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Transcript of Schizophrenia
What is it?
It's a problem of cognition, but it also involves perception and motor functions.
It involves confused and disordered thoughts and perceptions.
Thought processes are somewhat disturbed, and the person has lost contact with reality to a considerable extent.
It is not a single problem; it has no single cause or cure.
It is a collection of symptoms that indicates that an individual has serious difficulty trying to meet the demands of life.
false beliefs maintained in the face of
contrary evidence. (A famous person loves me, the government is following me).
perceptions in the absence of corresponding sensations (hearing voices, seeing things, smelling things).
Or a marked decline in thought processes. Language is really fast. It can be described as a "word salad".
Disturbances of Affect:
Emotions that are inappropriate for the circumstances.
Deterioration in Normal Movement:
Slowed movement, nonmovement, or
highly agitated behavior.
Decline in Previous Levels of Functioning:
A sharp drop of productivity at work.
Cognitive flooding, the person is unable to focus
his or her attention.
Involves hallucinations and delusions, including
"I am the savior of my people;" or
"Someone is always watching me."
The person may remain motionless for long periods, exhibiting "waxy flexibility" in which limbs in unusual positions may take a long time to return to a relaxed position.
Involves incoherent language, inappropriate emotions, giggling for no apparent reason, generally disorganized motor behavior, and hallucinations and delusions.
Refers to anyone whose symptoms are completely gone or still exist but are not severe enough to have earned a diagnosis of schizophrenia in the first place. The expectation is that the symptoms will return.
Encompasses the basic symptoms of schizophrenia, such as deterioration of daily functioning, hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate emotions, thought disorders, and so on.
Schizophrenia is a very complex condition, and treatment is long-term and usually requires hospitalization
Recovery is possible, but no real cure exists,
The ultimate cause is an interaction of environmental, genetic, and biochemical factors.
Psychotherapy is not the treatment of choice for someone with schizophrenia. Used as an adjunct to a good medication plan, however, psychotherapy can help maintain the individual on their medication, learn needed social skills, and support the person's weekly goals and activities in their community. This may include advice, reassurance, education, modeling, limit setting, and reality testing with the therapist. Encouragement in setting small goals and reaching them can often be helpful.
Schizophrenia appears to be a combination of a thought disorder, mood disorder, and anxiety disorder. The medical management of schizophrenia often requires a combination of antipsychotic, antidepressant, and antianxiety medication. One of the biggest challenges of treatment is that many people don't keep taking the medications prescribed for the disorder. After the first year of treatment, most people will discontinue their use of medications, especially ones where the side effects are difficult to tolerate.