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Mummification

Mummies
by

Ashley Young

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Mummification

Ashley Young Mummification Finally they buried their dead in coffins to protect them
from wild animals. But they realized the bodies still decayed. Over many centuries they came with the method
of preserving bodies. The Egyptians buried their dead
in small pits in the desert. The heat and dryness dehydrated the bodies quickly. Mummification wasn't only for
humans you could also mummify animals. You to eliminate the source of decay. Each one of these elements played an important
role in the well being of an individual. Each was necessary to achieve rebirth into the afterlife The Egyptians believed that there were six
important aspects that made up a human being: the
physical body, shadow, name, ka (spirit),ba (personality),
and the akh (immortality). This is why efforts were made to protect the name.
A cartouche (magical rope) was used to surround the name and protect it. A person's name was given to them at birth and would live for as long as
that name was spoken. A person could not exist with out a
shadow, nor the shadow without the person. The shadow was represented as a small human figure painted completely black. With the exception of the akh, all these
elements join a person at birth. A
person's shadow was always present. From May 21, to June 25, 1994 A.D. a team of scientists from The University of Maryland and The Long Island University performed the first human mummification in nearly 2,000 years. The human-headed Imsety looked after the liver; Hapy, a baboon, guarded the lungs; Duamutef, a jackal, protected the stomach; and Qebehsenuef, a falcon, cared for the intestines. Canopic jars. One of Horus's four sons was
represented on the lid of each jar. They dried the body with a salt-mixture called natron.
Natron is a natural substance found near the Nile River.
Natron is made up of four salts sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, and sodium sulfate. They mummified animals as companions
for the after-life. . 1. Wash the body in good smelling soap
2. Remove internal organs and put them
in jars
3. Remove the brain through the nostrils
Put the body in three different coffins.
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