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Prefixes

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by

Emily Beisswenger

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of Prefixes

Prefixes
SUB
-below or under

sub
way
noun: an underground electric railroad, usually found in a large city
When I was in Philadelphia, I rode the
sub
way
to get to the sport stadium.
sub
merge
verb: to make (someone or something) go under the surface of water or some other liquid
We watched as the divers prepared to
sub
merge
.
sub
marine
noun: a ship that can operate underwater
The scientist will travel in a
sub
marine
to explore the ocean.
sub
stitute
sub
set
TRANS
-across, over

trans
form
noun: a person or thing that takes the place or function of another
My teacher was not at school and my class had a
sub
stitute
.
noun: a group of things, people, etc. that is part of a larger group
A small
sub
set
of students participated in a reading activity.
verb: to change (something) completely and usually in a good way
First grade will
trans
form
the plain hallway into a rainforest.
trans
fer
verb: to pass or move from one person, place, or situation to another
We will
trans
fer
the bench to another part of the park.
trans
late
verb: to change words from one language to another language.

I will need you to
trans
late
my conversation with a Spanish speaking student.
trans
parent
adj: able to be seen through

: honest and open
We could see all the delicious candy in the
trans
parent
bowl.
trans
action
noun: a business deal, where goods, services, or money are passed from one person/account to another
The entire
trans
action
took place over the phone.
SUPER
: above, over, more

super
ior
super
vise
super
abundant
super
stition
super
b
adj: high or higher in quality, better than others.
Some people think that the iphone is
super
ior
to all other phones.
verb: to be in charge of something or someone, to watch and direct
She will
super
vise
a group of 20 people while they work on a project.
adj: excessive
The food drive collected a
super
abundant
amount of canned goods.
noun: a belief that certain events or things will bring good or bad luck
It is a common
super
stition
that a black cat crossing the street is bad luck.
adj: extremely good, excellent or brilliant in a noticeable way
The performance was entertaining and
super
b
.
PRE:
before, toward

pre
dict
pre
heat
pre
view

pre
pare
pre
mier
verb: to say that something will or might happen in the future
Before I read, I
pre
dict
what will happen in my story.
verb: to heat an oven to a certain temperature before putting food to be cooked inside
Before I cook my chicken, I must
pre
heat
my oven.
verb: to see beforehand
I always like to
pre
view
a book before I start to read it.
verb: to make (someone or something) ready for some activity, purpose, use, etc.
I always
pre
pare
my school lunch the night before.
adj: the first in position, rank, or importance
The
pre
mier
hotel we stayed in on our vacation was ranked better than all the others.
CIR:
around

cir
cle
cir
culate
cir
cumference
cir
cus

cir
cuit
RE:
back, again

EX:
out of, outside, from

ANTI:
against

anti
bacterial
anti
freeze
anti
septic
anti
biotic
anti
social
The dog was being
anti
social
and would not play with any of the other dogs.
ex
hale
ex
it
ex
plore
ex
tinct
ex
pire
re
cycle
re
fund
re
peat
re
hearse
re
flection
COM:
with, together

com
bine
com
panion
com
fort
com
pany
com
mand
MONO:
one
BI:
two

mono
poly
mono
tone
bi
lingual
bi
cycle
bi
sect
TRI:
three
QUAD:
four

tri
logy
tri
plet

quad
rangle
quad
ruple
tri
athlon
INTER:
between, among

inter
ior
inter
section
inter
val
inter
national
inter
mediate
noun: a line segment that is curved so that it meet and every point on the line is equally far away
I had to draw a
cir
cle
on my math test.
verb: to move or cause to move in a circle or course
My teacher
cir
culated
through the classroom during our social studies test.
noun: the distance around something
The
cir
cumference
of the playground in shown with a fence.
noun: a large arena enclosed by rows of seats
The
cir
cus
tent was filled with noisy people, animals, and performers.
noun: a moving or revolving around something
We created an electrical
cir
cuit
in our science class.
verb: to process to use materials again
I
re
cycle
all of my water bottles and put them in a special bin.
verb: to return money in repayment
I received a
re
fund
when I returned my dress.
verb: to do something again
I will
re
peat
this song because I enjoy listening to it.
verb: to practice for a public performance
We needed to
re
hearse
many times before we were ready for the big performance
noun: an image production by or as if by a mirror
It was hard to see my
re
flection
because the mirror was cracked.
verb: to breathe out
When I
ex
hale
during the winter, I can see my breath.
verb: to go out or leave
I
ex
it
the building quietly during a fire drill.
verb: to search through, look into, travel on an adventure
Kevin went to
ex
plore
through the woods behind his house.
adj: no longer existing
Dinosaurs have been
ex
tinct
for a very long time.
verb: to come to an end
The milk in my fridge will
ex
pire
and need to be thrown out soon.
adj: directed against bacteria
Please use
anti
bacterial
soap when you wash your hands.
noun: a substance added to liquid to prevent freezing
Prepare your cars for winter by putting
anti
freeze
in the engine tank.
adj: killing or preventing the growth of germs that cause disease
I need to put
anti
septic
on my cut to prevent infection.
noun: a medicine that helps kill bacteria in the body
I took an
anti
biotic
to cure my cold.
adj: unfriendly
verb: to mix together
Steven likes to
com
bine
different juices into one drink.
noun: one that accompanies another
I had a
com
panion
when I went out to dinner.
verb: to give strength and hope to
Shannon was given
com
fort
when her dog passed away.
noun: guests or visitors
My mom had
com
pany
over the house all weekend
verb: to issue orders
The police officer gave a
com
mand
to stay out of the street.
TELE:
far distance

tele
market
tele
vise
tele
thon
tele
scope
tele
phone
MULTI:
many

multi
tude
multi
ply
multi
plex
multi
purpose
multi
media
IN:
in, into

in
fluence
in
fuse

in
hibit
in
hale

in
novate
UN:
not

un
ruly

un
questionable
un
limited
un
rest
un
relenting
noun: a set of three stories that are related by characters and plot
I read and enjoyed all of the books in the Lord of the Rings
tri
logy
.
noun: a group of three similar things
The
tri
plets
were named George, Gina, and Gretchen.
verb: to make four times as much
If you are going to
quad
ruple
the recipe, use four cups of sugar instead of one.
noun: an athletic contest usually involving swimming, running, and biking
She completed all three events in the
tri
athlon
in record time.
noun: a geometric figure with four angles
Squares and rectangles are two kinds of
quad
rangles
.
verb: to cut into two pieces
Amy
bi
sected
the pizza, cutting it into two equal pieces.
noun: control by one person or one company
One Bell has a
mono
poly
on all the telephone service in this area.
noun: a boring sameness or repetition
The presenter spoke in a
mono
tone
voice the entire presentation.
adj: able to use two languages especially with fluency
The
bi
lingual
speaker was able to speak English and Spanish.
noun: a vehicle with two wheels behind one another
I ride my
bi
cycle
to school everyday.
noun: inside, inner space
The outside of the building was drab but the
inter
ior
was magnificent.
noun: a space or time between two other things, a pause or recess
The
inter
val
between recess and lunch is when we have math.
adj: involving two or more nations
The
inter
national
agreement was signed by all three countries.
adj: halfway, in the middle, average
On a color wheel orange is
inter
mediate
between red and yellow.
noun: a crossroads or meeting point
Meet me at the
inter
section
of Broad and Main streets at noon.
verb: to sell products or services over the telephone.
I am not sure whether it would be better to
tele
market
or advertise in a magazine.
verb: to send or receive by television
At what time does this station
tele
vise
the news?
noun: a television program that raises money for a charity
The
tele
thon
raised $300,000 to fight cancer.
noun: an instrument for viewing distant objects
If you use a
tele
scope
you can easily see the craters on the moon.
noun: an instrument for talking to people over long distances
I used my
tele
phone
to call my friend who lives in Chicago.
adj: able to be used for more than one purpose
The school's
multi
purpose
room is used for assemblies and other activities
adj: using several forms of media at the same time.
Her
multi
media
presentation kept the audience's attention.
noun: a complex that holds many movie theatres.
My family went to the
multi
plex
to see a new movie.
verb: to increase in number
Since more people were coming to the party, we had to
multi
ply
the number of party favors.
noun: a great number of people or things, a crowd
The
multi
tude
moved slowly and patiently through the ticket gate.
verb/noun: the power to affect other people
My mom thinks television can be a bad
in
fluence
to children.
verb: to hold back or restrain
The health team worked quickly to
in
hibit
the spread of the disease.
verb: to draw in by breathing
I like to
in
hale
the sweet smells when cookies are in the oven.
verb: to introduce something new
My teacher likes to
in
novate
new projects for us to complete.
verb: to put in
She
in
fused
her courage into others by being a leader.
adj: not restricted, having no limits or bounds
At the buffet we can take
un
limited
helpings of desserts.
adj: not relaxing or slackening, refusing to yield
The toddler's energy was
un
relenting
.
noun: a troubled or disturbed state
The
un
rest
spread from a small group to the entire community.
adj: not to be questioned or doubted, certain
The principal's opinion on this matter is
un
questionable
.
adj: disobedient, hard to control
The substitute reported that the class was completely
un
ruly
.
IL, IR, NON:
not

PORT:
bring, carry

STRUCT:
build

SCRIP, SCRIB:
write

ir
regular
adj: not according to common rules, customs or forms
The young child was only able to cut out an
ir
regular
shape.
il
logical
adj: not logical, unsound
She did not convince me with her
il
logical
argument.
ir
replaceable
adj: not able to be replaced
The tea cups in my collection are
ir
replaceable
.
non
conformist
noun: a person who does not follow common customs
You could tell by the odd way she dressed that she was a
non
conformist
.
non
existent
adj: non existent, not a reality, absent
sup
port
verb: to hold up
We used sticks to
sup
port
the tomato plants.
de
port
verb: to send a person out of the country
The man was
de
port
ed
to his native country.
ex
port
verb: to send goods out of one country to another country.
The United States
ex
port
s
a lot of rice to other countries.
im
port
verb: to bring goods from a foreign country into a country
Some products we
im
port
because we cannot grow them in our country.
port
able
adj: able to be carried
The small box was
port
able
but the large one was too heavy to carry.
struc
ture
noun: something that is constructed, a building
The sturdy
struc
ture
is made of bricks and wood.
de
struc
tive
adj: causing something to be destroyed, damaging
James thought his sister was
de
struc
tive
, but she was just a curious baby.
in
struc
tor
noun: someone who provides knowledge or skills, a teacher
We have Miss Turner for most classes but we have a different
in
struc
tor
for art.
ob
struct
verb: to block or put obstacles in the way.
The bike parked on the sidewalk
ob
struct
ed
the way to the front door.
con
struc
tion
noun: the act of building or putting something together
The
con
struc
tion
will only be done on the days that it does not rain.
in
scribe
verb: to make marks on a surface; to engrave
Do not
in
scribe
you initials in the wood.
in
scrip
tion
noun: something that is written or engraved
The
in
scrip
tion
on the gravestone was barely readable because it was so old.
pre
scrip
tion
noun: a doctor's instructions for the use of medicine
The
pre
scrip
tion
said to take the medicine three times a day.
tran
scribe
verb: to make a written or typewritten copy
I had to
tran
scribe
the notes from the meeting.
scrib
e
noun: a writer or author
The
scrib
e
wrote down everything the speaker said.
auto
graph
GRAPH, GRAM:
write. writing

verb: a person's signature; anything written in one's handwriting
I was excited to get the movie star's
auto
graph
.
bio
graph
y
noun: an account of one person's life
I just finished reading a
bio
graph
y
of Anne Frank.
gram
mar
noun: the study of the way words are used in a language
If I want to win the writing contest I have to work on my
gram
mar
.
graph
ic
adj: providing a clear picture, vivid and realistic
Dad gave me a
graph
ic
description of how a car engine works.
graph
ite
noun: a type of carbon used in pencils
The eraser on my pencil wears out before I run out of
graph
ite
.
GEN:
origin, birth

gen
eration
noun: all the people born and living at about the same time
My aunt and uncle say they are part of the same
gen
eration
.
gen
uine
adj: has the same qualities as the original; real; not fake
My mother has
gen
uine
diamond earrings that she wears only on special occasions.
gen
eric
adj: referring to all members of the same group; common
It was a
gen
eric
pair of jeans and not a designer label.
gen
erous
adj: willingness to give; unselfish
My grandmother is such a
gen
erous
, giving person
gen
erate
verb: to cause to be, to bring about
The windmill was used to
gen
erate
electricity.
MAGN, MAXI:
great, large

magn
ate
noun: a person of great importance and with great influence
Bill Gates, owner of Microsoft, is a
magn
ate
in the computer industry.
magn
ificent
adj: richness, splendid appearance; beauty
I was amazed by the
magn
ificent
painting.
maxi
mum
verb: to increase to the greatest possible amount
To
maxi
mize
his chances for a home run he hit the ball to the right field.
maxi
mum
adj: the greatest possible amount or size
The
maxi
mum
amount this bucket can hold is two liters.
magn
ification
noun: the appearance that something is larger
Magn
ification
made is easier to see the small handwriting.
MICRO, MIN:
small

mini
ature
noun: a small copy or model
adj: small scale
I like to play with my
mini
ature
horse because it fits in my bag.
micro
be
noun: a very small living thing, a germ
A small
micro
be
was responsible for the illness
micro
scope
noun: an instrument that magnifies very small things
In science class we looked at samples of pond water through a
micro
scope
.
min
ce
verb: to cut into small pieces
I need to
min
ce
the garlic before I add it to my soup.
min
or
adj: less in size or importance
The boy only had a
min
or
cut when he fell off his bike.
My
mem
ento
of our trip to Canada was a small wooden totem pole.
The
mem
orial
for the Vietnam War is in Washington, D.C.
adj: ancient, very old, traditional
The palace was an
im
mem
orial
treasure that tourists loved to visit.
LABOR,OPER:
work

co
oper
ate
verb: to work together to accomplish something
We are more likely to win if everyone on the team
co
oper
ates
.
oper
able
adj: able to be used or operated
Once he put a new motor in the machine, it was operable again.
labor
atory
noun: a room or building for scientific research.
The scientist's
labor
atory
was littered with papers and equipment.
labor
ed
adj: heavy, difficult
Ted finished the race with sweat rolling from his body and
labor
ed
breathing.
oper
ator
noun: a person who works at a certain activity or runs a machine
The bulldozer
oper
ator
stopped the machine and looked at his work.
QUES,QUER
QUIR,QUIS:
ask

re
quir
ement
noun: something that is requested or demanded
Having a tennis racket is a
re
quir
ement
for being on the tennis team.
ques
tionnaire
noun: a form with questions used to gather information
It took me an hour to answer all the questions on the
ques
tionnaire
.
in
quis
itive
noun: asking a lot of questions; extremely curious
The
in
quis
itive
child asked her parents endless questions about everything.
ques
t

noun: a search to find or obtain something; a crusade
Their
ques
t
for the sunken treasure ended in disappointment.
re
ques
t
verb: to ask for something
noun: something you ask for
Mrs. Cohle turned down our
re
ques
t
for a longer recess.
AQUA, AQUI:
water

aqua
noun: a color that is a mixture of blue and green
Her
aqua
eyes were beautiful with her blonde hair.
aqua
tic
adj: growing or living in water
Seaweed is an
aqua
tic
plant.
aqua
tics
noun: sports or exercises that are performed in water
Water polo and swimming are both
aqua
tics
.
aqui
culture
noun: growing things that live in water
We visted an
aqui
culture
farm that grew lettuce and tomatoes.
aqua
rium
noun: a place for exhibiting aquatic plants and animals
Sophia was very excited to visit the
aqua
rium
in Baltimore.
GEO, TERR:
land, earth

geo
logy
noun: the science that deals with the earth's crust
For the
geo
logy
unit we had to know how to identify different kinds of rocks.
geo
metry
noun: the field of math that deals with points, lines and solids.
The
geo
metry
teacher explained the difference between a rectangle and a square.
terr
estrial
adj: existing on the earth
noun: someone who lives on the earth
The strange looking bug seemed like it was extraterrestrial instead of
terr
estrial
.
terr
a-cota
adj: brownish-red color
The pot was a rich
terr
a-cota
color with black paintings on it.
terr
itory
noun: the land of one nation, state or ruler
The king's
terr
itory
stretched from the sea to the mountains.
NAT:
birth

nat
ive
noun: someone who was born in a particular place or country
Ingrid is a
nat
ive
of Sweden.
multi
nat
ional
adj: involving several nations
A
multi
nat
ional
group of doctors flew to the disaster area.
nat
ionality
noun: belonging to a nation either by birth or naturalization
The traveler's nationality was French, but he had been living in Germany for years.
nat
uralize
verb: to make natural or less artificial; to give the rights of someone who was born in a country
Lupe is a
nat
uralized
citizen who values her right to vote and votes in every election.
nat
ionalism
noun: devotion to one's country; patriotism
I feel a strong sense of
nat
ionalism
when I see our flag flying.
VIT, VIV, BIO:
life

bio
logy
the science that deals with the lives of animals and plants
In
bio
logy
class we are studying how animals adapt to their surroundings.
bio
graphy
noun: the story of someone's life
The singer's
bio
graphy
is filled with humorous stories about her performances.
viv
id
adj: full of life; bright; intense
The colors in the painting were so
viv
id
that it looked like a photograph.
re
viv
e
verb: to bring back to life
The paramedic used CPR to
re
viv
e
the child after she fell in a pond.
vit
al
adj: necessary for life; lively, energetic
The heart is one of your
vit
al
organs.
CAP:
head

cap
ital
noun: the city that is the seat of government
adj: most important
On our field trip to the
cap
ital
we vistited the government buildings.
cap
itol
noun: a building in which the legislature holds its sessions
The
cap
itol
is a large white building with a domed roof.
cap
illary
noun: a tube with a small hole,; a small blood vessel
The blood moved from the heart to the arteries and finally to the
cap
illaries
.
cap
size
verb: to overturn; to sink a boat by overturning
A sudden gust of wind caused the small boat to
cap
size
.
cap
tain
noun: someone who is the head or leader of other people
The
cap
tain
told her team that they had done a good job.
MAN:
hand

man
ufacture
verb: to make by hand or machinery; to mass produce
The sweater was
man
ufactured
in China but the pants were made in Mexico.
man
age
verb: to direct or oversee; to have charge of
My mom
man
ages
a sales team of forty people.
man
date
noun: an order from one who is in command
The principal issued a
man
date
to the teachers and students.
man
icure
noun: the care of the hands, especially the fingernails
After her
man
icure
she had perfect pruple fingernails.
man
euver
verb: to move, steer, or guide
Try to
man
euver
your bike out of the garage without scratching the car.
PED, POD:
foot

centi
ped
e
noun: a wormlike animal with a pair of legs for each body segment
When I picked it up, I could easily see the
centi
ped
e's
many legs.
ped
estal
noun: a base or support
The vase was sitting on the
ped
estal
.
ped
estrian
noun: someone who travels by walking
The
ped
estrian
walked quickly to reach the intersection before the light changed.
im
ped
e
noun: to stop progress; to stand in the way
The shortstop
im
ped
ed
my run for third base.
tri
pod
noun: a stool or table that has three legs
The photographer mounted her camera on a
tri
pod
to keep it steady.
SPEC, SPIC:
see, look

spec
tator
noun: someone who observes
The crowd of
spec
tators
followed the golfers around the course.
pro
spec
t
verb: to explore
noun: an expectation
The miner
pro
spec
ted
for gold in the mountains.
spec
tacular
adj: showy, striking, overwhelming
The light show was so
spec
tacular
that the crowd did not want it to end.
spec
ify
verb: to describe or state in detail
Could you
spec
ify
what kind of doughnuts you want?
con
spic
uous
adj: easily seen or notices; visible
The dachsaund was
con
spic
uous
as it sat among the great danes.
VIS, VID:
see, look

en
vis
ion
verb: to imagine; to know in advance; to foresee
If you can
en
vis
ion
your goal, you can accomplish it.
vis
ual
noun: related to seeing
You should have
vis
uals
when you present your biography.
vis
ta
noun: a view or outlook
From the back porch we had a
vis
ta
of the whole valley.
e
vid
ent
adj: plain; easy to see or understand
If you think about it, the reason to do this should be
e
vid
ent
.
vis
ible
adj: can be seen; in view
The moon was
vis
ible
through the clouds.
DICT:
say

dict
ion
noun: the way someone speaks or sings
Her
dict
ion
had to be perfect if she wanted to be a television news reporter.
in
dic
ate
verb: to point out; to be a sign of something
The baby pointed to the bottle,
in
dic
ating
that she wanted to eat.
pre
dict
verb: to forecast, to anticipate or tell in advance
The weatherman
pre
dicts
that we will have snow by tomorrow.
dict
ator
noun: a ruler who has all the power and makes all the rules
The
dict
ator
was overthrown and replaced with a government.
ver
dict
noun: the decision of the jury in a court case
The jury's
ver
dict
was that the man was not guilty.
PHON,PHONO:
sound

mega
phone
noun: a cone-like device that is used to make sound louder
The cheerleader used the
mega
phone
to lead the crowd in a cheer.
phon
ics
noun: a method of reading by learning sounds the letters make
My teacher says that by learning phonics we can sound out any word.
phono
graph
noun: an instrument that produces sound using a flat disk
We replaced our
phono
graph
player with a CD player.
sym
phon
y
noun: a long musical piece that is written for an orchestra to play
After the orchestra played the
sym
phon
y
by Mozart the crowd clapped wildly.
saxo
phone
noun: a musical instrument with a curved metal body
The
saxo
phone
player swayed as he played an upbeat jazz song.
VERT, VERS:
turn

vert
ebrae
noun: the bones located in the spine, back bones
If you did not have
vert
ebrae
you would not be able to stand upright.
con
vers
ation
noun: an exchange of ideas between two or more people
My
con
vers
ation
with my best friend was the highlight of my day.
di
vert
verb: to turn from one direction to another; to sidetrack
The car
di
vert
ed
a crash when driving on the highway.
ad
vert
ise
The merchant decided to
ad
vert
ise
on television insead of on radio.
verb: to call attention to; to convince people to buy
re
vert
verb: to go back
If the new method doesn't work, you can always
re
vert
to the old way.
MEM:
memory

com
mem
orate
verb: to remember or honor with a ceremony or celebration
We had an assembly to
com
mem
orate
the 50th anniversary of the school.
mem
orable
adj: unforgettable; impressive
The singer's performance was
mem
orable
.
mem
ento
noun: a souvenir or keepsake
mem
orial
noun: something that helps people remember a person or event
im
mem
orial
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