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Let's Make A Green Singapore!

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by

Janice Low

on 10 July 2016

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Transcript of Let's Make A Green Singapore!

Benefits of compost
"Let's make a Green Singapore!"
Why compost?
Reduce harmful effects of food waste


The
bulk of
food
that are discarded
include fruit peels, vegetable parts, eggshells, bones and leftovers. Food waste, being
organic
, produces methane gas if discarded into
landfills
, which contributes to
climate change
. Its effect on
global warming
is 23 times more severe than
carbon dioxide
. Food waste also attract
pests
, are foul-smelling and produces
environmentally harmful liquid
. The waste has to be transported to landfills, yielding a
high carbon footprint
, increasing traffic
congestion
and
gas
consumption.

Increasing amounts of food waste also mean that new
incineration plants
and
landfills
are required. According to the National Environment Agency and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (2015), if the f
ood wastage
rate (chart)
maintains
, new incineration plants will be required every seven to ten years and a landfill will be needed every 30 to 35 years.
Incinerators release

wide varieties of pollutants
t
hat lead to
health problems
like increased cancer rates, respiratory problems, congenital abnormalities, hormonal defects and imbalanced sex ratio.
Environmental problems
like global warming, acidification, photochemical ozone and smog formation will also surface.

Fruit peels
Vegetable parts
Eggshell
Leftovers
The problems we are facing
Causes of food waste
Budget and Implementation Plan
$3000 Budget
4 Jora JK 270 Composter @
S$598.20 ea. (S$2392.80)
Opaque Plastic Sheet @
S$50.00
Bins for storage @
S$7.50 ea.(S$90.00)
300 kg Soil @ S$0.50/kg
ea. (S$150.00)
Implementation Timeline
February 2016
March 2016
Launch of Campaign
Setting up Location of Composters
Block T1A Level 4 Rooftop

April 2016
Collection of
Food Waste begins
Composting Process begins
July-October 2016
First Batch of Compost
can be collected
First Batch of Compost sold
Benefits of Collaboration
Students
from SP DBS
Knowledge about decomposition
and composting

Well established institution
with excellent graduates

One of the biggest schools
in Singapore

Conclusion
Environmental
,
economical

and

spatial

problems
"Let's Make a
Green Singapore!"
Food waste is increasing!
pollutant
food wastage rate
climate change

effects can be curbed by


Before composting...
Equipment and materials
Jora JK 270 Composter
'Greens'
'Browns'
Soil
Food Waste Problem
in Singapore

Let's Make A Green Singapore!
Star* Jump
Organisation
Singapore
Polytechnic
Cosmetic filtering
'Browns'
Soil
Finally...
Too dry?
Question:
1. What if the 4 composters had already full? Then the process of making compost will stop?
Answer: Yes, the process will stop until the first compost produced in the first composter.
As our budget has only $3000, we can only buy 4 composter, but each composter can fill in up to 268kg of waste to be composted, so each composter will take up to (how many) days to become full.
2. if u keep adding the new compost, when can u collect the first batch of mature compost?
Answer:


question
Jora JK 270 composter
'Greens'
Collection of "Brown" from SP
students/teachers.
I don't like the taste of raw carrot.
Why are you not eating the carrot?
Profits from Sale of Compost
1 kg of compost = $0.40
All profits is used to buy soil for the
next batch of compost
Big and spacious
Rotatable
(123RF, 2015)
This is what you see...
This is what you do not see...
Making of compost
'Greens'
'Browns'
National Envronmental Agency, NEA (2015)
Soil
So what is the current situation now?
CO
main problem we are facing now:
many food waste being thrown causing
the incineration plant and landfill increases,
this is harmful to the environment.
so making compost from the raw food and
fruit can decrease the env impact of the food
waste

February
March
April
May
June
July
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Buying of Materials
Getting Necessary Permissions and Approvals
Approval of Funding
Nutrient rich soil amendment
Implementation Plan
Implement in Singapore Polytechnic
Level 4 rooftop of block T1A
Eartheasy.com
Jiffy Universal Potting Soil from Far East Flore Pte Ltd
Materials and equipments
Monday
Up to 1 week of food waste
Bulk of food discarded
Bones
Twice a week
Incineration plants
Methane Gas
Food wastage
6 volunteers
Do not need to
collect food waste
2
2
CO
Problem caused by food waste
Environmental problems
Health problems
One month to be filled up
3 to 6 months
700kg!
Consequences of Food Waste
Tuesday
Wednesday
5 group of 4 students
Thursday
Friday
Landfill
Maintenance of compost
Rotate twice a week
Add water!
How much to add?
Buy soil
(Flickr, 2008)
Nitrogen rich
Provide moisture
No cooked food
Carbon rich
Microorganisms
Macro & micronutrients
Bonding agent - hold soil elements
Beneficial microorganisms
Enrich the soil
Retain moisture
Prevent soil erosion
Materials and equipments
Volunteer Recruitment
SP students - 20
Making of Compost
Before food court 2 closes
15-20kg
Same amount of 'browns'
to rooftop
Composting Process
Rotate
Add brown
Water
Completion of Compost
Kok Fah Technology farm in Lim Chu Kang
References
#happyplateSG, (2016). Food Waste Survey - Singapore - #happyplateSG. [online] Available at: https://happyplate.sg/food-waste-facts/ [Accessed 6 Jan. 2016].

Bonnie Plants, (2013). Composting 101: What Is Compost? - Bonnie Plants. [online] Available at: https://bonnieplants.com/library/what-is-compost/ [Accessed 20 December 2015].

Composting In Singapore, (2010). Compost!. [online] Available at: https://compostinginsingapore.wordpress.com/compost/ [Accessed 7 Jan. 2016].

Eartheasy.com, (2016). Jora JK270 Composter 9.5 Cubic Feet | Eartheasy.com. [online] Available at: http://eartheasy.com/yard-garden/composting/jora-jk270-composter-9-5-cubic-feet [Accessed 7 Jan. 2016].

Epa.gov, (2016). Composting At Home | Reduce, Reuse, Recycle | US EPA. [online] Available at: http://www.epa.gov/recycle/composting-home [Accessed 1 Jan. 2016].
Gardening Know How, (2011). Compost Stinks! How To Stop Compost Smelling. [online] Available at: http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/composting/basics/compost-smells-bad.htm [Accessed 4 Jan. 2016].

Greencircle.com.sg, (2016). Contact - Green Circle. [online] Available at: http://www.greencircle.com.sg/?page_id=23 [Accessed 4 Jan. 2016].

Ltd, K. (2016). Asia Plantation Capital | Leading the way in sustainable plantation management. [online] Asiaplantationcapital.com. Available at: https://www.asiaplantationcapital.com/ [Accessed 4 Jan. 2016].

National Parks Board, (2016). Composting. [online] Available at: https://www.nparks.gov.sg/gardening/gardening-resources/caring-for-plants/composting [Accessed 4 Jan. 2016].

Nea.gov.sg, (2016). Waste Statistics and Overall Recycling. [online] Available at: http://www.nea.gov.sg/energy-waste/waste-management/waste-statistics-and-overall-recycling [Accessed 6 Jan. 2016].

Savefoodcutwaste.com, (2016). Food Wastage in Singapore | Save Food Cut Waste. [online] Available at: http://www.savefoodcutwaste.com/food-waste/food-wastage-in-singapore/ [Accessed 10 Jan. 2016].
Savefoodcutwaste.com, (2016). Food Wastage in Singapore | Save Food Cut Waste. [online] Available at: http://www.savefoodcutwaste.com/food-waste/food-wastage-in-singapore/ [Accessed 3 Jan. 2016].

Sharma R, e. (2016). The impact of incinerators on human health and environment. - PubMed - NCBI. [online] Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23612530 [Accessed 5 Jan. 2016].

Singapore, Z. (2009). Start Composting at Home | Zero Waste Singapore. [online] Zerowastesg.com. Available at: http://www.zerowastesg.com/2009/02/04/start-composting-at-home/#sthash.H4QP6JBR.dpuf [Accessed 4 Jan. 2016].

Singapore, Z. (2015). Food Waste Habits of Households in Singapore | Zero Waste Singapore. [online] Zerowastesg.com. Available at: http://www.zerowastesg.com/2015/10/16/food-waste-habits-of-households-in-singapore/ [Accessed 1 Jan. 2016].

Singapore, Z. (2015). Singapore Waste Statistics from 2003 to 2014 | Zero Waste Singapore. [online] Zerowastesg.com. Available at: http://www.zerowastesg.com/2015/03/20/singapore-waste-statistics-from-2003-to-2014/ [Accessed 1 Jan. 2016].

Singapore, Z., Singapore, Z., Singapore, Z., Singapore, Z. and Singapore, Z. (2015). Food Waste | Zero Waste Singapore - Part 2. [online] Zerowastesg.com. Available at: http://www.zerowastesg.com/tag/food-waste/page/2/ [Accessed 20 Dec. 2015].
Singapore, Z., Singapore, Z., Singapore, Z., Singapore, Z. and Singapore, Z. (2016). Food Waste | Zero Waste Singapore. [online] Zerowastesg.com. Available at: http://www.zerowastesg.com/tag/food-waste/ [Accessed 15 Dec. 2015]

TODAYonline, (2016). Singapore’s food waste problem is an issue that’s hard to stomach. [online] Available at: http://m.todayonline.com/lifestyle/food/singapores-food-waste-problem-issue-thats-hard-stomach [Accessed 13 Dec. 2015]

Unep.org, (2016). Food waste harms climate, water, land and biodiversity - new FAO report - UNEP. [online] Available at: http://www.unep.org/newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentID=2726&ArticleID=9611 [Accessed 1 Jan. 2016]

YouTube, (2016). Trouble In Food Paradise | Digital Features | Channel NewsAsia Connect. [online] Available at: [Accessed 1 Jan. 2016]

YouTube, 2016. Composting Made Fast & Easy with an Insulated Compost Tumbler [online] Available from:
[Accessed 10 January 2016]

Singapore Polyechnic Logo. Available at: www.sp.edu.sg
Calendar Template, Blank Calendar Template. Available at: http://www.alegoo.com/pictures10/planners-calendar-01/blank-calendar-template-020/
Reduce use of pesticides
Protect plant from diseases
3-6 months later...
Compost will
be ready!
Nashville,2015.
Food waste >>> useful compost
Garden science, 2012.
Opaque plastic sheet
Homer TLC, 2012.
Bucket in each food stall
Cru Singapore, 2016.
Medway Council, 2016.
bin for 'browns'
Kristin, 2015.
GroundGrocer, 2016.
CMI Marketing, 2013.
Cedar Grove, 2015.
Process can be repeated
Equipment in working condition
rooftop under shelter
prevent
Holds up to 250kg of food waste
2 compartments
Bad smell
Attract pests
Create air spaces
Carbon
Nitrogen
CMI Marketing, 2013.
Shutterstock, 2016.
eartheasy, 2012.
eartheasy, 2012.
O
Wordpress, 2011.
2
Dinesh, 2015.
City Soil, 2015.
City Soil, 2015.
MedHealth, 2016.
NaldzGraphic, 2015.
Organic Gardening, 2012.
Introduce air
Makes composting faster!
Maintenance of compost
Foul odour
Decompose organic
materials
%
%
%
Maintenance of compost
Until composter is 80% full
Bonnie, 2015.
Total Cost=S$2682.80
Jeff, 2016.
Fertilefibre, 2015.
Food Waste Republic, 2010.
Nina, 2015.
Dark in colour
Profit earned
Kok Fah Farm, 2015.
13% of 788 600 tonnes recycled
Earthy smell
Fine texture
Too wet?
Add 'Browns'!
Jeff, 2006.
7 - 10 years
30 - 35 years
23 times more severe than carbon dioxide
Congenital abnormalities
Respiratory problems
Pests
Foul smell
Full transcript