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Art History Timeline

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by

Monique Parker

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of Art History Timeline

Art History Timeline
Periods in Art History
Prehistoric/Ancient
Middle Ages/Medieval
Modernism
Post-Modernism
Modernism
Realism, Impressionism,
Post-Impressionism
Art Nouveau, Fauvism,
Cubism, Futurism
Expressionism, Dada, Surrealism,
De Styl, Abstract-Expressionism
Pop Art, Op Art and Minimalism
1975 - Present
Computer Art - Digital Media
Web Art
Computer generated art
Realism
(1848-1900)
(1865-1885)
Impressionism
Greek / Hellenistic Era 850bc - 31bc
Characteristics
Greek Idealism
Balance
Perfect Proportions
Architectural Orders
Middle Ages
Characteristics
Celtic Art
Carolingian Renaissance (literature and writing)
Romanesque (rise of Gothic style architecture)
Gothic (Cathedrals)
Prehistoric - Ancient
Paleolithic Era - Cave paintings
Neolithic - stonehenge
Mesopotamian - Warrior Art
Egyptian - pyramids and temples
Roman - Roman Realism, down to earth
Indian, Chinese, and Japanese - meditative
Byzantine - heavenly
Architectural Orders
Doric
Ionic
Corinthian
Goddess Nike
Chief Artists & Major Works
Parthenon

Myron (Athenian Sculptor)

Phidias (Greek Sculptor)

Polykleitos (Greek Sculptor)
Major Developments at that time
Athens defeats Persia at Marathon (490 B.C.)
Peloponesian Wars (431 B.C - 404 B.C.)
Alexander the Great's conquests
Middle Ages Medieval
(500 - 1400)
Athena Promachos
Romanesque
Gothic
Islamic
Japanese
Renaissance
Mannerism
Baroque
Rococo
Classicism
Romanticism
Romanesque vs. Gothic
Chief Artists and Major Works
St. Sernin
Durham Cathedral
Notre Dame
Giotto di Bondone
(1266/7 – January 8, 1337), better known simply as Giotto was an Italian painter and architect from Florence in the late Middle Ages.
Historical Events at the this time
Viking Raids ( 793-1066)
Battle of Hastings
Crusades I-IV
The Black Death sweeps through
Hundred Years' War (1337-1453)
Renaissance
Mannerism (1527-1580)
Baroque
Rococo
Neoclassical
Romanticism
Leaving the traditional behind.
The rise of Western Art (New thought)
Feminism - New Image -
Pattern Design - Neos
(Neo-Expressionism,
Neo-Geo, Neo-Conceptual)
- Conceptional Abstract -
Feeble - Social Practice
3D Social Art
Flash
3D Web motion
digitalthread.com
Artists and Major Works
Ghiberti's Doors
Brunelleschi (dome)
Donatello
Botticelli
Leonardo DeVinci
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Raphael (St. Peter's Basilica)
Characteristics:
Individualism
Secularism (fewer churches)
Classical influence
Nature and Anatomy
linear perspective and depth (blue background)
Symmetry
Significant Events in the World during the Renaissance Era
Gutenberg invents movable type (1447)
Turks conquer Constantinople (1453)
Columbus lands in New World ( 1492)
Copernicus proves the Earth revolves around the sun (1543)
Mona Lisa - Why so famous?
Sfumato
Csaba Markus
Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines
Smokey
Only painter who has successfully
duplicated the revolutionary technique of Sfumato alive today.
Characteristics
Art that breaks the rules
artifice over nature
1400-1550
Chief Artists and Major Works
Tintoretto
El Greco
Pontormo
Cellini
Bronzino
Historical Events
Magellan Circumnavigates the globe (1520-1522)
(1600 - 1750)
Characteristics:
Dramatic High Contrast (dark against light scenes)
Splendor and flourish for God
Art as a weapon in the religious wars
Chief Artists and Major Works
Reubens
Rembrandt
Caravaggio
Palace of Versailles
Historical Events
Thirty Years' War between Catholics and Protestants
(1681-1648)
Characteristics:
ornate design and fine, delicate features.
Sculpture and architecture feature excessively decorative added features
foreign lands
mythical characters and creatures
finely detailed depictions of beautiful landscapes and upper class women in fancy clothing.
Artists and Works
Diego Velasquez
Jean-Honoré Fragonard
The Rococo Basilica at Ottobeuren
Historical Events at this time
1750-1800
The absolute monarch King Louis XIV dies and France is seen as a cultural superpower.

The world is introduced to Italian pizza,
Japanese sushi,
Cuban salsa dancing and
Chinese kung fu martial art
Furniture and interior design became symbolic of the wealthy
(1750-1850)
All that recaptures Greco-Roman
grace and grandeur
Artists and Major Works
David
Ingres
Greuze
Canova
Historical Events
Enlightenment (18th Century)
Industrial Revolution (1760-1850)
(1780-1850)
The triumph of imagination and individuality
Artists and Major Works
Casper Friedrich
Delacroix
Turner
Benjamin West
Historical Events

American Revolution (1775-1783
French Revolution (1789-1799)
Napoleon crowned emperor of France (1803
Celebrating the working
class and peasants;
rustic painting
Capturing fleeting effects of natural light; en plein aire
Fauvism and Expressionism
(1900-1935)
Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting form
Cubism
(1905-1920)
Geometric Shapes
3D flattened to 2D
Dada and Surrealism
(1917-1950)
Ridiculous art; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious
Abstract Expressionism
Pop Art and Op Art
(1960-1975)
Popular art absorbs consumerism.
Optical illusion art at large scale.
Post-World War II: Pure abstraction and expression without form
1940-1950
Artists and Major Works
Corot
Courbet
Daumier
Millet
Historical Events at the time of Realism
Battle of the Alamo 1836
Chief Artists and Major works
Monet
Manet
Renoir
Pissarro
Cassatt
Degas
Historical Events
Franco-Purssian War (1870-1871)
Unification of Germany (1871)
Artists and Major Works
Matisse
Kirchner
Kandinsky
Marc
Historical Events
Boxer Rebellion in China
World War (1914-1918)
Chief Artists and Major Works
Picasso
Braque

Historical Events

American Women franchised (1920)
Artists and Works
Duchamp
Dali
Magritte
Kahlo
History at the time
World War I
The Great Depression (1929)
Atomic bombs dropped on Japan (1945)
Artists and Works of Significance
Pollock
Gorky
de Kooning
Happening in history
Cold War and Vietnam War
USSR Supresses Hungarian revolt (1956)
Artists and Major Works
Warhol
Max
Riley
Vasarely
Escher
Agam
1:25
Carolingian (family in rule)
Roman-Gothic
500-1500
Full transcript