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ETHICS

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stela bella

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of ETHICS

Environmental Ethics
Bentham's utilitarianism
Categorical Imperative
Virtue ethics
Environmental pragmatism
"The open-ended inquiry into the real life problems of humanity's relationship with the environment"

Innovation
Take in all perspectives - Workability
deal with best information available
doesn't follow any ethical theory
American Pragmatism
"Sustainability"
Create competitive advantage
--> consider environment as a business opportunity
Main drivers of environmental responsibility
innovation/cost savings
consumer demand/social pressure
environmentalism
Agenda
Kulkarni
Environmental Discrimination
Discussion
Driscoll, Starik
-Environment as a Primordial Stakeholder
Form 4 groups and explain the main points of your assigned term!

Summary
Ethics and the Environment
Explain & Name a company
Conclusion
Efforts to safeguard the natural environment must go hand-in-hand with efforts to achieve more equitable distributions of power and wealth in human societies...
Power

socially orientated concept - environment is not aware of
it's own power, and thus not considered a serious stakeholder


MAN - Steve Cutts
Short-run profit maximization <-> Environmental sustainability
Rents can be created in the short-run (opportunism)

In the long-run:
Game theory
Exernalities
Government policies
A combination of lack of awareness coupled with their relative lack of political and economic power makes poor minority communities a frequent target for environmentally hazardous activities
Ghana's Toxic Dumping ground - BBC
What do you think...?
Concern for Environment vs. Money
The environment is an essential part of all our lifes - We should treat it that way !
The story of stuff
Minutes 2:40-4:45
Policy implications
Environment
Business Values
EPCRA
Executive order on environmental justice
low
high
low
high
Legitimacy

"Legitimacy gains rights through power"
social focus, however we feel a moral obligation to
environment
Urgency

crisis get attention, not slow processes other stakeholders are prioritized because of short-run focus on profits (rather than long-run sustainability)
Proximity

consider space, time and order (nearness, relatedness)
Managers must accept environment as a primary stakeholder
Introduction
Livestock production is one of the major causes of the world's most pressing environmental problems, including global warming, land degradation, air and water pollution, and loss of biodiversity.

Using a methodology that considers the entire commodity chain, it estimates that livestock are responsible for 18 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, a bigger share than that of transport. (source: FAO)
Discussion: Lifestock
Cradle
to

Cradle
Literature
Article 1
York- Pragmatic Sustainability
Article 2
Article 3
Cradle to cradle
Edad light car
Nike Shoes
Conclusion
All sentient creatures are considered
Moral dilemma for managers
Can lead to poor outcome
"We must treat all members of humanity as ends rather than means"

Difficult to apply in business strategy
"Humans must develop a character that leads to good environmental decisions."
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
BREAK!
Full transcript