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Depression: Can We Change Our Minds?

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Robin Popp

on 1 September 2016

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Transcript of Depression: Can We Change Our Minds?

environment
2015
biology
Can We Change Our Biology?
Unipolar Disorders
and
Bipolar Disorders
: Mood Disorders
The ABCDE of REBT
Cognitive Therapy
Can We Change Our Life Experience?
Maladaptive Assumptions
Negative Thinking
Cognitive Therapy
http://psych.ku.edu/tlc/
Depression
Is It All In Your Head?
Youtube error
Saul
Moses
Queen Victoria of England
Abraham Lincoln
Buzz Aldrin
Ernest Hemingway
Sylvia Plath (son)
Virginia Wolfe
J.K. Rowling
Pablo Picasso
Frank Lloyd Wright
Sheryl Crow
Eric Clapton
Drew Barrymore
Halle Barry
Jim Carrey
Drew Carey
Beyonce
Sinead O'Conner
Charlotte Gilman Perkins
Gwyneth Paltrow
Figure 6.2 Reuptake and antidepressants
Comer, Ronald J., Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, Seventh Edition Copyright © 2014 by Worth Publishers

Figure 6.5 How depressed parents and their children interact
Comer, Ronald J., Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, Seventh Edition Copyright © 2014 by Worth Publishers

Figure 6.1 The biology of depression
Comer, Ronald J., Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, Seventh Edition Copyright © 2014 by Worth Publishers

major depressive disorder
dysthymic disorder
premenstrual dysphoric disorder
post partum depression
seasonal affective disorder
B
i
p
o
l
a
r
Unipolar
bipolar I
bipolar II
cyclothymic disorder
Stephan Ilardi, PhD
“It is a dire necessity for an adult human being to be loved or approved of by virtually every significant other person in his community.”

“It is awful and catastrophic when things are not the way one would very much like them to be.”

“If something is or may be dangerous or fearsome, one should be terribly concerned about it and should keep dwelling on the possibility of its occurring.”

“One should be thoroughly competent, adequate, and achieving in all possible respects if one is to consider oneself worthwhile.”

A. Ellis, 1962
http://www.learner.org/series/discoveringpsychology/22/e22expand.html
18 to 21:30m
Learned Helplessness,
Martin Seligman, 1960s
Contact Comfort,
Harry Harlow, 1959
Can We Change Our Minds?
A Guide to Rational Living,
Albert Ellis 9m
Windy Dryden
Maladaptive Attitudes
Cognitive Triad
Errors in Thinking
Automatic Thoughts

Aaron Beck, PhD
Increasing activities and elevating mood
Challenging automatic thoughts
Identifying negative thinking and biases
Changing primary attitudes

Rethinking Depression
Charles Raison, PhD
Is someone you know contagious? toxic?
bipolar disorder
Kurt Cobain (ADHD)
Catherine Zeta Jones
Carrie Fisher
Alvin Abby


Reciprocal Determinism
Is a predisposition to unipoplar depression inherited?
Family pedigree studies: 20% compared to 10% (2011)
Twin studies: 46% compared to 20% (2011)
Gene studies: 13+ chromosomes, 5-HTT gene on chromosome 17 (2011)
46 chromosomes, 23 pairs, made up of strings of genes (20,000 to 25,000 in body) containing DNA
1. low activity of neurotransmitters (1950s)
2. endocrine system malfunction (2011)

3. problem within neurons
4. too few receptor sites
cortisol and melatonin
genetic
biochemical
anatomical
immune system
low activity and low blood flow
undersized
high activity and blood flow
lower functioning of lymphocytes and increased production of C-reactive protein
Rise and Shine: Define these terms.

maladaptive assumptioms
metacognitive theory
intolerance of uncertainty theory
avoidance theory
neurotic anxiety
moral anxiety
ego defense mechanisms
Full transcript