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Chapter 2 Section 2

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by

Steve Hartnett

on 15 September 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 2 Section 2

Chapter 2 Section 2
Early Exploration

Portugal Begins Exploration
1.
Portugal
was the first European power to explore the boundaries of the known world.
2. Portugal lacked a
Mediterranean
port. Therefore it could not share in the trade between Asia and Europe. Portugal needed to find a better route for
trade
.

Early Portuguese Voyages
1.
Prince Henry the Navigator
laid the groundwork for the era of exploration.
2. The prince never became an explorer. Instead he planned the voyages and analyzed the
reports
that his crews brought home.
3. Henry set up a “
school of navigation
”. There astronomers, geographers, and mathematicians shared their knowledge with Portuguese sailors and
shipbuilders
.
4. Early Portuguese ships moved south along the coast of West Africa and built trading posts in the region. The Portuguese traded for
gold
and
ivory
.
5. During this time period (mid 1400s), Portuguese traders began buying
enslaved
Africans.

Bartholomeu Dias
1. King John of Portugal sent
Bartholomeu Dias
to explore the southernmost part of Africa and then to sail northeast into the
Indian Ocean

2. Bartholomeu Dias sailed with two
Caravels
and a supply ship. He sailed south along the coast of western Africa until a strong storm carried him off –course.
3. Dias realized that the storm pushed his ships past the southernmost point of
Africa
. Due to low
supplies
, Dias was forced to chart a course back to Portugal.
4. Dias named the southernmost point of Africa the “
Cape of

Storms
”, but it was later renamed the “
Cape of Good Hope
”.

Vasco de Gama
1. Years later (1497),
Vasco de Gama
set out from Portugal to find a route to
India
.
2. De Gama did little coast hugging of Africa. Instead, his ships made a huge
semicircular
sweep through the Atlantic Ocean. At one point, de Gama was closer to
Brazil
than he was to Africa. He made this maneuver to reach currents that would help him round the tip of Africa.
3. Vasco de Gama rounded the Cape on November 22nd and visited cities along the coast of East Africa. There, he met an
Arab
pilot who knew the Indian Ocean very well.
4. With the pilot’s help, de Gama sailed on to
India
, completing the long-awaited eastern sea route to Asia.

The Portuguese Trading Empire
1.
Pedro Alvares Cabral
left Portugal with 13 ships and planned to follow Vasco De Gama’s route.
2. His course swung so wide that he reached
Brazil
, where he explored some of the coastline.
3. Cabral sent one of his ships back to Portugal, while he continued on to India. Other Portuguese fleets began to make the voyage to
India
and eventually a Portuguese
fort
was built in India.
4. Portuguese sailors brought back cargoes of spices, porcelain, and other goods. Europeans traveled to
Lisbon
, the capital of Portugal, to trade for these goods. Lisbon became the
marketplace
of Europe.
Full transcript