Transcript of Westard Expansion Prezi!
Westward On !! By : Mandy Miller & Arizona Rasnick The path to westward expansion began a long time ago, on October 20th, 1803, with the Louisiana Purchase. Many different cultural groups joined in on the Westward expansion. Farmers, Indians, Mormons, miners, settlers, explorers, and not to mention the industries, and businesses that moved westward as well. They all traveled from the east coast, all the way to the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains. This meant that America had doubled its original size, and provided its people with more land to grow, and prosper. Nationalism was taking over the people, who were showing their pride, and joy for their country. Lewis & Clark Intro Paragraph In 1803 Meriwether Lewis asked and chosen by President Jefferson to be the commander of an expedition to the west. That same year Lewis asked his old friend from the army, William Clark, to help him be on the expedition. One of the main reasons that Lewis chose Clark was not only because he was his friend. He chose his because he had very nice skills from being in the army. As they traveled closer and closer to the Rocky Mountains they started to encounter many new and different animals and plants such as: buffalo, pronghorn, coyotes, snakes, rabbits, elk, moose, and the Rocky Mountian Spruce Tree, The Louisiana Territory (Purchase) In 1802, Louisiana was just about to be handed over to France and Spain, but before the countries could get their hands on it the city of New Orleans was closed up. Farmers, mostly in the south, were angry because they thought this would hurt the economy. President Jefferson Had contacted Robert R. Livingston, France, to try to buy New Orleans. Jefferson sent James Monroe to go help Livingston with this issue. Napoleon offered to sell Louisiana for $15 million. Livingston and Monroe jumped for the offer. Jefferson loved to get the news, but he hated that he had to pay that large amount for Louisiana. Jefferson finally bought the state. On October 20, 1803, the Senate approved the Louisiana Purchase Agreement. After buying this portion of the country, it roughly doubled the size of the United States. After President Jefferson bought this large land, in 1804 he sent out army men Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to go and explore this large country. Mountain Men Life as a mountain man was harsh. Mountain men were pioneers that were charting the west frontier. In the 1840s, since the pioneers knew the routes that they covered, they became guides for people moving across the plains. Jim Bridger is one of the most popular mountain men of that period. He trapped beaver, traded fur, and he found passes through the mountains. He is mostly famous for discovering the Great Salt Lake in 1824. He spoke many languages such as English, Spanish, French, and a number of Indian languages. When the trading of fur declined, Bridger built Fort Bridger on the Oregon Trail. The fort was used for travelers to restock and repair their wagons. The fort also contained a shop and a blacksmith. Mormon Trail Oregon Trail California Gold Rush Indian Removal Act Mexican-American War Second Great Awakening Battle Of San Jacinto Santa Fe Trail The Mormon's were people who's journey was religious. They believed it was their destiny to travel, explore, and settle the west, because God had told them to do so. They kept the church close, and listen very closely to what the church had to say about things. The Mormons shared their path with others as well, the Oregonians, and the Californians. The path was also a two way trail... back and forth, forth and back. The time this trail was used any where from 1846 to 1869. The trail was approximately 1300 miles long, and was from Nauvoo, Illinous to the Great Salk Lake City. The trail was an ancient passageway used frequently by merchant-traders from Missouri to trade goods to Santa Fe for exchange for fur and other available goods. The founder of the trail William Becknell, a Missouri trader, was the first to follow this trail in 1821. In 1822, Becknell thought the best way of trading would be to use wagons instead of mules and/or horses packed with the persons' belongings. In 1825, the trail grew so popular that Congress created an official survey of the route. By the 1880s, the trail was shortened at the eastern end of the trail. With the coming of the new Santa Fe Railroad, the trail was eventually abandoned. Texas Revolution In the early days the Oregan trail was nearly 2000 miles longs, and used by many people. The Oregan trail was created by using natural land marks, and eventually the trail was worn down, and noticeable to all who needed or wanted to travel it. The trail's regular use was from 1843 and around until the 1870s. Many people took the Oregan trail, settlers, farmers, and fur trappers were the many well known people who stepped foot on the trail. Many hardships were encountered, but the settlers couldn't fight their dreams, hopes, and futures. In January 1848, a man named James Marshall discovered gold while building a saw mill. It finally reached a news paper in March, but it didn't cause that much of a stir becuase people didn't believe it. The real thing that began the Gold Rush was when a man found a jar of Gold in the American River. He came to the town screaming "Gold! Gold! Gold in the American River!" Now that there was proof, the gold rush had finally begun. Tons of people fled to California, some leaving with only the clothes on their backs, and not an ounce of money in their pockets. Some of the people arrived in wagons, on animals, or in ships. Sailing from around the world. The gold rush didn't just bring in Northern Americans, it brought in Asians as well. Asians were sadly abused during the gold rush, and mistreated because they were normally laborers. This massive migration began in 1848, and ended around 1856. This was one of the largest migrations of people known to man! The Alamo Manifest Destiny The Indian Removal Act was a cruel action taken by white people to rid the Indians of the land they wanted. This awful act began in the year of 1830, the year president Andrew Jackson decided to make the document stating that all Indians were to move west of the Mississippi River, and hopefully out of white settlers way. The Indian's however did not take it as peacefull ask Jackson wanted them too. Some of the Indians decided to take peacefull measures, and simply sighn the treaty, and move west, but others tribes wouldn't move off of their land without a fight. From 1830 to about 1838, Jackson and the Native Americans butted heads on the dispute. Sadly, overpowered by the white man most of the Indians moved west of the Mississippi. The Mexican-American war began on April 25, 1846. A group of Mexican cavalry attacked a stationed group of American soldiers on the Texas border, who were there in case of disputes between the governments, or people. Soon, more attacks became frequent, and America struck back, being sucessful enough to only have to win a few major battles. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo came up, and saved both parties from, what could have been, a long lasting war. The traty was signed February 2, 1848. The Second Great Awakening was a late sweep of religious survival that spread westward in America. It revived old way, and teaching that were only common in Europe, that came back to America. Religious pride was also restored to America, the Second Great Awakening, began around the beginning of the 19th century. The Second Great Awakening brought with it positive feelings, and new things not that common in America, such as help for the handicap, prison reform, and help for the mentally ill. Stronger work ethnic were noted, and Methodist and Baptist churches were becoming more common. The battle of San Jacinto was fought on April 21, 1836. The battle may have only lasted about 20 minutes, but it marked t yet, another time America rose up. The famous, "Remember the Alamo!" and "Remember Goliad!" were etched into Texas's history. The very next day, the ruler of Mexico, Santa Anna, was captured. This lead to the independence of Texas, and thus Texas and America making a treaty, and Texas joining America as a state. This revolution began with the Battle of Gonzales in 1835. The Mexican were nervous about the fight so they decided to disarm them. The Mexican were trying to retrieve a large cannon to fight off Indian attacks. Since he Texans did not allow any Mexican entry, they fired first. The Mexicans retreated but the Texans knew that this fight was the first of many. Late that year Texans attacked the city of San Antonio because the Mexicans were planning for a massive punitive. General Martin Perfecto de Cos admitted defeat and surrendered. In 1836, the Texans divided their army and fought for one last fight. One of the divided halves had most of their men die in the battle. Santa Anna, a general that died in the war. signed a document that ordered all Mexicans to leave Texas and recognize its independece. The Battle of San Jacinto will be know as the battle that gained Txas its independence. In 1835, the Alamo was a former Franciscan mission located near the present-day city of San Antonio. The general of the Mexican army sent thousands of soldiers to siege the fort. The Alamo only had around 200 defenders, led by James Bowie, William Travis, and Frontiersman Davy Crockett. The Alamo army held out for 13 days, but the Mexican army overpowered them. For Texans, even though they lost the fight, the Battle of Alamo was a significant sign about how much they wanted Texas to have independence. People had a sudden urge to move west into the United States after the Second Great Awakening. Many settlers believed that God blessed the new great and growing nation. The Native Americans were thought as heathens. By Christianizing the Native tribes, American missionaries believed that they could save souls, and they became one of the first of many people to cross the Mississippi River. The main topic about the Manifest Destiny was the pervasive belief in American cultural and racial superiority. The Indians had long been perceived as inferior, and efforts to "civilize" them had been widespread throught the country. The Hispanics the took over Texas and lucrative ports in California were also seen as "backward". Works Cited "Mexican-American War." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Full transcript
1996. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. "Santa Fe Trail History." n.d. Web.