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Introduction to Frankenstein
Transcript of Introduction to Frankenstein
Gothic and Literary Elements:
On to Chapter 1...
Who is Frankenstein?
Mysterious, Emotional, & Supernatural
We hear the story much like Mrs. Margaret Saville would: piece by piece as Walton relays it. Because it is a frame story, we can anticipate three things:
The story will now shift into Victor Frankenstein's first person perspective.
The story will return to Walton's perspective at the end.
Walton will become a part of the story.
You - reading the novel
Shelley's preface that this is a ghost story sets the tone for a mysterious thriller
The desolate climate of the arctic seas and the boundaries set by the ice demonstrate the powerful and antagonistic force of nature
Walton's perspective creates an uncomfortable distance between the reader and the tale, adding to the suspense. Through his own perspective, he recounts the supernatural experience told to him by Victor Frankenstein.
Shelley introduces a mixture of emotions by having Walton be incredibly motivated and inspired to pursue his journey, but devastatingly lonely.
Likewise, Frankenstein is horrified by the pursuit of the monster, but grateful and relieved by Walton's assistance.
Who is Mary Shelley?
Born August 30, 1797 in London
Her parents were well-known
Second wife of author Percey Bysshe Shelley
A life filled with death: mother, daughter, half-sister, Percey's first wife, daughter and son, and finally her husband - all before she turned 25!
She wrote Frankenstein in 1816; it was published in 1818.
She dedicated her life to writing and tending to Percey's works.
Died February 1, 1851 in London.
Mrs. Saville - reading the letters
Robert Walton - listening to Victor Frankenstein
Mary Shelley - preface "ghost story"
The inventor; not the monster!
His name: Victor Frankenstein
"Victor" was frequently used to describe God in John Milton's 1667 epic Paradise Lost
"Frankenstein" probably originated because the Shelleys visited Castle Frankenstein in Germany
Victor plays God by creating a man
The monster is never named, though he does read Paradise Lost in the novel
A site that explains the Prometheus Myth:
Click here to view a Map of Walton's travels. http://goo.gl/maps/PClpu
"Unhappy man! Do you share my madness? Have you drunk also of the intoxicating draught? Hear me; let me reveal my tale, and you will dash the cup from your lips" (25).
Victor and Robert are similar.
Text to Text Connection: The Myth of Prometheus
Text to Text Connection:
The Never-Ending Story
Robert meets Victor in the middle of his adventure.
About Gothic Romanticism
Elements of Gothic Romanticism