel animation was popular until the release of computer generated cartoons, since then the techique has become all but obsolete.