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AP World History: Byzantine Empire

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Sophia Inaba

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of AP World History: Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire By Sophia Inaba The Beginnings Who was Constantine? Rome was Five Themes the end no breaks in ap In 286ce, during the Roman Empire, Diocletian who was ruling at the time split the empire into two. Diocletian split it in the hopes of maintaining better control over such a vast empire. The empire was also on the verge of collapsing due to the combinations of invading tribes, inflation, and epidemics. A good guy. He built Constantinople. Constantine was a co-emperor and ordered for the city to be built at the site of the Greek city, Byzantium. The city became the capital and flourished. The two empires of the east and west were once again able to unite under one ruler. When he dropped dead... The empire could not uphold the pressure from invading Germanic tribes. It split again into the West and East. The Eastern half came to be known as the Byzantine Empire with Constantinople as its capital. The Western half completely collapsed when Attila and his Huns invaded the Germanic tribes such as the Visigoths. The Germanic tribes, who were on the borders of the Roman Empire, had no choice but to press into Roman territory and take over. The Western Empire was no more by 476ce. dead...but they were united under the Catholic Church. MEAN WHILE The Byzantine was alive and flourishing! More about the Byzantine Empire itself.. The Byzantine was different from Western Europe in multiple ways. culture They were more similar to Eastern cultures, like Persia's, than Western European cultures. They also spoke Greek and practiced Orthodox Christianity. government Similarly to the Islamic Empires, they were centralized and organized. On the other hand, Western Europe, or the Holy Roman Empire, practiced feudalism and were decentralized. Who was Justinian? An important dude. Under his rule, Constantinople became a trade and cultural center and flourished once again. The Justinian Code Justinian created a codification of Roman law and preserved Roman principles. In addition to the developments in arts and sciences, the Hagia Sophia, which was a cathedral (now a mosque,) was built under Justinian. ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY Orthodox Christians generally disagreed with the Catholics over various practices such as... ..marriage of priests... ..use of local languages in the churches... ..and even the nature of God. EVENTUALLY, the Holy Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire couldn't handle their differences. They split even further. 1054ce
The empire and the Christian religion split in what is also known as a schism. The pope of the Catholic Church exocommunicated the patriarch of Constantinople...
..and the patriarch exocommunicated the pope. CRUSADES They were military campaigns done by Christians to convert non-Christians to Christianity. In the fourth Crusade, Constantinople is sacked by the Western Europeans but later is taken back by the Byzantine; however, the city was taken over by the empire's rivals, the Turks. Also known as the Ottomans, they were led by Mehmed II, and the Byzantine Empire ended in 1453. Social Economy Interactions with Environment Culture Political Strictly patriarchal Women did not have a say in court cases and could not own property. They could not get an education, and those in the upper class wore veils. Constantinople was an important trade center.
They started using coin money for easier economic processes.
They thrived in silk production, which they learned from the Chinese through the Silk Road. Population increased since Constantinople became a cultural center. It was meant to attract merchants and people.
The region was also affected by the Bubonic Plague in the late 1340s because it spread from the Silk Road. Different from Western Europe
Greek language
Orthodox Christianity
Popular for the cathedral Hagia Sophia and new artistic tactics like the mosaic Headed by patriarch
Authoritarian
Not controlled by the church (Church had secular rulers)

Unlike the Holy Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire had decentralized religious authority and centralized political authority. In addition, he was a key figure in spreading Christianity. He issued the Edict of Milan which allowed Christian practice, and he himself converted as well.
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