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Mental Illness

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on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Mental Illness

Mental Illness
What is a Mental Illness?
The Alfred Hitchcock Classic
It's Kind of a Funny Story...
Donnie Darko
A mental illness is a
medical condition
that disrupts a person's
thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others and daily functioning.
Just as diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas, mental illnesses are medical conditions that often result in a
diminished capacity
for coping with the
ordinary demands of life.
Caused by 4 Factors:
1. Genetics
2. Biology
3. Psychological Trauma
4. Environmental Stressors
Mental illnesses are very common.
In fact,
they are more common than cancer, diabetes, or heart disease.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about
25% of American adults
& about
13% of American children
are diagnosed with a mental disorder during a given year.
Donnie Darko
Bad Review
A Phoenix secretary (Marion Crane) steals $40,000 from her employer's client, goes on the run and checks into a remote motel (Bates Motel) run by a young man (Norman Bates) under the domination of his mother.
Psycho is a 1960 American psychological thriller-horror film directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Anthony Perkins, Vera Miles, John Gavin, and Janet Leigh
Anxiety Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
Bipolar Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder
Dissociative Disorders
Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness
Eating Disorders
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Panic Disorder
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Schizoaffective Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Tourette's Syndrome
Norman Bates
Norman Bates suffers from

dissociative identity disorder/ multiple personality disorder

Caused by a severe trauma
Definition: having 2 or more distinct personalities
Norman Bates lives in the house all alone, far away from civilization
Bates Motel is a isolated motel that hardly anyone
Lives alone, no parents or partner
Uses his mothers personality to satisfy his loneliness
Synopsis of
It's Kind of a Funny Story
It's Kind of a Funny Story is a 2010 comedy-drama film based off the novel by Ned Vizzini of the same name and his real life experience in the psychiatric ward for 5 days. It's directed by Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck starring Keir Gilchrist, Zach Galifianakis and Emma Roberts.
It's Kind of a Funny Story tells the story of an intelligent 16 year old teenage boy named Craig Gilner (Gilchrist) who is stressed out about his life and after attempting to jump off the Brooklyn Bridge, checks himself into the adult psychiatric ward.
Craig Gilner
Craig Gilner suffers from depression
After attempting to jump off the Brooklyn bridge, he checks himself into the hospital.
Craig is stressed out because of the pressures of highschool, turning in his application to a prestigious summer school and his father pressuring him to do well.
He becomes friends with Bobby (Galifianakis) and his love interest Noelle (Roberts)
During his stay, he realizes that everyone else in the ward has it worse than he does.
In the week he spent in the psych ward, he learns a lot more about life, love and himself.
Our Thesis:
The audiences various views on mental illness' are affected due to the way the media portrays it through films.
We are going to be looking at these 3 values:
1. Confusion
2. Overcoming Obstacles
3. Alienation
Norman grew up without a father figure and he and his mother became inseparable
His mother told him to never fall in love because love is evil
When his mother got remarried, he felt as if she replaced him and was a hypocrite
Norman killed his mom and her newly wedded husband with poison
He missed his mother deeply, so he stole his mothers corpse and in his mind, she was still alive
He lives his life with dual personalities, himself and his mother
Norman truly believes that his mother is alive and the murderer
He cleans up his mothers mess because he believes she is the killer
He cannot recall what he did
Mental incapability- not knowing right from wrong
Comparisons with Course
"Psycho is not a long film but it feels long"

"The stupid air of mystery and portent surrounding Psycho's presentation strikes me as a tremendous error"

"I grew so sick and tired of the whole beastly business"
"One of the greatest psychological thrillers"

"Hitchcock takes the story [...] providing amazing camera work, and excellent editing

"Psycho” is an absolute work of art."
In this scene, after Craig tells Dr. Mahmoud his problems, he isn't convinced Craig is really sick
Regardless of his loving family, friends, and good grades, no one understands the amount of stress he is under
Only Craig knows the severity of his stress and what it can do to him
Craig expresses his fear if he does not get help
Eventually, Dr. Mahmoud gives in and admits him into the adult psychiatric ward
The Bawdy Politic
Synopsis of
Donnie Darko
Overcoming Obstacles
In the end, staying in the psychiatric ward did not cure Craig but did help him a lot
Being in the psychiatric ward has taught Craig to be more grateful to be in the situation he's in
Bobby tells Craig that if he was him, he would just "live"
After Craig's discharge, he starts to live his life happily
In the last scene, Craig's last word of the movie is "live"
"Reactions to Jackson have shown a divide in America"
"The Super Bowl is a time for stars and stripes, not stars that strip"
"Offending image"
things taken too seriously/ blown out of proportion
Donnie Darko, released in 2001, is a science fiction film dealing with time travel.
The main character, Donnie Darko, is a troubled teenager whom has vision of a giant bunny rabbit named Frank. In the middle of the night, Frank leads Donnie outside onto a golf course and tells him the world will end in exactly 28 days, 6 hours, 42 minutes, and 12 seconds. While Donnie is outside, a jet engine from an airplane crashes into his bedroom. Since Frank saved Donnie's life that night, Donnie feels that he has to obey him and figure out why the world will end.
Good Review
"It is not as bold or original as Fleck and Boden's others."

"...he is a whiny, self-centered mope."

"He's just a horny, lonely, misunderstood kid feeling pressured to get into the right school and find a girlfriend."

By: Matt Singer
By: Connie Ogle
"The movie is amusing at times, with the sort of gentle humour that inspires you to smile to yourself rather than guffaw."

"The movie is amusing at times, with the sort of gentle humour that inspires you to smile to yourself rather than guffaw"

"The cast is effective enough at reflecting mild irreverance throughout, and the script's low key humour keeps the story from becoming unbearably maudlin."
In this scene, Norman freaks out when his "mother" kills their only guest and goes to the motel to clean up her mess.
Marion, the guest at the motel is questioning Norman about his social life, which he is lacking.
This scene shows Norman and his dual personalities along with his mothers corpse
Who is Donnie Darko?
-Todd McCarthy
-James Plath
"Donnie Darko" has plenty of problems.
The narrative chases down so many labyrinthine dark alleys that it finally hits a dead end in the maze of its own making.
He then peddles happily home...
Many unnecessary points that could've been left out
Goes beyond teen angst, weaving in mental issues
"Donnie Darko" managed to deliver a fantastic portrait of teens in high school white at the same time cultivating a moody atmosphere hat's the perfect vessel to hold all of the otherworldly elements.
You can do what Donnie does at one point and go backwards and pick up on a lot of the things you missed the first time..understand why it's become a cult classic.
Norman Bates
Donnie Darko
Frank the Rabbit
It's Kind of a Funny Story
Book design
When designing this poster, I considered using a plain background and starting from scratch. However, I knew I wanted to do something involving a head or brain. The book cover was perfect for what we needed to accomplish.

With mental illnesses, there isn't only dark moments but some bright moments as well. That is why when I was choosing the colours to use, I decided to use light and dark colour to show the contrast between mental illnesses in the films and how they are portrayed.
Media's Damaging Depictions of Mental Illness
Discussion Questions:
#1. Do you feel like adults don't take teenagers seriously when they think that they have a mental illness?
#2. Why is it so much harder now to talk about mental illnesses? Is it because people think that they will be considered "dramatic" or "over-exaggerating"?
Media's Damaging Depictions of Mental Illness
Research has shown that many people get their information about mental illness from the mass media. What they do see can colour their perspective, leading them to fear, avoid and discriminate against individuals with mental illness.
This article focuses on how the media can turn something serious, such as mental illness into something that it isn't.
The media has begun scaring people into acting as if mental illnesses are contagious and lethal. In today's society, being diagnosed with a mental illness is the worst thing that could possibly happen. We hear stories almost every week of someone who has committed suicide due to a mental illness, but we never hear the stories of people who have conquered the disease that could have caused their demise.
Interesting Common Myths
People with mental illness are violent.
Teens with mental illness are just going through a phase.
They're evil, foolish, or wonderful.
We cannot group people into one category based on what disease they have.
All mental health professionals are the same.
No, not all health professionals are the same.Some are more helpful than others and should not be grouped into the same category as people who do nothing.
They don't get better
. The media acts like having a mental disorder is permanent and there is no change at helping them.
They're unpredictable.
Just like with animals, the mentally ill are treated as if they are going to attack at any given moment.
Donnie Darko, the main character of the film, is believed to schizophrenic. He is a disturbed teenager, especially once Frank appears in his life and begins to control him.
In the beginning of the movie, Donnie is seen alone on a mountain early in the morning. The first impression the viewer gains from seeing him in this scene is that Donnie is an isolated character.
He forms a "friendship" with Frank because he believes that his alter-ego is the only "person" that understands what he is going through.
Donnie's parents are aware of his schizophrenia, so they send him to a psychiatrist.
Even with psychiatric help, Donnie's mental state does not get any better. During his last session with Dr. Thurman, Donnie is under a hypnosis when he has a vision of Frank, despite his best efforts of trying to push those thoughts out of his mind. Although he technically has the help he needs, he is still unable to stop his illness from taking over his life.
By that point in the movie, Donnie was not strong enough to do it himself.
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