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St. Paul

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Melissa Damur

on 21 July 2017

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Transcript of St. Paul

Who was he?
St. Paul
Just who was this man who "turned the world upside down" (Acts 17:6, RSV) with the Gospel?

Saul to Paul
New "apostle of Christ Jesus"
(1 Cor 1:1)
-In Damascus,miraculously of his blindness and was baptized

-Learnt from believers

-Paul began sharing his new faith right away in the local synagogues of Damascus, where Jewish people gathered to worship.
-religious zealot who persecuted Christians
- viewed Christians as a threat to Pharisaic traditions
-first encounter Paul at the stoning of St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr
- Paul "was trying to destroy the church; entering house after house and dragging out men and women, he handed them over for imprisonment" (Acts 8:3).
Did people see Paul in a new light?
-uproar when the young Pharisee began "preaching the faith he once tried to destroy" (Gal 1:23)
-the Jewish religious leaders opposed to the Christian movement were seeking to kill Paul
-Persecutor had become the persecuted
- fled to Arabia (or Nabatea)
- he returned to Damascus, but he had to flee once more, by being lowered secretly in a basket through the city wall.

-Paul went back to Jerusalem to get acquainted with the apostles, to be taught by them and to seek their recognition of his own vocation
-He stayed awhile with St. Peter and continued preaching
- again facing dangerous opposition, he withdrew into the regions of Syria and Cilicia, his home province.
- most energentic person in N.T.
-30 year career
-travelled the Roman Empire
-preached the good news
-suffered persecution and imprisonment
-debated with philosophers
-wrote letters found in N.T. (i.e. letters to the Corinthians)
- his call was as the apostle to the non-gentiles
-fulfilled his call in his journeys to (now) Turkey and Greece
Three Missionary Journeys
-travelled extensive but clustered into 3 journeys

-Born 7 to 10 A.D.
historical sources for Paul's life:
his letters & Acts of the Apostles & othes outside of Scripture.
- a citizen of Tarsus
-Roman citizenship by birth, a status that carried considerable prestige.
-Jewish name "Saul", Gentile name "Paul"
-Well-educated, tent-maker by trade

On the road to Damascus, the Risen Christ himself showed up, in an appearance so powerful that it knocked Paul to the ground and blinded him

"I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting," said the Lord

Then He gave the trembling man instructions about how he was to begin the radically new life that lay ahead for him.
Persecuting Christians "second founder" of Christianity....what?
-in each place he preached first in the local Jewish synagogue, then to the Gentiles of the area

-plant new local churches, move on to preach in other cities and then follow up again
(through visits or letters) i.e.) St.Paul's letters to the Galatians
Characteristics of Paul's missionary journey
Pauline Epistles

-1 and 2 Corinthians
-1 and 2 Thessalonians
-1 and 2 Timothy

These letters provided the young churches he had founded with instruction, correction, inspiration and encouragement.

50% of New Testament books
The Sacrifice of St.Paul
-endured remarkable suffering for the sake of his mission

- multiple imprisonments and more
(2 Cor 11:24-27)
Missionary and Martyr
-ancient and reliable tradition:
-martyred under the Roman emperor Nero sometime after the year 64 --
-perhaps in the same persecution of Christians when St. Peter was crucified
-Paul was beheaded and then buried on the Via Ostiensis at a place now marked by the basilica of St. Paul-outside-the-Walls (of Rome).

"the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God" (Eph 6:17).

-What role did the Law play in St. Paul’s life and how did this affect his relationship with the Christian community?

-Why was St.Paul the right person to be preaching to the Gentiles?

-What impact did St. Paul have on the Christan movement? and how?

-How did he deal with persecutions? Are we persecuted in the same manner?

July 1, 2013: National Review Online, “The Shadow War Against Syria’s Christians”
June 28, 2013: Daily News, “Go to the barricades for religious liberty; Christians are the most persecuted creed worldwide”
June 21, 2013: NATIONAL CATHOLIC REGISTER, “Congressman Attacks ‘Anemic’ U.S. Response to Christian Persecution”
June 12, 2013: GATESTONE INSTITUTE, “U.S. Defends “Human Rights” of Persecutors of Christians; Muslim Persecution of Christians: March, 2013”
June 8, 2013: VATICAN INSIDER, ‘“At least 10,000 Catholics live their faith in secret in North Korea”‘
May 28, 2013: Catholic News Service, “Vatican officials decry persecution of Christians around the world”
May 07, 2013: FoxNews, “The mass exodus of Christians from the Muslim world”
April 22,2013: GATESTONE INSTITUTE, “The Siege of Egypt’s St. Mark Cathedral; An Insider’s Account”
April 18, 2013: GATESTONE INSTITUTE, “Muslim Persecution of Christians: February, 2013. Half of the Victims Were under the Age of Six”
April 16, 2013: FRONTPAGE MAG, “Silence as the Christians Die”
April 13, 2013: Catholic News Agency, “At DC event, Christian converts recount captivity in Iran”
April 4, 2013: FOX NEWS, “Kidnappers target Christians in Egypt”
February 8, 2013: Catholic News Agency, “Report finds Chinese persecution of Christians rising”
January 24, 2013: Catholic News Agency, “Imprisoned Christian pastor banned from trial”
January 8, 2013: NEWSMAX, “About 100 Million Christians Persecuted around the World”
What can we Catholics, learn from St. Paul's life and missionary work?

Consider the following questions in your answer:
Christianity and Judaism
Rabbinic Judaism and Christianity parted ways toward the end of the 1st century

Acts 10:34-36, 42-43 = Preaching to everyone!

the new covenant of Jesus = the fulfillment of God’s covenant with Israel

Rejection & Crucifixion

Council of Jerusalem 50 A.D. (Acts 15)

Acts 7:54
Acts 9:3–9
Full transcript