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Chapter 2 Section 2
Transcript of Chapter 2 Section 2
Portugal Begins Exploration
was the first European power to explore the boundaries of the known world.
2. Portugal lacked a
port. Therefore it could not share in the trade between Asia and Europe. Portugal needed to find a better route for
Early Portuguese Voyages
Prince Henry the Navigator
laid the groundwork for the era of exploration.
2. The prince never became an explorer. Instead he planned the voyages and analyzed the
that his crews brought home.
3. Henry set up a “
school of navigation
”. There astronomers, geographers, and mathematicians shared their knowledge with Portuguese sailors and
4. Early Portuguese ships moved south along the coast of West Africa and built trading posts in the region. The Portuguese traded for
5. During this time period (mid 1400s), Portuguese traders began buying
1. King John of Portugal sent
to explore the southernmost part of Africa and then to sail northeast into the
2. Bartholomeu Dias sailed with two
and a supply ship. He sailed south along the coast of western Africa until a strong storm carried him off –course.
3. Dias realized that the storm pushed his ships past the southernmost point of
. Due to low
, Dias was forced to chart a course back to Portugal.
4. Dias named the southernmost point of Africa the “
”, but it was later renamed the “
Cape of Good Hope
Vasco de Gama
1. Years later (1497),
Vasco de Gama
set out from Portugal to find a route to
2. De Gama did little coast hugging of Africa. Instead, his ships made a huge
sweep through the Atlantic Ocean. At one point, de Gama was closer to
than he was to Africa. He made this maneuver to reach currents that would help him round the tip of Africa.
3. Vasco de Gama rounded the Cape on November 22nd and visited cities along the coast of East Africa. There, he met an
pilot who knew the Indian Ocean very well.
4. With the pilot’s help, de Gama sailed on to
, completing the long-awaited eastern sea route to Asia.
The Portuguese Trading Empire
Pedro Alvares Cabral
left Portugal with 13 ships and planned to follow Vasco De Gama’s route.
2. His course swung so wide that he reached
, where he explored some of the coastline.
3. Cabral sent one of his ships back to Portugal, while he continued on to India. Other Portuguese fleets began to make the voyage to
and eventually a Portuguese
was built in India.
4. Portuguese sailors brought back cargoes of spices, porcelain, and other goods. Europeans traveled to
, the capital of Portugal, to trade for these goods. Lisbon became the