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Cognitive Development of Primary Schoolers
Transcript of Cognitive Development of Primary Schoolers
INFORMATION- PROCESSING SKILLS
JEAN PIAGET's CONCRETE OPERATIONAL STAGE
Jean Piaget is the foremost theorist when it comes to cognitive development. According to him, intelligence is the basic mechanism of ensuring balance in the relations between the person and the environment. Everything that a persons has experiences is a continous process of assimilations and accomodations. Piaget describe four main periods of cognitive development. For Paiget, intellectual ability is not the same as different ages.
is the third stage of piaget's theory of cognitive development. It spans from ages 7 to approximately 11 years. In this developmental stage, children have better understanding of their thinking skills. Children begin to think logically about concrete events , particularly their own experiences, but have difficulty understanding abstract or hypothetical concepts, thus most of them still have a hard time at problem-solving
concrete operational thinkers, according to piaget, can already make use of inductive logic. Indcutive logic - involves thinking from specific experience to a general principle. But at this stage, children have a great difficulty in using deductive logic. or using a general principle to determine the outcome of a specific event.
one of the most important developments in this stage is an understanding of reversibility, or awareness that actions can be reversed. An example of this is being able to reverse the order of relationships between mental categories.
For example: (In arithmetic)
3+4=7 and -4= 3
Elementary-aged children encounter developmental milestones. They develop certain skills within a particular time frame. The skills they learn are in sequential manner, meaning they need to understand numbers before they can perform a mathematical equation. Each milestone that develops is dependent upon the previous milestone they achieved. Up until age 8, a child learns new skills at a rapid pace. Once they reach the age of 8, the skills they learn start to level off and it usually is a steady increase of new skills.
Specifically, young primary school aged children can tell left from right. They are able to speak and express themselves develop rapidly. In school they share about themlves and families. During play, they practice using words and language they learn in school. They start to understand time and days of the week. They enjoy rhymes and riddles and jokes. Their attention span is longer. They can follow more involved stories. By six, most can read words or combination of words.
Several theorist argue that like the computer, the human mind is a system that can process information through the application of the logical rules and strategies. They also believe that the mind receives information, performs operations to change its form and content, stores and locates it and generates responses